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How did Hitler become Chancellor?

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Introduction

How did Hitler become Chancellor? On 30th January 1933 Adolf Hitler was appointed as chancellor of Germany. Some people argue that this was due to his huge public support. However, although important, it was not the main cause for Hitler being appointed as Chancellor. Political circumstances and the fact that Hitler was grossly underestimated by other politicians proved to be the crucial factors in Hitler's appointment to power in 1933. In 1929 came the 'Wall Street crash' which proved to hit the whole world hard. However, for Germany the affects were disastrous. Although Germany had appeared to be a nation on its way back up in economic status, the 'wall street crash' illustrated just how fragile the German economy still was. Germany had taken foreign loans and investments, however these were withdrawn after the crash. This led directly to a mass of unemployment in Germany as prices and wages dropped. Between 1928 and 1933 unemployment grew from 1.3 million to 6.1 million. ...read more.

Middle

The Nazi party attempted to make itself a 'catch-all' party so that they could attract people from all walks of life. Their use of propaganda proved very useful in achieving this and was very successful in most areas but still some people were more committed to the Nazis than others. The Nazis were most popular in rural areas amongst the Protestants and ex-servicemen and this popularity reflected strongly in the elections. In the two years between 1928 and 1930 the number of seats won by them rose from 12 to 107 which is a massive proportion of all votes. However, as true as all this is Hitler could not have become chancellor by popularity alone. There was only one way in which he could become chancellor and this was for him to be appointed by the president, Hindenburg. Hitler was disliked by Hindenburg, yet his masses of followers meant that he could now not just be ignored. ...read more.

Conclusion

Papen, who had been Chancellor in early 1932 and had a lot of influence over Hindenburg, felt like many others that Hitler would be easily manipulated. But he also knew that he would only form government if he was Chancellor and so he managed to persuade Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor and so it could be said that were it not for Papen's underestimation of Hitler then it is unlikely that Hitler would ever have been appointed as Chancellor. So Hitler had an enormous amount of public support and was the leader of the largest and most popular political party in the Reichstag. As significant as these may have been they were not the real reasons as to why Hitler became Chancellor. So the most important factor in Hitler's appointment as Chancellor and the main reason for him being given this position was that those with the power to appoint him underestimated his bid for power and felt that they would be able to benefit from his appointment. Niall Hayes ...read more.

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