• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why did castles change over time?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How and why did castles change over time? Introduction In this project I will be telling you how castles changed and why castles changed between 1066 and 1500. I will go through the 5 different castles and how they were attacked, improved and other useful information. I will use pictures and writing to explain. The reason why kings built castles was to protect them and to keep out their enemies. Motte and Bailey The motte and bailey were the first castles to be built in 1066 and William the Conqueror was one of the first to build them in England. Motte and Baileys were built from wood. On the top of the motte (mound) would be a keep where the baron would live. The motte was surrounded by a ditch, a palisade (wooden fence) and had a draw bridge. In the bailey (courtyard) would be some farm buildings and cottages where the servants and animals lived. The best place to build the motte and bailey castle was on a hill, so that you could see for a long way and you was able to fire arrows down at the enemy. ...read more.

Middle

Edward I The round keep was better than the square keep because all round vision was possible, tunnellers couldn't destroy it as it had round corners, the walls were thicker at the base and the towers leant over the wall so objects could be dropped on the enemy.(see plan of keep castle below). At this time siege and powerful long range weapons were made e.g. the mangonel and the trebuchet. The mangonel was a catapult that fired a number of heavy rocks in one go and was powered by the tension of ropes. It was however difficult to aim. (see picture). The trebuchet was very accurate. It fired one heavy rock at a time. The rock was placed on the trebuchet arm which knocked into the rope and sprung off at great speed. (see picture). Siege towers were developed to help attackers climb high walls. The siege tower was covered in thick leather to give protection to the attackers. Heavy battering rams were used to try and destroy the castle walls. One successful method of attack was the siege. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was hard to destroy these castles with the weapons described above. Edward I built many of these castles in Wales at the end of the 13th century. (see picture of Beaumaris castle on Anglesea built in 1295 and the plan of a concentric castle below). Platform Castles King Henry VIII built the last castles in 1500. He built most of them along the English coast as he feared that the French might invade. This castle could not be destroyed by any weapons. It had many defences to withstand gunpowder. It had a very small entrance, the towers were built below the outer walls so that cannon balls would not hit it with power, the walls were 5 metres thick and the clover leaf shape could absorb cannon balls. These castles were very difficult to attack. They were defended by revolving cannons on their roofs. The only disadvantage was these castles were very dark and uncomfortable inside. Examples of this castle are Deal Castle (below),Walmer Castle and Sandown Castle. Conclusion The reason castles changed overtime was because weaponary was getting more advanced so kings had to make stronger and larger castles which would withstand powerful weaponary (especially gunpowder). ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How useful is a visit to the Tudor parts of Hampton Court to find ...

    Henry did this to many palaces going round redesigning the houses and demolishing their old great halls. As stated in source nine and shown in the drawing of the More in source eleven. Nonsuch plan (source 12) shows that there was never a Great Hall built for the palace.

  2. Reichstag Fire

    Stag fire was pre-planned by the Nazis so that their main opponents who were the Communists could be blamed. Therefore, as a conclusion, it can be said that this source is not very reliable seeing the history of the writer of this source who was a person with communist links which could have caused his views to be biased.

  1. What were the motives of the attackers of 9/11

    It also hosts the Dome of the Rock which is one of the holiest Islamic sights. The two sights are just 100 meters apart so it would be impractical to separate the borders. America and the West have been blamed for the increasing success of Israel over Palestine as America

  2. Avro Arrow, The Arrow Project and A.V. Roe LTD.

    Also, the delta wing design of the Arrow was not popular in the 1950's and 60's as defence agencies opted for more stable and maneuverable flight in traditional wing designs as in the CF-100 Canuck and F-106 Voodoo5.

  1. History - Castles Coursework

    Mortimer's tower was made from large blocks of stone which was very hard to attack. The main defensive feature of Mortimer's tower was the arrow loops on the side of the building along with the D-shaped tower which helped to eliminate all dead ground.

  2. How and why did castles change from 1066 to 1550?

    They were not built primarily to defend or to control a local area but built primarily to advertise the power and status of a provincial noble and to demonstrate the strong bond between the King and his nobility. They were seen as a reflection of a more stable and secure

  1. St.David's effect on Christianity in Wales

    that he died on a Tuesday 1 March (now St David's Day). It is generally accepted that this was around 590, and March 1 fell on a Tuesday in 589.The monastery is said to have been "filled with angels as Christ received his soul."

  2. Medieval castles - features and development

    Motte and bailey castles: made of wood quick to put up easy to repair big enough to house soldiers in safety had advantage of height as the castle was built on a motte; the Normans could see the English during the day a motte was a man-made hill you could

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work