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How and why did the Alliance System contribute to the outbreak of the First World War?

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Introduction

1. How and why did the Alliance System contribute to the outbreak of the First World War? In 1873, Bismarck, the Chancellor of Germany started a series of alliances with other countries to isolate France, and to prevent her from taking revenge against Germany after her loss in the Franco-Prussian war in 1871. The Alliance System played an important role in leading to the First World War mainly because it divided the European powers into two rival military camps, the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente by 1907. The rivalry between the two camps brought about the First World War. Also, the alliance system turned simple quarrels into complicated conflicts, thus leading directly to the outbreak of the First World War. ...read more.

Middle

For example, Britain and Germany competed in building dreadnoughts. Fifthly, any quarrel between countries within the 2 camps could easily involve all other members of the camps. For example, in the Bosnian Crisis, Germany was supporting Austria, while Russia was on Serbia's side, making the original small quarrel between 2 countries become a larger conflict involving four countries. Also, the nature of the alliances had changed by 1910, compared to before when the alliances were originally strictly defensive. The Dual Alliance was modified that it had become an aggressive alliance after the Bosnian Crisis in 1909, the German government promised to give military aid to Austria, if Austria invaded Serbia and Russia intervened on behalf of the matter. The alliance system led directly to the WWI when it turned the quarrel between Austria and Serbia after the Sarajevo Assassination into a conflict between 7 countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

On Aug 3,Germany declared war on France, Germany invaded France via Belgium, according to the Schlieffen Plan. Britain sent an ultimatum to Germany asking her to stop invading Belgium. Germany refused, so Britain declared war on Germany on Aug 4. It is obvious that the alliance system had caused all together 7 countries (Serbia, Austria, Germany, Russia, France, Belgium, Britain) into conflicts in only a short period of time. In conclusion, the Alliance System was an important cause of the WWI because it divided the European powers into two rival military camps, the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente, that the rivalry between the two camps brought about the war. The alliance system led directly to the outbreak of the WWI when it turned the quarrel between Serbia and Austria into a large conflict with 7 countries involved. ...read more.

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