• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why has Windsor Castle developed since 1080?

Extracts from this document...


Windsor Castle Coursework. "How and why has Windsor Castle developed since 1080? Explain your answer with reference to historical influences that have shaped the castle." Windsor Castle is over 900 years old and is the oldest and largest inhabited castle in the world. Windsor has changed a great deal over that period of time, from a wooden Motte and Bailey castle, to a medieval fortress, to the world famous tourist attraction and home to the royal family that it is today. In this essay I will look at the ways in which Windsor Castle has developed and changed over the last 9 centuries. Historians believe that Windsor Castle was built around the year 1080, over 900 years ago, when William the conqueror was in power. William was a French man, and won the throne and became King of England by wining the famous battle of Hastings. He built Windsor Castle originally as a Motte and Bailey castle. Motte and Bailey castles were very simple; wooden keeps built on an earth mounds that were surrounded at the base with an area that armies could live in. Source A shows a Motte and Bailey castle and its various parts. Motte and Bailey's had advantages and disadvantages, on one side they were quick and easy to build and the materials used to build them were also cheap and widely available. ...read more.


He also built St Georges chapel, which is the place of worship at Windsor Castle which is now a memorial to King............................................. Henry VIII added 'murder holes' to the Norman Gateway during his reign. Murder holes are holes in the ceiling of a gateway or passage way (in this case a gateway) through which defenders could fire weapons, or pour dangerous substances, boiling oil was a favourite, onto their attackers. They could also throw rocks, shoot arrows, or pour heated sand/water down on their enemies' heads. During the 17th Century civil war broke out in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists. During the war Windsor Castle was used as a jail by the Parliamentarians. The castle was captured by Oliver Cromwell after the battle of Edgehill in 1642 and was the Parliamentarian Headquarters as well as a prison until the end of the war. After his father Charles I was executed following being held at Windsor Charles II decided to change the castle, by making it as lavish as possible. He changed it to a baroque palace; baroque is a style of art and music, a baroque palace is fantastically over decorated, ornate, using irregular shapes etc, it is also often described as 'gothic' style. By the 19th Century and the reign of George IV there was no warfare at all. ...read more.


the Parliamentarians and the Royalists, Windsor was changed twice more, to a baroque palace by Charles II then to a fairytale castle by George IV, these changes are political because as the Kings changed so did the castle as they wanted different things, some wanted a defensive castle while others wanted a lavish place to live , A social change is a change that happened to do with society / people and example of this is the reason why William built the castle in the first place; to stop them revolting, Windsor was also changed because Charles I was beheaded there, this still effects the castle today as there are many kings & queens buried there, adding to the things that people come to see. Finally some examples of technological changes are Windsor being changed to stone (as well as a political change) as it went from being wooden to stone, Henry VIII added murder holes to the Norman gateway, George IV added the cone shaped roof and the rectangular tower being changed to what it now. Windsor castle has undergone many changes over the nearly 1000 years since its construction, from a Motte & Bailey, to a stone keep from a prison to a fairytale castle as now a partial royal residency and world famous tourist attraction. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ellen McGachy 11EC. History Coursework. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Was Cromwell a Hero or a Villain?

    Many other sites supported the same sort of ideas. And so Cromwell's actions have caused him both a good and a bad name by many of the people that have learnt about him or even experienced the situation at the time. Below there is a summary to help get a clearer idea of what has happened.

  2. How useful is a visit to the Tudor parts of Hampton Court to find ...

    This way King Henry was closer to God while having mass. Many people tried to get Henry to sign papers here as it was the only time when anyone knew where the King was. Henry came to the chapel at least once a day and therefore it was the perfect time to find him and ask him to sign papers.

  1. History - Castles Coursework

    Because of this reason I feel this source is reliable is because the school text book would not want to give school children wrong information. Also source 2 supports source 1 as it also says that many castles were built by the Normans these two sources agree with each other

  2. How And Why Has Dover Castle Changed Since The Roman Period?

    Most of the medieval castle still stands aswell as the Roman lighthouse and Saxon church. Features of Dover Castle The most famous building at Dover is the Great Keep of Henry II. But this isn't the oldest - The Roman Pharos is.

  1. How far does the site of Warwick Castle and the supporting sources help you ...

    If we were to cross-reference this source with the primary source G, we can see that both of these sources tell us similar information and therefore back each other up. And finally, all of the secondary sources two, four, five and nine all concentrate on the ways in which the

  2. Was Oliver Cromwell a villain?

    This is because they were owed wages and also wanted the result that they had been fighting for. The army overshadowed Cromwell over all decisions to do with Charles's trial and this may have influenced his decisions. To conclude, I agree with the statement to some extent but I also

  1. Death of King Charles

    Some people fainted whilst others cheered and clapped. Then people came up to the place he was executed and started dipping their hands and their handkerchiefs into his blood believing they will get luck and get the royal blood. Conclusion Finally i think the king should have been executed. This is because he put many lives in misery.

  2. The Royal Pavilion

    Other modern technologies used within the Pavilion was gas lighting, as well as candles and oil lamps, which was another discovery of the Industrial Revolution and were mainly used on the exterior. It is fair to say that much of the technology was ahead of it's time and a lot of it was for showing off purposes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work