• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How accurate is it to state that the policy of ‘Appeasement’ caused the collapse of International order in 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Accurate is it to State that the Policy of 'Appeasement' Caused the Collapse of International Order in 1939? Appeasement was a policy adopted by Britain and France in the 1930s to try and satisfy Hitler's demands. One could argue that appeasement could not have caused World War II because the Treaty of Versailles signed in 1919 was a contribution among other things. It contained article 231,the War Guilt Clause, which made Germany accept responsibility for World War I. Germans felt extremely angry and resentful about this, and wanted revenge. It effectively isolated Germany from the rest of the world as they wanted nothing to do with Germany. The treaty meant that Germany found it hard to build up its economy again as a result of colonies and land taken away, reparations of �6.6 billion and severe military reductions. ...read more.

Middle

Germany was already struggling out of hyperinflation as a result of the invasion of the Ruhr in 1923, and it was now in even deeper trouble. The Dawes Plan of 1924 meant that if America fell into financial difficulty, it would have to call back its loans from Germany. After the Wall Street Crash in 1929 every country started to use protectionism to protect their own economy. This meant less co-operation between countries. Depression also caused Hitler to come to power. Fascism, a policy of dictatorship used by Mussolini, encouraged Hitler to carry out his plans for more "Lebensraum", as he was closely watching as Italy invaded Abyssinia and ignored the supposedly powerful League. Soon, the aggressors became close allies who sympathised with each other. ...read more.

Conclusion

Appeasement enabled Germany and Russia to build up relations; they signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact. Russia had previously offered a pact with Britain and France. Britain and France also lost two of their allies (Romania and Yugoslavia) to appeasement. When Hitler took the Sudetenland it led him to think that Britain and France wouldn't act to protect other countries. Hitler said: "I've seen the British at Munich- they are little worms." Daladier, the new French Prime Minister, was not keen on keeping the promise made in the Locarno Pact of protecting Poland and Czechoslovakia if they were attacked. I think that Appeasement was not solely to blame for the collapse of international order. The depression, failure of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles were major contributers to the collapse. But I also think that if Hitler was stopped when he invaded the Rhineland he would have been much more cautious about going any further with invasions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did international peace collapse by 1939?

    3 star(s)

    were occupied with these disasters Hitler used the cover to undertake many tasks that would increase his hold in central Europe. Using the cover of the Abyssinian crisis he heavily rearmed in late 1935 and then in early 1936 he marched his troops back into the Rhineland area of Germany to gain extra protection against France.

  2. Why had international Peace Collapsed by 1939?

    Britain tried to appease countries to be allies against Germany with them. For example this happened in the Abyssinian debate like I mentioned. *************************************************************************** In 1939 Hitler made an agreement with Stalin called the Nazi Soviet Pact. This involved Hitler and Stalin not attacking one another and to divide Poland between them.

  1. To What Extent was British Appeasement to Germany in the Interwar Period Justified?

    Both books were published in the last decade of the twentieth century, one near the beginning and the other at the end. Since they were issued six decades after their subjects, constant unearthed information added to the benefit of hindsight helped the authors' examination, though they still are limited due to personal bias.

  2. The Italian Conquest of Abyssinia: How far was the LoN to blame?

    It states, "The suggestions favoured Italy, were acceptable to France, and Eden gave the impression that England might accept them as well." The fact that the suggestions favoured Italy meant that they didn't favour Abyssinia. Baring this in mind, the source later says "Eden gave the impression that England might accept them as well."

  1. Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?

    The league was seemingly powerless, discussing economic sanctions against Japan, however they would have been meaningless without the support of the USA, Japan's main trading partner. Besides, Britain was more interested in up keeping good relations with Japan than in agreeing to sanctions.

  2. what were the roots of the british policy of appeasement?

    The first was German rearmament and the reoccupation of the Rhineland. In 1936 Hitler set up a four year plan in order to rearm Germany. He indicated that by 1940 Germany would be ready for war. It was German rearmament and the reoccupation of the Rhineland which broke the treaty of Versailles.

  1. World War Two - The Police State

    Youth Within the Education System in Germany boys were more important than girls. Hitler's policies made it difficult for girls to have any chance of a career outside the home. In 1940 the number of girls at grammar schools had reduced from 255,000 in 1931 to 188,000.

  2. The Collapse of Peace.

    This was the last test for Hitler and if he could get away with it, he could get away with everything. There were many important causes of World War 2. Arguably the most important was the weakness of Britain and France in opposing Hitler.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work