• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did British governments deal with demands for Indian independence?For years the British tried to ignore Indian nationalism, having apparently convinced themselves

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

(b) How did British governments deal with demands for Indian independence? For years the British tried to ignore Indian nationalism, having apparently convinced themselves that there were too many differences in Indian society for the Indians ever to form a united movement; there were social, regional and above all, religious differences especially between Hindus and Muslims. However, during the war, Hindus and Muslims began to work together to pressurize the British, who were slowly coming round to the idea that India would have to be given a measure of self In 1917 the Indians were promised 'the gradual development of self institutions with a view to the progressive realization of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British Empire'. ...read more.

Middle

and Lord Chelmsford (Viceroy) put forward plans which eventually became the Government of India Act (1919). There was to he a national parliament with two houses; about five million of the wealthiest Indians were given the vote; in the provincial governments the ministers of health, education and public works could now be Indians ; a commission would be held ten years later to decide whether India was ready for further concessions. Congress was bitterly disappointed because, although the new parliament had some powers, the really important decisions were still taken by the governor-general the British also kept control of the key provincial ministries such as law and order and taxation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Irwin was convinced that negotiations must take place, and he was fully supported in this view by Ramsay MacDonald who had just become Prime Minister. Consequently two Round Table Conferences were held in London (1930 and 1931). The first was unsatisfactory because, although the Indian princes were represented and accepted the idea of an Indian federation, no Congress representatives were there, because most of them were in prison. Irwin had them released and prevailed upon Gandhi to travel to London to attend the second conference, much to the horror of Churchill, who refused to meet him and described him as 'this malignant and subversive fanatic'. Again little progress was made, this time because of disagreements about Muslim representation in an independent Indian parliament. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    There were a number of medium term causes leading up to the partition and independence of India. The first of these was the Morley Minto reforms of 1909. It was established after the setting up of the Congress Party in 1885 and the Muslim League to defend Hindu interests.

  2. The Halifax Explosion of 1917

    The catastrophe was partly attributed to the fact that the Mont Blanc failed to fly a red flag showing that it was carrying munitions, so as not to become a target to enemy naval ships.

  1. History: India Independence Coursework

    Source C supports source B by showing how India wanted to get rid of the British-rule. A weakness of source C is that, we don't know the exact date of when Jinnah made the statement or who he was talking to.

  2. Write a commentry/analysis on Andrew Jackson's 1835 document on Indian removal.

    zealot who fully shared the biases and rapacity." (pg.318/9: VIII) of the white American expansionists and settlers. In the document of 1835, Jackson maintained that it was through the "... knowledge... gained" of the Indians "...character and habits"(pg.215 VII.) that removal was the best course of action.

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    'Roosevelt was the first president to master the technique of reaching the people directly over the radio. In his fireside chats he talked like a father discussing public affairs with his family in the living room. As he spoke he seemed unconscious of the fact that he was addressing millions.'

  2. Explain the features of the New Deal.

    (to provide unemployment insurance, old age pensions and to help the sick) and the relief of poverty (to stop the people losing their jobs and property, and to feed the starving). Next was the help given to industry. To do this they introduced two acts/agencies.

  1. Explain whether the work of Gandhi during the years 1918-1937 made independence for India ...

    Gandhi's ideas of swaraj, (self-rule) came about as he thought that his people had fallen victim to Western ideology and need to return to simple village life. The I.N.C believed India should gain dominion status, an independent country within an empire, like Canada.

  2. Indian Independence (IS)

    Besides borrowing money and using troops from India, Britain also slightly increased taxes collected in India to help finance the war. The fact every person in India had to pay taxes, shows that everyone in India had contributed to the war effort and had helped Britain significantly during the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work