• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Hitler become Chancellor?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did Hitler become Chancellor? On 30th January 1933 Adolf Hitler was appointed as chancellor of Germany. Some people argue that this was due to his huge public support. However, although important, it was not the main cause for Hitler being appointed as Chancellor. Political circumstances and the fact that Hitler was grossly underestimated by other politicians proved to be the crucial factors in Hitler's appointment to power in 1933. In 1929 came the 'Wall Street crash' which proved to hit the whole world hard. However, for Germany the affects were disastrous. Although Germany had appeared to be a nation on its way back up in economic status, the 'wall street crash' illustrated just how fragile the German economy still was. Germany had taken foreign loans and investments, however these were withdrawn after the crash. This led directly to a mass of unemployment in Germany as prices and wages dropped. Between 1928 and 1933 unemployment grew from 1.3 million to 6.1 million. ...read more.

Middle

The Nazi party attempted to make itself a 'catch-all' party so that they could attract people from all walks of life. Their use of propaganda proved very useful in achieving this and was very successful in most areas but still some people were more committed to the Nazis than others. The Nazis were most popular in rural areas amongst the Protestants and ex-servicemen and this popularity reflected strongly in the elections. In the two years between 1928 and 1930 the number of seats won by them rose from 12 to 107 which is a massive proportion of all votes. However, as true as all this is Hitler could not have become chancellor by popularity alone. There was only one way in which he could become chancellor and this was for him to be appointed by the president, Hindenburg. Hitler was disliked by Hindenburg, yet his masses of followers meant that he could now not just be ignored. ...read more.

Conclusion

Papen, who had been Chancellor in early 1932 and had a lot of influence over Hindenburg, felt like many others that Hitler would be easily manipulated. But he also knew that he would only form government if he was Chancellor and so he managed to persuade Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor and so it could be said that were it not for Papen's underestimation of Hitler then it is unlikely that Hitler would ever have been appointed as Chancellor. So Hitler had an enormous amount of public support and was the leader of the largest and most popular political party in the Reichstag. As significant as these may have been they were not the real reasons as to why Hitler became Chancellor. So the most important factor in Hitler's appointment as Chancellor and the main reason for him being given this position was that those with the power to appoint him underestimated his bid for power and felt that they would be able to benefit from his appointment. Niall Hayes ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    Even under these circumstances propaganda was able to persuade the majority of the public that war was unavoidable and that it had been forced on the Government (Welch, Nazi Propaganda, 1983, p.186). When considering propaganda in terms of exploiting foreign policy successes one cannot ignore the fact that whilst propaganda

  2. adolf hitler

    Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (1925) The masses find it difficult to understand politics, their intelligence is small. Therefore all effective propaganda must be limited to a very few points. The masses will only remember only the simplest ideas repeated a thousand times over.

  1. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    The depression also occurred at a time when people felt that the boom of 1924 would continue. Citizens were promised that Germany would get better and grow to become even more stable and powerful, when suddenly the opposite happened and Germany was thrown into a depression.

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    Hitler built up the Nazi party so that he was the unquestioned leader, but many Nazi members had fought in the First World War like Hitler himself, and so also brought obedience, organisation and teamwork to the party. The various social groups within the Nazi party included skilled workers, businessmen, lower employees, unskilled workers, farmers, students and professionals.

  1. Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933?

    The success of Jewish businesses worried some Germans too, and Hitler's anti-Jewish propaganda fuelled this fear. This was in line with Hitler's ideal of an Aryan super race, which he believed Jews were purposely trying to infiltrate to destroy it.

  2. How did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany in 1933?

    They just wanted a new government and leader who could help Germany from the great Depression. Nonetheless no one reason can explain why Hitler gained power in Germany in 1933. Many of the reasons are inter-linked. The Depression led to high unemployment because factories had closed down, and farmers and many businessmen could not sell their goods.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    As a result, when the Depression struck, German citizens naturally thought that their county was doomed. The Weimar Republic appeared to have no apprehension of how to deal with the problems of unemployment and poverty that faced the economy. The tried exceedingly hard to redeem Germany, however with little attainment.

  2. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as chancellor?

    They didn't like to be stopped from working together. As well as respecting Austria's independence, Germany had to respect Poland's. Along with this, land was given to Poland from Germany, which Germany could never take back. Germany also lost her rights for trading overseas with places like, China. Along with this, Germany lost all her military power.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work