• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Accurate is it to say that the Causes of the Demonstrations outside the Holy Cross Primary School in August 2001 date back to only 1968?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Accurate is it to say that the Causes of the Demonstrations outside the Holy Cross Primary School in August 2001 date back to only to 1968? It would be short-sighted to say that the causes of the Holy-Cross Incident date back only to 1968. I believe that 1968 was just a link in a chain of events which led up to the Holy-Cross Incident. The two side's views have been caused by events that have happened during the past, going back as far as the reign of Henry VIII, during the reformation. The Holy-Cross Incident is an example of the violence and hatred between the Catholics and Protestants. The incident happened because the Nationalist School is located in a staunchly loyalist enclave in the mainly nationalist area of Ardoyne, in North Belfast. Around 100 children & their parents walked down the loyalist Ardoyne Road to get to the main entrance of their school. Riot police armed with Perspex shields and batons had to escort them through venom, spittle and missiles of broken planks embedded with nails coming from the loyalist residents of the road. The loyalists were unhappy that 'their' road was being used by Nationalists and the Nationalists weren't using the back entrance of the school to avoid going down 'their' road. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore, Britain decided they needed to gain control of Ireland. The Protestants thought that the best way to contain the Catholic rebellions was to take their land away from them, so they couldn't group together and so the most fertile land taken by the British was given to Protestant settlers which effectively made them the landlords and the Catholics became the tenants and this is when the first conflicts started. Catholics attacked the Protestants and the Protestants attacked them back in revenge. The fact that the land used by Catholics was not as fertile as Protestant's land meant that the Catholics had to rely on Potatoes as their main food source and so when a fungus disease wiped out all the potatoes in Ireland this is how the Potato Famine of 1845. A million Irish people died and many immigrated to the USA to escape starvation. Many people in America have Irish connections to the famine and they are one of the main sources of funding to IRA and Real IRA activities as many of them still feel bitter towards the Protestants. Some have withdrawn their funding after the terrorist attacks on September 11th 2001 as they realized what sort of damage supporting this type of terrorism can do. The Protestant victory in the Battle of Boyne is still celebrated today by Orange Men, when they march through Drumcree, and through the Catholic Garvaghy Road. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was caused by a break off group from the IRA called the 'Real IRA'. They were not happy that the IRA had 'gone soft' and stopped using violence. The bomb was designed to restart the conflict but it didn't succeed, although it was a major hurdle the Good Friday Agreement had to overcome. I believe that the 'Real IRA' is just a new form of Terrorism because they are trying to stop an agreement that could help solve the conflict. The majority of people want to solve the violence as over 70% of people voted in favour of the Good Friday Agreement in a referendum. Nowadays, Ireland has grown to become a more ethnically-diverse community and Ireland has had money pumped into it as part of the EU. Currently, the spotlight has been taken away from the conflict but has been put on the rising numbers of racially related attacks. It is possible that other races are becoming the new target as the people of Ireland have been brought up amongst hatred. To conclude, I believe that it is not accurate to say that the cause of the Holy-Cross incident just dates back to 1968, although the events of 1968 were the strongest link in a chain of events that led up to the incident. This is because the events of 1968 were caused by events that happened previous to them. The cause of the Holy-Cross incident could be dated back as far as the reformation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland - The Good Friday Agreement was created in April 1998, and then ...

    The 16 rebel leaders were then executed by the British army and so people in Ireland supported the Republicans. Then after the Easter Rising, there was the General Election in 1918, Sinn F�in won 73 Irish seats, and Nationalists won only 7.

  2. What were the causes of the Easter Rising?

    As source A and B tells us. He was called a " Notorious Traitor " by a British newspaper in source d. this is biased though but in reality this seems right for what he did. In source e there is some factual information but the day of capture is

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    IRA which had been gone into the realms of history, but which now had to be resurrected. The IRA were able to take advantage of how the community began to manage itself, and in Belfast, for example, the Catholic community formed what was called the Citizen's Defense Community, representing 75,000 Catholics.

  2. Why was there a change in the levels of tension between Unionists and Nationalists ...

    The main reason for this was that internment was only used against the Nationalists. This would have angered the Nationalists as they would have thought that they were being treated unfairly by the government. This would have led to many Nationalists supporting the IRA.

  1. Why does sectarian conflict like that seen at the Holy Cross Primary School in ...

    For example the government gave money to the Catholic Church for more pews, the Protestants will feel threatened and wonder why they are not getting any money given to them. This is a common problem that both communities face daily.

  2. The Irish Republican Army: Before and After 1968

    Whether it is the random, indiscriminate violence or specific target-killings, the underlying aims of the IRA is to dramatize the situation, seek attention and generate publicity to their cause. The targeted "audience" of the IRA is thus not only restricted to the local community but also the international community at large.

  1. To what extent can it be argued that the Jesuits were the most important ...

    But the Jesuits did help the laity. They provided education and influenced many young men to improve themselves in order to join them, they also championed the ordinary Catholics rights within Europe and tried to stop the onslaught of Protestantism One of the reasons the Jesuits remained so mysterious was

  2. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still showopen hostility towards each other, as thedemonstrations at Holy ...

    In 1920 therefore there was the Partition of Ireland where the 6 most Protestant counties in Ulster stayed part of the UK, and in 1921 Sinn Fein signed a temporary agreement. Decommissioning would have been near to impossible after the Easter Rising as both Protestants and Catholics felt the need for weapons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work