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'How and Why did the Treaty of Versailles differ from Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points?'

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Introduction

'How and Why did the Treaty of Versailles differ from Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points?' Wilson's fourteen points indicated that what he mainly wanted was peace, justice, harmony and freedom in the world and between all different countries, whereas the Treaty of Versailles showed a different view and dealt with Germany, mainly with how the land was going to used from then on within the world. One of Wilson's points said that he wanted for the wishes and views of the local people who lived in future colonies to be taken into consideration, he wanted for all the land to be returned to their rightful countries for example, Alsace and Lorraine were to be returned to France, he wanted the Germans to leave Belgium and for the other countries to leave the Russian territory. These points were also known as Wilson's idea of national self-determination. However the Treaty of Versailles had other ideas. The terms stated that all of Germany's overseas colonies were to be taken away and put under the rule of the League of Nations, and all the land which Germany had taken away from Russia had now taken back. Some of the land which had been retrieved back from Germany was returned to Russia, and some of it was used to create four new nations - Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia and Poland. ...read more.

Middle

The German force was reduced to nearly nothing, they were allowed an army of 10,000 men and a navy with no more than six battleship. No air force or submarines (U-boats) were allowed at all. So the army had been decreased by quite a bit from 4 million men to just 10,000, this basically just about let them defend their own country. But the point was that the terms meant that the drop in the number of army-men had to be decreased quite severely, as German soldiers used build up the German society - some used to have the same status as business men or maybe even higher- so the military culture had been broken up, as the number in men and weapons had been profoundly shifted. Nevertheless I don't really think that reducing the German military was greatly unfair as they could have been left defenceless, but they weren't, I mean they, the Germans had already shown how they could misuse their weapons by starting the war. The western part of Germany, the Rhineland was also then made into a demilitarised zone where no weapons or soldiers were allowed anywhere near there. The demilitarised zone included all of the land which was west of the River Rhine and an area 50 kilometres wide on the east bank. ...read more.

Conclusion

In fact, I say that the Treaty of Versailles mainly went against nearly most of what Wilson had said that he wanted in his Points. But then again, why should the Treaty have followed what Wilson, the American wanted anyway? After all what did the Americans understand as they hadn't been in the war as long as the countries in the Allied side had, they hadn't suffered as much as the British and especially the French had. Actually, compared to the Allied side it wouldn't seem as if they had suffered at all, they only lost a few thousand men, whereas nearly half of the French army had been wiped out just in that one battle that they had. So one of the reasons why the Treaty of Versailles differed by quite a bit compared to Wilson's Points was because they felt that what Wilson wanted was out of sympathy for the other countries, as he didn't understand what it felt like to be one of those countries at war or in battle, as much. Whilst Wilson looked as if he was trying to sympathise with the other countries, the Allies were looking for revenge on Germany to make them pay back for what they had cost them, their country, their people and their world. History Thursday 16th September 2004 ...read more.

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