• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Appeasement lead to the outbreak of the Second World War ? The First and Second World Wars are considered two of the defining events of the 20th century

Extracts from this document...


How did Appeasement lead to the outbreak of the Second World War ? The First and Second World Wars are considered two of the defining events of the 20th century. But when looked at in detail, and with such historical distance, how will these two events be perceived? I think it possible that the two wars were interconnected that really there was a "new Thirty Years War," and that World War Two really just grew out of the unsolved problems of World War One. The evidence seems to show that WWI was the catalyst (what broke it down) for the Second - and the unsuccessful solutions of the Treaty of Versailles and the short-sighted failure of the Great Allies (Britain and France). They didn't act quickly enough. The unsolved problems and the unwillingness of the Allies to address the issues of WWI made a second war unavoidable. The inter war years were just a break before the countries returned to complete what had not been finished. The countries were able to have a rest and recover. Churchill once told Roosevelt that he thought WWII should be called, "The Unnecessary War."; why have a second one when they could have finished them off in the first. He also said, "There never was a war more easy to stop than that which has just wrecked what was left for the world from the previous struggle." ...read more.


Hitler now had confidence that he could take over all the other areas that were restricted from his reach. This included the Sudentenland. Sudentenland was the outskirts of Czechoslovakia the border from Germany. In September 1938 since the Sudentenland spoke German and once once part of Germany before the First world war Hitler felt that it should be once again joined to Germany. This caused great international tension so much so that the heads of the governments of Germany, Britain, France,and Italy met in Munich on 29th September 1938. Although Britain had said in the past that they would help the Czechs when in trouble, Chamberlain believed that the best way was to except it and just be thankful that there would be no war starting. Chamberlain also said that he didn't want to start a war over such a small thing so far away "the war is a fearful thing, why should we be trying on gas masks for a war so far away". Because of Britain's disloyalty Britain had lost one of the best armies in Europe's support the Czechs. So in the Munich meeting all countries Adolf Hitler (Germany), Neville Chamberlain (Britain), Edouard Daladier (Italy), and Benito Mussolini (France) signed and agreement handing over the Sudentenland to Germany. Now relied on the fact that he could get away with anything he wanted, like the rest of Czechoslovakia! ...read more.


Which he knew was almost impossible for his recovering country, with few jobs and poor earnings. Some say he tried his best to get out of a war with a country that wanted nothing but war; others say he was blind and stupid in trying to deal with Nazi Germany. Through the takeover of Austria, the Munich crisis and eventually the invasion of Poland, England's prime minister, Neville Chamberlain attempted to negotiate with the obsessed Adolf Hitler. But I also strongly believe that if the problems from the First World War had been solved earlier on it would never have come to the Second World War ; it was just the clean up from what was left in 1918. Also, if countries who made pacts and were in the League of Nations (a society against war) had done what their organisation was set up to do, they could have stopped Germany long before it came to things like the rejoining of Austria and Germany. Yet another to be learned from history. When countries become allies or make treaties, they need to stick to them because if they do not, they are just pieces of paper that no one takes seriously. Maybe this disloyalty is why countries are in such a bad way now. So it could be said that the idea of appeasement was a good political decision for the time; it gave Britain time to re-cooperate. But on the other hand it could be said that Chamberlain's appeasement just fed Hitler's greed for more until there was no more to be given. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Germany's resonsibility in WWI and WWII

    intention to rearm in that year; he started a rearmament programme, based on national conscription to more than 50,000 armies and the formation of a German air force. In March, 1936, Hitler sent the German troops into the Rhineland. This was a violation of the Treaty of Versailles as the Eastern and Western banks of Rhineland had been demilitarised.

  2. Was the policy of appeasement the most important reason for the outbreak of the ...

    Germany had been blamed for starting the First World War, the Germans had to pay the high reparations and its economy was in ruins with many without jobs. The German people by 1933 were willing to follow anyone who promised a better life and to get rid of the Treaty of Versailles and so they followed Hitler.

  1. How far was HItler to blame for the second world war?

    At the time France and Britain and America are still all allies but only France and Britain have agreed to go to war if it breaks out. And although Russia was in the alliance aswell, last time in World War 1 but came out due to casualties, are not in the alliance because the country had turned communised.

  2. To what extent can it be argued that appeasement was the cause of the ...

    weak British presence in Europe and with the weakness of Britain's military, it enhances the motivation for Britain to follow the policy of appeasement. As the public and political parties were all against rearmament and meant that the only viable solution was to pursue the policy of appeasement.

  1. Germany was solely responsible for the outbreak of World War II - Discuss.

    be regarded as foreign policy objectives because at the time Hitler was not a politician and probably never thought he would actually come into power. He also notes that 7we should judge his foreign policy after 1933 in the light of circumstances at the time he directed it, and disconnect it from its supposed ideological origins in Mein Kampf.

  2. What Were the Reasons For the Outbreak of the Second World War?

    They ordered Japanese forces to withdraw, but were ignored. There was very little they could do if they were being ignored, and they had been exposed as being powerless to intervene if the offending nation was determined enough. After the League commissioned the Lytton Report, Japan simply ignored the report and left the League.

  1. To What Extent was British Appeasement to Germany in the Interwar Period Justified?

    Empire and the moral support of neutrals."9 Anti-appeasement attitudes are reflected by R.J.Q. Adams in British Politics and Foreign Policy in the Age of Appeasement, though the factual information is consistent with other sources, including Darby's. The French overestimated the size of the German forces invading the Rhineland.

  2. Were the Great Powers ready for war in 1914?

    This did not go unnoticed and by 1914 Germany's army was estimated to around 2 million. Germany believed that the navy also plays an important part and Tirpitz, the head of the German navy, believed that Germany couldn't be seen as a world power without a strong navy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work