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How did Hitler become a dictator?

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Introduction

How did Hitler become a dictator? There are many factors that allowed Hitler to seize power in 1934. One reason was the Munich Putsch, which put Hitler in jail and allowed him to write "Mein Kampf" and the 25-point programme, which helped him to win votes. Another reason was the Wall Street crash, which caused another depression in Germany, which made people vote for the Nazi party. Another reason Hitler was able to come into power was the Reichstag fire, which the Nazis blamed on a communist and this affected the 1933 Election in their favour. The fire also allowed Hitler to pass the "Enabling act", which basically meant that no one could oppose him and Germany had to do what he said without question. To aid this un-challenged state, Hitler killed a lot of members of the SA, who up until then had been a branch of the Nazi party. But they had socialist views, which were getting in the way of Hitler having ultimate power as a dictator. Finally President Hindenburg died and this allowed Hitler to seize total control of Germany. ...read more.

Middle

He appealed to the aristocrats, as they also feared communism. Hitler also promised re-armament, which was what they wanted. The 25-point programme also appealed to the middle class who wanted law and order - Hitler promised to give them this. They also feared communism. Lastly Hitler appealed to the working class, as there was a mass unemployment in Germany, Hitler promised to end this and provide jobs. The next reason that Hitler was able to come into power was the Wall Street crash. This helped Hitler come into power as it caused another depression in Germany, which the government was not able to solve. Because America was now in an economic crisis, it was demanding back loans that had previously been lent to Germany in order to try and solve this. This was a problem for Germany as it had been using these loans to re-build its economy and more importantly to pay of reparations from WW1 to France and Britain, which they were still demanding back and Germany was unable to pay them. This depression helped Hitler come into power as in extreme times; people are more likely to turn to extreme politics when the current government can't solve the problem. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the "Night of the Long Knives", Hitler used the SS (a military branch of the Nazi party who were loyal personally to Hitler) to kill 200 members of the SA, including its leader Ernst Rohm. He did this because the SA had a lot of socialist views and wanted the SA and the army to come together with Ernst Rohm as leader. Neither Hitler, President Hindenburg or the army wanted this as the SA's socialist views were completely against Hitler ruling Germany in a dictatorship. By using the SS to kill members of the SA, Hitler appeased Hindenburg and the army and sent a message to others who may have thought of challenging him. Then President Hindenburg died of old age. This allowed Hitler to take over as Supreme leader (the F�hrer) of Germany. On the 2nd of August 1934 the entire army swore an oath of personal loyalty to Hitler and he began his dictatorship. In my opinion the Wall Street crash was the most important reason for Hitler coming into power. This is because if this hadn't happened, Germany would still have been able to recover economically and there would have been no depression and therefore no need for extreme politics to solve the situation. Frances Wood ...read more.

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