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HOW DID HITLER CONSOLIDATE HIS LEADERSHIP UP TO 1934? (15 MARKS) After Hitler became Chancellor one of the first thing he did was call an election. In doing this he hoped to make his Government stronger by gaining a majority in the Reichstag. This way he wouldn't have to form a coalition with another party, and if he had a majority it consolidated his power because it meant that the majority of Germans had voted for him. Unfortunately for Hitler, he didn't gain the majority he was looking for, and this lead him to form a coalition with another party, the Nationalists, who were also right wing and held some of the same views as the Nazi's. ...read more.


He intended to pass a law call the 'Enabling Act.' This would ban all other political parties, and allow Hitler to become a virtual dictator, as the parliament would only have to be called every four years, and the only people left in parliament would be Hitler's supporters. Hitler got the SA to intimidate to voters in parliament, having them standing in the aisles watching menacingly and wielding batons. It was an obvious threat, vote in favour of Hitler of suffer the consequences. At this point Hitler was wary of anyone who had power that could compromise his position, and the SA was very powerful. This is why between the 30th of June and the 2nd of July, Hitler started Operation Hummingbird, otherwise known as 'The Night of the Long Knives.' ...read more.


However, in return, Hitler wanted everyone in the army to swear an oath of allegiance to him. This was unusual because normally the army swears allegiance to the country and not the leader. This was yet another way that Hitler consolidated his leadership. The death of President Hindenburg allowed Hitler to make a new law, combining the powers of President and Chancellor to become the Fuhrer. Even with all the power he held before Hindenburg's death he was still only Reich Chancellor, so becoming the Fuhrer cemented in the fact that he now controlled the country with no opposition. The law was technically illegal because it violated the constitution and the Enabling Act, but there was no opposition to Hitler anymore. Hitler himself was becoming the law. In these ways Hitler consolidated his power up to 1934. ...read more.

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