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Holocaust - Source related questions.

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HOLOCAUST COURSEWORK (1) What can you learn from Source A about how the Jews were treated in 1939 in Nazi Germany? From Source A we can learn that in 1939 in Nazi Germany Jews were treated differently and hated. 'Jewish shops which had been destroyed. The big Synagogue was in flames'. The Germans were showing the ultimate mark of disrespect by burning down the Jewish place of worship. The Jews were treated inhumanely, they were kept from 'early morning' until 'about six o'clock'. The Jews were made to feel ashamed of what they were 'some shouted abuse'. The Jews were taken from there houses without consent but they were powerless to do anything 'Two SS men came to my house to fetch me'. (2) Study Sources B and C. Using the sources and your own knowledge explain what the Nazis meant by the "Final Solution"? The "Final Solution"(Endl�sung) was the name give to the Nazis attempt to systematically exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe, an estimated 11 million people. "Europe would be combed of Jews from east to west". This "Solution" was led by the Nazi belief of anti-Semitism, the religious and racial prejudice against the Jews. Prior to the "Solution" the Nazis worked vigorously to encourage Jews to emigrate. The Madagascar Plan was one example of strategies which were formulated to remove Jews from Germany and its occupied lands. But foreign countries were reluctant to accept the influx of Jewish refugees. At the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942 in Wannsee, a Berlin suburb, the details of the "Final Solution" were clarified. The conference was convened by Heydrich and Himmler. The purpose of the meeting was to co-ordinate the Nazi bureaucracy required to carry out the "Final Solution," which provided for: * Deportation of Jews to killing centres. * Immediate death for those who were unable to work or the very young, the old, and the weak. ...read more.


It also goes on to state the amounts of clothing which was being collected from Auschwitz and distributed between the German population. Source I does not obviously state German support or knowledge but only hints at this. This is implicated by the different sets of clothing "collected from the gassed at Auschwitz" and distributed among Germans. Source J states that there was a particular code widespread in Hitler's Germany, about how people did not talk about what they knew and nor were questions being asked. Even if the were then they received no answers. Source J, in contrast to Source I, makes no attempt at hiding the fact that Germans knew about the "Final Solution", "those who knew". But support is show in the form of "ignorance". In Source I support and knowledge of the "Final Solution" among ordinary Germans is shown. Clothing was collected from the "gassed at Auschwitz" and "distributed on Germany's Home Front". The numbers of clothing were extraordinary over just a six week period, "222,269 sets of men's suits and underclothes, 192,652 sets of women's clothing and 99,922 sets of children's clothing". With this amount of clothing being provided for the Germans they must have questioned where it came from. Another - more conclusive - piece of evidence can be extracted from the source. " those damned Jews, they wont even let one sleep at night". This statement was recorded when crowded trains were rattling through the hours of darkness. It conclusively shows that there was knowledge of what was happening to the Jews, but because it was a daily occurrence it had become nuisance. Before this statement there is a line saying "Most Germans knew the significance" of the trains so most Germans must have know exactly what fate awaited the Jews. Apart from knowledge, support is also clearly represented in the source. This strong support is implemented by the figures. ...read more.


Thus, for example, everyone knew about the Boycott of April 1st 1933, The Night of the Broken Glass (Kistallnacht) 9th November 1938 and the Nuremberg Laws of 1935, because they were fully publicised. Moreover, offenders were often publicly punished and shamed. The same holds true for subsequent anti-Jewish measures. The Night of the Broken Glass, (Kistallnacht) 9th November 1938, was a public pogrom, carried out in full view of the entire population. While information on the concentration camps was not publicised, a great deal of information was available to the German public, and the treatment of the inmates was generally known, although exact details were not easily obtained. As for the implementation of the "Final Solution" and the murder of other undesirable elements, the situation was different. The Nazis attempted to keep the murders a secret and, therefore, took precautionary measures to ensure that they would not be publicised. Their efforts, however, were only partially successful. This is because there was knowledge of the 'Final Solution' available to ordinary Germans as indicated in Source J. As far as the Jews were concerned, it was common knowledge in Germany that they had disappeared after having been sent to the East. It was not exactly clear to large segments of the German population what had happened to them. On the other hand, there were thousands upon thousands of Germans who participated in and/or witnessed the implementation of the 'Final Solution' either as members of the SS, the Einsatzgruppen, death camp or concentration camp guards and as police in occupied Europe. I conclude that Most Germans did not supported or sustained the 'Final Solution' because there was only a proportion of Germans that actually did. Most of Germany was passive in their response to the Jewish problem. This is not support but it still shows knowledge and ignorance among the German population. The passive attitude, although did not support the 'Final Solution', still sustained it. If questions were asked and protests carried out successfully then there would have been a chance of stopping the 'Final Solution' and extermination of about 6 million European Jews. ...read more.

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