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How Accurate is it to say that the Causes of the Demonstrations outside the Holy Cross Primary School in August 2001 date back to only 1968?

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Introduction

How Accurate is it to say that the Causes of the Demonstrations outside the Holy Cross Primary School in August 2001 date back to only to 1968? It would be short-sighted to say that the causes of the Holy-Cross Incident date back only to 1968. I believe that 1968 was just a link in a chain of events which led up to the Holy-Cross Incident. The two side's views have been caused by events that have happened during the past, going back as far as the reign of Henry VIII, during the reformation. The Holy-Cross Incident is an example of the violence and hatred between the Catholics and Protestants. The incident happened because the Nationalist School is located in a staunchly loyalist enclave in the mainly nationalist area of Ardoyne, in North Belfast. Around 100 children & their parents walked down the loyalist Ardoyne Road to get to the main entrance of their school. Riot police armed with Perspex shields and batons had to escort them through venom, spittle and missiles of broken planks embedded with nails coming from the loyalist residents of the road. The loyalists were unhappy that 'their' road was being used by Nationalists and the Nationalists weren't using the back entrance of the school to avoid going down 'their' road. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore, Britain decided they needed to gain control of Ireland. The Protestants thought that the best way to contain the Catholic rebellions was to take their land away from them, so they couldn't group together and so the most fertile land taken by the British was given to Protestant settlers which effectively made them the landlords and the Catholics became the tenants and this is when the first conflicts started. Catholics attacked the Protestants and the Protestants attacked them back in revenge. The fact that the land used by Catholics was not as fertile as Protestant's land meant that the Catholics had to rely on Potatoes as their main food source and so when a fungus disease wiped out all the potatoes in Ireland this is how the Potato Famine of 1845. A million Irish people died and many immigrated to the USA to escape starvation. Many people in America have Irish connections to the famine and they are one of the main sources of funding to IRA and Real IRA activities as many of them still feel bitter towards the Protestants. Some have withdrawn their funding after the terrorist attacks on September 11th 2001 as they realized what sort of damage supporting this type of terrorism can do. The Protestant victory in the Battle of Boyne is still celebrated today by Orange Men, when they march through Drumcree, and through the Catholic Garvaghy Road. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was caused by a break off group from the IRA called the 'Real IRA'. They were not happy that the IRA had 'gone soft' and stopped using violence. The bomb was designed to restart the conflict but it didn't succeed, although it was a major hurdle the Good Friday Agreement had to overcome. I believe that the 'Real IRA' is just a new form of Terrorism because they are trying to stop an agreement that could help solve the conflict. The majority of people want to solve the violence as over 70% of people voted in favour of the Good Friday Agreement in a referendum. Nowadays, Ireland has grown to become a more ethnically-diverse community and Ireland has had money pumped into it as part of the EU. Currently, the spotlight has been taken away from the conflict but has been put on the rising numbers of racially related attacks. It is possible that other races are becoming the new target as the people of Ireland have been brought up amongst hatred. To conclude, I believe that it is not accurate to say that the cause of the Holy-Cross incident just dates back to 1968, although the events of 1968 were the strongest link in a chain of events that led up to the incident. This is because the events of 1968 were caused by events that happened previous to them. The cause of the Holy-Cross incident could be dated back as far as the reformation. ...read more.

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