• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why did castles change over time?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How and why did castles change over time? Introduction In this project I will be telling you how castles changed and why castles changed between 1066 and 1500. I will go through the 5 different castles and how they were attacked, improved and other useful information. I will use pictures and writing to explain. The reason why kings built castles was to protect them and to keep out their enemies. Motte and Bailey The motte and bailey were the first castles to be built in 1066 and William the Conqueror was one of the first to build them in England. Motte and Baileys were built from wood. On the top of the motte (mound) would be a keep where the baron would live. The motte was surrounded by a ditch, a palisade (wooden fence) and had a draw bridge. In the bailey (courtyard) would be some farm buildings and cottages where the servants and animals lived. The best place to build the motte and bailey castle was on a hill, so that you could see for a long way and you was able to fire arrows down at the enemy. ...read more.

Middle

Edward I The round keep was better than the square keep because all round vision was possible, tunnellers couldn't destroy it as it had round corners, the walls were thicker at the base and the towers leant over the wall so objects could be dropped on the enemy.(see plan of keep castle below). At this time siege and powerful long range weapons were made e.g. the mangonel and the trebuchet. The mangonel was a catapult that fired a number of heavy rocks in one go and was powered by the tension of ropes. It was however difficult to aim. (see picture). The trebuchet was very accurate. It fired one heavy rock at a time. The rock was placed on the trebuchet arm which knocked into the rope and sprung off at great speed. (see picture). Siege towers were developed to help attackers climb high walls. The siege tower was covered in thick leather to give protection to the attackers. Heavy battering rams were used to try and destroy the castle walls. One successful method of attack was the siege. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was hard to destroy these castles with the weapons described above. Edward I built many of these castles in Wales at the end of the 13th century. (see picture of Beaumaris castle on Anglesea built in 1295 and the plan of a concentric castle below). Platform Castles King Henry VIII built the last castles in 1500. He built most of them along the English coast as he feared that the French might invade. This castle could not be destroyed by any weapons. It had many defences to withstand gunpowder. It had a very small entrance, the towers were built below the outer walls so that cannon balls would not hit it with power, the walls were 5 metres thick and the clover leaf shape could absorb cannon balls. These castles were very difficult to attack. They were defended by revolving cannons on their roofs. The only disadvantage was these castles were very dark and uncomfortable inside. Examples of this castle are Deal Castle (below),Walmer Castle and Sandown Castle. Conclusion The reason castles changed overtime was because weaponary was getting more advanced so kings had to make stronger and larger castles which would withstand powerful weaponary (especially gunpowder). ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How far does the site of Warwick Castle and the supporting sources help you ...

    The only problem which we can see by this source is that he does not specify which type of castle he is talking about. But from other sources we can tell that it was the period of the motte and bailey castle.

  2. History - Castles Coursework

    bridge has been taken out and has been replaced with a normal open bridge leading directly in to the castle, this bridge is at ground level, these new features of the bridge would have made it very easy for attackers to get in and attack the castle.

  1. Was Oystermouth Castle typical of the castles built in Wales during the middle Ages?

    However, this time on a cliff, which gave it steeper slopes, making it harder to attack than Oystermouth. Swansea Castle was also built on a hill, yet it differs from Oystermouth as it was designed and built to guard the seaport.

  2. Reichstag Fire

    The Nazi soldiers or the Storm Troopers as they were called started the fire in the Assembly Hall of the Reich Stag building but they were all shot by the SS commandoes in Berlin. Martin also writes that Karl Ernst who was the chief of the Berlin Stormtroopers, reported it to him along with the police chief Dr.Diels.

  1. 'Bodiam Castle shows today more than any document, the way in which castle buildings ...

    because of 'the uncertain issue of battle', which would cause more to be built and therefore need for castle development. It also shows how castles affected the people, i.e. the castles mentioned here seemed to force the men of York 'into 'unconditional surrender'.

  2. Like most castles in the South of England, all of the changes at Portchester ...

    Other castles were also used for this purpose. This source is what people believe Porchester Castle looked like when the Saxons took over. I feel that the Saxons were partly to do with the hypothesis because during this period, Porchester castle was used to defend Britain from Danish invasions.

  1. How and why did castles change from 1066 to 1550?

    They were not built primarily to defend or to control a local area but built primarily to advertise the power and status of a provincial noble and to demonstrate the strong bond between the King and his nobility. They were seen as a reflection of a more stable and secure

  2. Nuclear Weapons and Disarmament

    They believe in the sanctity of life and that all life created by God is sacred and finally the Quran has evidence of teachings on peace which is completely against the common stereotypes about Islam. There are also Islamic organisations like Islamic Society for Liberty And Modernity who are for peace and against nuclear weapons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work