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How and why did the Tsarist regime survive the 1905 revolution?

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Introduction

How and why did the Tsarist regime survive the 1905 revolution? First of all to understand how the Tsarist regime survived in 1905 it is necessary to answer the question what happened in 1905. Then it is possible to see how the Tsar combated these problems. In the years before 1905 there was increasing social turmoil caused by rapid industrialisation: There was no legal way of expressing political views (no Parliament), there was a discontented and oppressed working class, and a desperate and poverty stricken peasantry. The middle classes were discontent because of the absence of a political voice for the vast population. The peasants were poor because they owned no land for themselves and of poor harvests and heavy taxing by the Tsar to pay for industrialisation. The working classes had to work in very poor working conditions, for very long hours and for very little pay. Therefore most sectors of Russian society were in opposition to the state. Only the gentry, the state-dependant industrialists and the army supported the regime. It is not surprising, therefore, that three illegal, political parties stemmed from the situation. One such party was the Social Democrats (1895), which followed the teachings of Marx, believing in a proletarian revolution. ...read more.

Middle

example the mutiny on the battleship Potemkin in June), as well as further opposition to the Tsar and the system he stood for; especially by the Union of Liberation and the national minorities. The peasants had had a great deal of respect for the Tsar. The Tsar was the leader of their church and he was a father like figure for them. After the Bloody Sunday incident this image of him was shattered. Even though the Tsar was not present at the Winter Palace, the people believed he was and that he had given the order to fire upon them. Political activity increased dramatically: the Bolsheviks were too small to cause any serious trouble and the Mensheviks believed that this bourgeois revolution had to occur so did not try to interfere by attempting a socialist revolution. In April the Zemstvo council called for universal male suffrage and for an election of a constituent assembly. The Union of Unions was formed on May 8 under the chairmanship of Miliukov. On 22 July the union of peasants encouraged the seizure of land. The Bulygin Duma was announced on August 6, but the Tsar was not obliged to consult this. ...read more.

Conclusion

The voting system was unbalanced where 1 gentry vote was equal to 45 worker votes or 15 peasant votes. Also the Tsar had a state council whose members he chose. This state council could veto any legislation. So the only power the Duma had was rejecting or accepting legislation. When the Duma rejected the Tsars legislation, he dissolved the Duma. The Tsar did this twice in one year, and he made reforms to the October Manifesto meaning that the Dumas were filled with his own aristocratic supporters (union of Russian people). As a result of this The Tsar finally got the Duma he had wanted, a quiet one, one that would agree with him. The Tsars timely reforms along with his new Minister's Zero tolerance policy toward revolutionaries, Stolypins use of Court marshals on civilians and the noose (which became known as the Stolypin neck tie) resulted in the revolutions end in 1906. The Tsar had survived the revolution of 1905 thanks to Witte's Timely reforms and Stolypin's 'Carrot and stick' approach, He was harsh on revolutionaries using the Stolypin Neck tie and then later much easier on the people, giving them reforms. The Tsar survived thanks to the quick thinking of his ministers and the loyalty of his army. Ben Jonathan Martin Page 1 of 3 How and why did the Tsarist regime survive the 1905 revolution? ...read more.

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