• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Hitler become Dictator in 1934?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did Hitler become Dictator in 1934? By Richard Ward wattsvilleblues@hotmail.com Hitler, having been appointed Chancellor by President Hindenburg in January 1933 announced himself F�hrer in August 1934 after Hindenburg's death. Hitler's ascent to the position of Dictator was a combination of luck, ruthlessness and the support of Hindenburg before his death in August 1934. There were, previous to Hindenburg's death several obstacles that prevented his ascension to total command of Germany. Firstly, Papen still had a majority in the German cabinet. His eight members to Hitler's three made it impossible for the Nazis to pass a resolution without the consent of Papen's ministers. Secondly, there was the small matter of the German army and their unchangeable loyalty to Hindenburg on two grounds. It was required by the Weimar constitution that the army be under the control of the President, and the army kept very close to this article as Hindenburg had been commander of the German army between 1916 and 1918, the last two years of the Great War. ...read more.

Middle

Hindenburg was concerned about a possible SA coup after the March 1933 election and so approved the Night of the Long Knives in June 1934. As part of Hitler's agreement with the army, he secured his ascension to power on the death of Hindenburg. Potsdam Day, manufactured brilliantly by Goebbels, was a resounding success with Hindenburg. Hitler agreed to bow his head to Hindenburg for the cameras, a picture that quite probably adorned the desk of Hindenburg for the last few months of his life as a little ego-boost. The Hindenburg problem was solved by several masterstrokes of political cunning on the part of Hitler and Goebbels. The Communist Party was destroyed by the SA and the police after the advantageously-timed Reichstag fire of January 1933. Hitler blamed the KPD and the organisation of Communists throughout Germany and Berlin was shattered. A previously formidable opposition had been smashed overnight - once again a stroke of political cunning but this time combined with a dash of luck, if the fire was ...read more.

Conclusion

Ernst R�hm's trust and reluctance to be more brutal in his advances went a way towards the success of the Night of the Long Knives. It must not be forgotten, though, that all this was made possible by Papen's commendation of Hitler to Hindenburg in 1932. It is, therefore, advisable to separate the causes into long (relative) and short term causes. In the long term, the most important cause must surely be Hindenburg's appointment of Hitler as Chancellor. Had this not happened, it is extremely questionable as to whether Hitler would ever have succeeded in getting near to power in Germany. In the short term, it seems clear that the Reichstag fire was the most prominent of the causes. Had the Reichstag fire not happened, there would have been no precedent for the destruction of the Communists, Hindenburg's ensuing support for Nazism and his following support of the Night of the Long Knives. Hitler became dictator in 1934 as a result of two main causes, Hindenburg's appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933 and the Reichstag fire of 1934. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How did Hitler become a dictator?

    Once he was chancellor, Hitler then did everything in his power to gain the overall majority of seats in the Reichstag. The opportunity to do this arose when the Reichstag building burnt down and a communist was found on the scene.

  2. To what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator?

    In addition the church states the meek shall inherent the world but the Nazi believed only the fittest will survive. The church considered the Nazi a better option than the communists. They were the lesser of two evils; communism completely abolished the religions, so the church could never tolerate them.

  1. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    This meant that German economy took a turn for the worse again, unemployment increased quickly (see graph), poverty increased as many middle-class people were suffering the most. Farmers were also doing badly and taxes were high. This graph shows how the unemployment increased as the great depression hit Germany.

  2. To What Extent Was Hitler a Totalitarian Dictator?

    Part of the training was to nurture a puppy from birth, and then when the final exam approached, candidates were given a gun to shoot the puppy with. If they did, they were in; if they didn't...they weren't. As I said in the previous section, the SS were led by Heinrich Himmler and were extremely loyal to Hitler.

  1. adolf hitler

    Once again he became a victim of his own prejudice. Hitler claimed that America had been "corrupted by Jewish and African blood" and would be no match for Aryans. In the second campaign on the Soviet Union Hitler concentrated his attack on Stalingrad.

  2. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    The army could also dissuade Hindenburg from doing so, or even carry out a coup upon Hindenburg's death. J. Noakes and G. Pridham believe that Hitler could easily end the coup with the help of the SA, however this would then make him obliged obey they SA and lock Germany into the 'second revolution' envisioned by R�hm.

  1. Thr opposition of the Church.

    After delivering his speech he immediately exited the building escaping death by 13 minutes. The bomb did detonate and eight Nazis were killed, many more were injured. Elser was apprehended and found to be carrying a "Red Front" membership card in his coat.

  2. Nazi Germany - who supported Hitler and how did he become a dictator?

    To counter this, he set up the SA, also known as storm troopers or brownshirts in 1921. These hired thugs protected Hitler?s meeting but also disrupted those of his opponents. By November 1923, Hitler was of the opinion that the time had come for him to overthrow the Weimar government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work