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How did Appeasement lead to the outbreak of the Second World War ? The First and Second World Wars are considered two of the defining events of the 20th century

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Introduction

How did Appeasement lead to the outbreak of the Second World War ? The First and Second World Wars are considered two of the defining events of the 20th century. But when looked at in detail, and with such historical distance, how will these two events be perceived? I think it possible that the two wars were interconnected that really there was a "new Thirty Years War," and that World War Two really just grew out of the unsolved problems of World War One. The evidence seems to show that WWI was the catalyst (what broke it down) for the Second - and the unsuccessful solutions of the Treaty of Versailles and the short-sighted failure of the Great Allies (Britain and France). They didn't act quickly enough. The unsolved problems and the unwillingness of the Allies to address the issues of WWI made a second war unavoidable. The inter war years were just a break before the countries returned to complete what had not been finished. The countries were able to have a rest and recover. Churchill once told Roosevelt that he thought WWII should be called, "The Unnecessary War."; why have a second one when they could have finished them off in the first. He also said, "There never was a war more easy to stop than that which has just wrecked what was left for the world from the previous struggle." ...read more.

Middle

Hitler now had confidence that he could take over all the other areas that were restricted from his reach. This included the Sudentenland. Sudentenland was the outskirts of Czechoslovakia the border from Germany. In September 1938 since the Sudentenland spoke German and once once part of Germany before the First world war Hitler felt that it should be once again joined to Germany. This caused great international tension so much so that the heads of the governments of Germany, Britain, France,and Italy met in Munich on 29th September 1938. Although Britain had said in the past that they would help the Czechs when in trouble, Chamberlain believed that the best way was to except it and just be thankful that there would be no war starting. Chamberlain also said that he didn't want to start a war over such a small thing so far away "the war is a fearful thing, why should we be trying on gas masks for a war so far away". Because of Britain's disloyalty Britain had lost one of the best armies in Europe's support the Czechs. So in the Munich meeting all countries Adolf Hitler (Germany), Neville Chamberlain (Britain), Edouard Daladier (Italy), and Benito Mussolini (France) signed and agreement handing over the Sudentenland to Germany. Now relied on the fact that he could get away with anything he wanted, like the rest of Czechoslovakia! ...read more.

Conclusion

Which he knew was almost impossible for his recovering country, with few jobs and poor earnings. Some say he tried his best to get out of a war with a country that wanted nothing but war; others say he was blind and stupid in trying to deal with Nazi Germany. Through the takeover of Austria, the Munich crisis and eventually the invasion of Poland, England's prime minister, Neville Chamberlain attempted to negotiate with the obsessed Adolf Hitler. But I also strongly believe that if the problems from the First World War had been solved earlier on it would never have come to the Second World War ; it was just the clean up from what was left in 1918. Also, if countries who made pacts and were in the League of Nations (a society against war) had done what their organisation was set up to do, they could have stopped Germany long before it came to things like the rejoining of Austria and Germany. Yet another to be learned from history. When countries become allies or make treaties, they need to stick to them because if they do not, they are just pieces of paper that no one takes seriously. Maybe this disloyalty is why countries are in such a bad way now. So it could be said that the idea of appeasement was a good political decision for the time; it gave Britain time to re-cooperate. But on the other hand it could be said that Chamberlain's appeasement just fed Hitler's greed for more until there was no more to be given. ...read more.

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