• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why did the Tsarist regime survive the 1905 revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How and why did the Tsarist regime survive the 1905 revolution? First of all to understand how the Tsarist regime survived in 1905 it is necessary to answer the question what happened in 1905. Then it is possible to see how the Tsar combated these problems. In the years before 1905 there was increasing social turmoil caused by rapid industrialisation: There was no legal way of expressing political views (no Parliament), there was a discontented and oppressed working class, and a desperate and poverty stricken peasantry. The middle classes were discontent because of the absence of a political voice for the vast population. The peasants were poor because they owned no land for themselves and of poor harvests and heavy taxing by the Tsar to pay for industrialisation. The working classes had to work in very poor working conditions, for very long hours and for very little pay. Therefore most sectors of Russian society were in opposition to the state. Only the gentry, the state-dependant industrialists and the army supported the regime. It is not surprising, therefore, that three illegal, political parties stemmed from the situation. One such party was the Social Democrats (1895), which followed the teachings of Marx, believing in a proletarian revolution. ...read more.

Middle

example the mutiny on the battleship Potemkin in June), as well as further opposition to the Tsar and the system he stood for; especially by the Union of Liberation and the national minorities. The peasants had had a great deal of respect for the Tsar. The Tsar was the leader of their church and he was a father like figure for them. After the Bloody Sunday incident this image of him was shattered. Even though the Tsar was not present at the Winter Palace, the people believed he was and that he had given the order to fire upon them. Political activity increased dramatically: the Bolsheviks were too small to cause any serious trouble and the Mensheviks believed that this bourgeois revolution had to occur so did not try to interfere by attempting a socialist revolution. In April the Zemstvo council called for universal male suffrage and for an election of a constituent assembly. The Union of Unions was formed on May 8 under the chairmanship of Miliukov. On 22 July the union of peasants encouraged the seizure of land. The Bulygin Duma was announced on August 6, but the Tsar was not obliged to consult this. ...read more.

Conclusion

The voting system was unbalanced where 1 gentry vote was equal to 45 worker votes or 15 peasant votes. Also the Tsar had a state council whose members he chose. This state council could veto any legislation. So the only power the Duma had was rejecting or accepting legislation. When the Duma rejected the Tsars legislation, he dissolved the Duma. The Tsar did this twice in one year, and he made reforms to the October Manifesto meaning that the Dumas were filled with his own aristocratic supporters (union of Russian people). As a result of this The Tsar finally got the Duma he had wanted, a quiet one, one that would agree with him. The Tsars timely reforms along with his new Minister's Zero tolerance policy toward revolutionaries, Stolypins use of Court marshals on civilians and the noose (which became known as the Stolypin neck tie) resulted in the revolutions end in 1906. The Tsar had survived the revolution of 1905 thanks to Witte's Timely reforms and Stolypin's 'Carrot and stick' approach, He was harsh on revolutionaries using the Stolypin Neck tie and then later much easier on the people, giving them reforms. The Tsar survived thanks to the quick thinking of his ministers and the loyalty of his army. Ben Jonathan Martin Page 1 of 3 How and why did the Tsarist regime survive the 1905 revolution? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    was in fact controlling Russia. This is why the cartoon shows this - because the opposition want to stir up discontent for the Tsar and his regime.

  2. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    This resulted in factories moving into city areas . Due to the giant move into city areas , the wealthy had purchased up to an acre or more of land and built closely packed houses on narrow streets . Most of the houses were terraced .The majority of the homes

  1. Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905, but not that of 1917?

    Or discontent fuelled by the horrors of a war yet to come."4 The peasants were still unhappy, as no serious attempt was made to share out land, regardless of Stolypin's reforms. The Tzar began to break the promises he made in the October Manifesto.

  2. Purges and Hysteria in the Soviet Union

    numbering more than a thousand a day, in the presence of Molotov. Survivors Prepare for National Defence Counts of the number of people who were purged vary. The Russian historian Roy Medvedev has written of reliable Soviet records indicating 1,116 having been sentenced to death in 1936, and 353,680 in 1937.

  1. How far did the 1905 revolution weaken then Tsarist regime?

    The consequence of this was that, although many peasants still loved the Tsar, they opposed his government. At the end of the 19th Century, over 36 million Russians were threatened with starvation due to the famine of this time, and the government appeared to be doing nothing to rectify the situation.

  2. "Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905 but not that of March ...

    Land reforms brought economic and social change to Russia. The chief minister, Stolypin, aimed at increasing food production and put an end to the food shortage. He encouraged rich peasants, also known as Kulaks, to buy up land from poorer peasants and to put an end to strip farming.

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    Lenin and the Bolsheviks had made it abundantly clear that if the revolution was not spread to the West, they would be doomed. On the 7th March 1918, Lenin weighed up the situation: "Regarded from the world-historical point of view, there would doubtlessly be no hope of the ultimate victory

  2. Free essay

    Fall of Tsarist Regime was to be Expected

    At that point in time, the Tsarina was being greatly influenced by Rasputin, a witch doctor who seemed to be the only one who could cure the Tsarina's son Alexandra. Hence, the Tsarina probably felt that Rasputin was an overly smart man and one who ought to be treated with divine respect.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work