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How did Hitler come to be appointed Chancellor in January 1933?

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Introduction

Jenny Mason How did Hitler come to be appointed Chancellor in January 1933? Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor on 30th January 1933; Hitler rose to power mainly due to the weak democratic government of the Weimar Republic and Germany's social and economic problems in the 1930's. In the 1920's and 1930's there was political and economic chaos, which together with the German culture enabled Hitler to rise to power. The German culture stood out as particularly racist and aggressive. German philosophers talked about a master race in the past that may have led to Hitler coming up on the idea of an Aryan race. By nature the German culture was racist, militaristic and anti-Semitic. The German people were confused by the economic and social chaos of the 1920s and 1930's so gravitated towards Hitler. Hitler seemed to have answers to the German peoples problems as he promised to restore order and greatness, which the German people longed for. ...read more.

Middle

A fear of the Left was rapidly growing especially as there were thoughts of workers riots, also people were anxious to rebuild on the economic disaster of the 1930s. All this meant that the capitalists were starting to support the Nazi party more strongly. The businessmen and elite saw Hitler as a politician who would not hold up business, so the big businesses and the Elite in Germany started to support Hitler financially to ensure his success. This enabled Hitler to campaign more especially using modern technology to help publicise the Nazi party more widely. The elite realised that they no longer needed to support the weak Republic as they saw Hitler as a better alternative and believed that they could get Hitler into power and eventually control the SS and SA through Hitler to benefit them. Industry was ready to tolerate Hitler especially as it had little tolerance for the Weimar Republic. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the Nazis were losing votes; they had lost 2 million in the November elections in 1932, this was partly due to the fact that Hitler and the Nazi party had failed to take power on several occasions. This resulted in restless Nazi supporters drifting to the extreme left instead which explains the slight increase in the communist vote in the November elections. However two days after Schleicher's resignation Hitler was appointed Chancellor. Hitler's rise to power was due to the great economic instability, which enabled Hitler to exploit the situation by telling the German people what they wanted to hear. Also the problems with the Weimar constitution such as Article 48 that undermined the German democracy and the Republic, which was widely hated because it was instable and weak, helped Hitler. Also the fear of the left by the elite and the Republic meant that support was given to Hitler instead and the influences of the German culture which gave Hitler ideas and shaped his was of thinking helped him in rising to power in January 1933. ...read more.

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