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How and why did relations change between the Superpowers between 1963 and 1979?

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How and why did relations change between the Superpowers between 1963 and 1979? Between 1963 and 1979 the relationship between the Superpowers fluctuated between bad and good. In 1963 things were looking up and everyone was optimistic that the relations were moving towards d�tente. However, by 1979 the relationship had descended to be as bad as ever. 1963 was a turning point for both Superpowers. It marked the end of the Cuban Missile Crisis and both countries realised how close they had come to ending the world. Khrushchev and Kennedy did not want to come this close to nuclear war ever again and decided to try and work together to put their differences aside and move towards d�tente. ...read more.


He sent Warsaw Pact troops into Czechoslovakia in 1968 in an attempt to influence and intimidate the Czech Prime Minister, Dubeck. As Czechoslovakia was a Soviet ruled country and Dubeck was allowing personal freedoms that went against communism, Brezhnev sent 20,000 troop in and sacked Dubeck. Johnson felt exactly the same Brezhnev had felt about Vietnam. Between 1968 and 1977 d�tente seemed surprisingly possible again. In 1968 a Nuclear Non-Proliferations Treaty was signed, it meant that the Superpowers were agreeing to not supply nuclear technology to other countries. In 1972 SALT I (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) was signed, this limited the numbers of nuclear missiles. Also in 1972 both sides agreed to begin MBFR (Mutual and Balanced Force Reduction Talks) ...read more.


which worried the USA. Both Superpowers were increasing their weapons, the USSR weapons were set up in the Eastern bloc and NATO retaliated by placing Cruise and Pershing missiles in Europe. Communism leaked into Afghanistan and the USA stopped grain exports to the USSR. All this lead to a collapse in d�tente after years of aiming for it. In just 16 years the relationship between the Superpowers went from optimistic to a collapse to more attempts t co-operation just to collapse again. By 1979 the two countries had got no where in reaching d�tente, the Cold War clearly left its affects behind for many years to come. The main reason for the frequent lapse in d�tente, I think was the appointment of Brezhnev and the USA stopping exports of grain reaching the USSR. ...read more.

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