• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Hitler come to be appointed Chancellor in January 1933?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jenny Mason How did Hitler come to be appointed Chancellor in January 1933? Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor on 30th January 1933; Hitler rose to power mainly due to the weak democratic government of the Weimar Republic and Germany's social and economic problems in the 1930's. In the 1920's and 1930's there was political and economic chaos, which together with the German culture enabled Hitler to rise to power. The German culture stood out as particularly racist and aggressive. German philosophers talked about a master race in the past that may have led to Hitler coming up on the idea of an Aryan race. By nature the German culture was racist, militaristic and anti-Semitic. The German people were confused by the economic and social chaos of the 1920s and 1930's so gravitated towards Hitler. Hitler seemed to have answers to the German peoples problems as he promised to restore order and greatness, which the German people longed for. ...read more.

Middle

A fear of the Left was rapidly growing especially as there were thoughts of workers riots, also people were anxious to rebuild on the economic disaster of the 1930s. All this meant that the capitalists were starting to support the Nazi party more strongly. The businessmen and elite saw Hitler as a politician who would not hold up business, so the big businesses and the Elite in Germany started to support Hitler financially to ensure his success. This enabled Hitler to campaign more especially using modern technology to help publicise the Nazi party more widely. The elite realised that they no longer needed to support the weak Republic as they saw Hitler as a better alternative and believed that they could get Hitler into power and eventually control the SS and SA through Hitler to benefit them. Industry was ready to tolerate Hitler especially as it had little tolerance for the Weimar Republic. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the Nazis were losing votes; they had lost 2 million in the November elections in 1932, this was partly due to the fact that Hitler and the Nazi party had failed to take power on several occasions. This resulted in restless Nazi supporters drifting to the extreme left instead which explains the slight increase in the communist vote in the November elections. However two days after Schleicher's resignation Hitler was appointed Chancellor. Hitler's rise to power was due to the great economic instability, which enabled Hitler to exploit the situation by telling the German people what they wanted to hear. Also the problems with the Weimar constitution such as Article 48 that undermined the German democracy and the Republic, which was widely hated because it was instable and weak, helped Hitler. Also the fear of the left by the elite and the Republic meant that support was given to Hitler instead and the influences of the German culture which gave Hitler ideas and shaped his was of thinking helped him in rising to power in January 1933. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    The middle and upper class were worried about the increasing threat from communists getting into power because communist rule would mean a severe threat to their wealth, property and security. The middle and upper class naturally vote the nationalist party, the DNVP, because Nationalists are associated with being a better party for the more wealthy people in society.

  2. adolf hitler

    This would exclude both Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union, and therefore increasing the possibility of reaching an agreement and undermine the solidarity that was developing against Germany. The meeting took place in Munich on 29th September, 1938. Desperate to avoid war, and anxious to avoid an alliance with Joseph Stalin

  1. To what extent was the backstairs intrigue responsible for Hitler being able to take ...

    As leader he had the right to form government Schleicher and Papen agreed that he must come into their cabinet. Still, they did not command the majority needed to elect Hitler Chancellor. In another election on November 6, 1932, the Nazis lost 34 seats in the Reichstag, reducing their total to 196.

  2. How did Hitler come to power?

    Short-term causes also helped him come to power. The three short-term causes were the Depression (1930s), The Actions of Von Papen and Hindenburg (November 1932 - 30th January 1933) and the Enabling Law (March 1933). The depression in the 1930s caused a lot of anger and unemployment.

  1. Explain why Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January 1933.

    The Nazis radiated a youthful and dynamic image while keeping what appeared to be traditional German values of order and organisation. Goebbels and his Ministry for Propaganda gave the Nazi party a military image with the use of uniform, rallies and flags.

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    They also hated Clause 231; the War Guilt Clause, which stated that Germany alone must bear full responsibility for causing all the loss and damage of the war. By agreeing to comply with this term, it gave the Allies the moral right to punish Germany; it validated all the crippling terms the Treaty held.

  1. Weimar, 1929 - 1933

    In June - July 1932, at the Lausanne Conference, the Allies renounced 90% of their claims on Germany - after Br´┐Żning had fallen. In March 1932, Hindenburg's seven-year term as President ended."The [78-year-] old man, now in a state of mental and physical decline, wanted to retire."(W Carr)

  2. How did Hitler come to power in January 1933?

    Soldiers returning from the front were demanding jobs. But there were not enough jobs to go around because of the factories being turned into munitions factories which were closed down. The soldiers were also very stressed and tired and malnourished because of Germany's war machine being destroyed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work