• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why has Windsor Castle developed since 1080?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Windsor Castle Coursework. "How and why has Windsor Castle developed since 1080? Explain your answer with reference to historical influences that have shaped the castle." Windsor Castle is over 900 years old and is the oldest and largest inhabited castle in the world. Windsor has changed a great deal over that period of time, from a wooden Motte and Bailey castle, to a medieval fortress, to the world famous tourist attraction and home to the royal family that it is today. In this essay I will look at the ways in which Windsor Castle has developed and changed over the last 9 centuries. Historians believe that Windsor Castle was built around the year 1080, over 900 years ago, when William the conqueror was in power. William was a French man, and won the throne and became King of England by wining the famous battle of Hastings. He built Windsor Castle originally as a Motte and Bailey castle. Motte and Bailey castles were very simple; wooden keeps built on an earth mounds that were surrounded at the base with an area that armies could live in. Source A shows a Motte and Bailey castle and its various parts. Motte and Bailey's had advantages and disadvantages, on one side they were quick and easy to build and the materials used to build them were also cheap and widely available. ...read more.

Middle

He also built St Georges chapel, which is the place of worship at Windsor Castle which is now a memorial to King............................................. Henry VIII added 'murder holes' to the Norman Gateway during his reign. Murder holes are holes in the ceiling of a gateway or passage way (in this case a gateway) through which defenders could fire weapons, or pour dangerous substances, boiling oil was a favourite, onto their attackers. They could also throw rocks, shoot arrows, or pour heated sand/water down on their enemies' heads. During the 17th Century civil war broke out in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists. During the war Windsor Castle was used as a jail by the Parliamentarians. The castle was captured by Oliver Cromwell after the battle of Edgehill in 1642 and was the Parliamentarian Headquarters as well as a prison until the end of the war. After his father Charles I was executed following being held at Windsor Charles II decided to change the castle, by making it as lavish as possible. He changed it to a baroque palace; baroque is a style of art and music, a baroque palace is fantastically over decorated, ornate, using irregular shapes etc, it is also often described as 'gothic' style. By the 19th Century and the reign of George IV there was no warfare at all. ...read more.

Conclusion

the Parliamentarians and the Royalists, Windsor was changed twice more, to a baroque palace by Charles II then to a fairytale castle by George IV, these changes are political because as the Kings changed so did the castle as they wanted different things, some wanted a defensive castle while others wanted a lavish place to live , A social change is a change that happened to do with society / people and example of this is the reason why William built the castle in the first place; to stop them revolting, Windsor was also changed because Charles I was beheaded there, this still effects the castle today as there are many kings & queens buried there, adding to the things that people come to see. Finally some examples of technological changes are Windsor being changed to stone (as well as a political change) as it went from being wooden to stone, Henry VIII added murder holes to the Norman gateway, George IV added the cone shaped roof and the rectangular tower being changed to what it now. Windsor castle has undergone many changes over the nearly 1000 years since its construction, from a Motte & Bailey, to a stone keep from a prison to a fairytale castle as now a partial royal residency and world famous tourist attraction. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ellen McGachy 11EC. History Coursework. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How And Why Has Dover Castle Changed Since The Roman Period?

    These were abandoned in 1984. Present Day: The castle is now used as a museum for educational and leisurable visits. Two out of the three wartime tunnels are open to the public; the annexe level is still to have work done to make it safe.

  2. Was Cromwell a Hero or a Villain?

    Therefore, this can be classified overall, as an extremely reliable source. And finally, the least important but somewhat relevant of points, is bedtime stories. Bedtime stories? How on earth is that associated with Cromwell? Well, in actual fact, he was.

  1. History - Castles Coursework

    I have used source 1, which is a map of Britain with all Norman castles that have been built between 1066-1088 shown on it. The source was very good in telling me that many castles around England were built by the Normans as they had Norman arches and rectangular keeps.

  2. Battlefields Coursework

    Places like Vimy Ridge, Tyncot and Delville Wood are both shockingly white coloured, and set, as they, are, against a green background they can be seen for miles. Meningate is grey, blending into the surrounding city, just as Essex Farm is grey, blending into the bleak countryside.

  1. How useful is a visit to the Tudor parts of Hampton Court to find ...

    His royal motto 'Dieu et Mon Droit' placed in several places round the chapel ceiling painted in gold. Today it shows how richly decorated the rest of the palace must have been. Outside the chapel stands the kings coat of arms again with his royal motto placed upon it.

  2. Race Relations in the US since 1954

    They had sold this story to Look magazine for $4000. James Byrd's case was also engaged with the press. On the other hand, many contrasts are present between the two cases. The first - possibly most important - difference is the date.

  1. Ludlow Castle Coursework.

    It also contains 3 murder holes which are essential as if the enemy had somehow gotten in, they would have been able to scold them with boiling oil or they would throw out arrows at them.

  2. Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain?

    Secondly, the Victorian period (1837 ? 1901) was completely different to the previous time as Cromwell was a hero, an idle to many of the people. They thought he made England a fairer, Stronger, wealthier and a more religious country.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work