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How did Hitler consolidate his power?

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Introduction

How did Hitler consolidate his power? Factor 1 In 1932 3^rd of December Hindenburg appointed Von Schleicher Chancellor 4^th January, Von Papen can see that van Schleicher is having difficulty keeping a Reichstag majority. He sees his chance to win back power. He privately agrees to work with Hitler. Hitler will be Chancellor, van Papen will be in the cabinet. On 22^nd January, van Papen asks Hindenburg to make Hitler chancellor. Hindenburg refused. On 28^th January, van Schleicher finally had to admit defeat in raising support in the Reichstag so he resigned. On 30^th January, Hindenburg wants van Papen back but is advised that reappointing such an unpopular chancellor might trigger a movement against Hindenburg himself. Van Papen persuades Hindenburg that as long as the number of Nazis in the cabinet is limited, then even with Hitler as chancellor the most extreme Nazi policies could be resisted. He also warns that the alternative is a Nazi revolt and civil war. ...read more.

Middle

Workers were no longer allowed to join trade unions, opposition politicians were arrested and imprisoned, enemies of the Nazis, especially communists, could be executed, the SA could search and ram sack the homes of suspected opponents, many opponents were driven into exile also the Nazis intimidated voters by watching over them as they crossed their ballot papers. Factor 4 Throughout the rise of the Nazis Hitler depended on the SA to put his policies into action. They had fought loyally for Hitler against the communists and had helped him come to power. By 1934 the SA was an enormous organization with more than 2 million members. It was also very powerful. In fact its leader Ernst Rohm was a potential rival to Hitler. Rohm wanted Hitler to continue the Nazi program such as taking over major industries. Rohm also wanted the SA to take control of the army. The army was much smaller than the SA, it had only 100,000 soldiers. ...read more.

Conclusion

So the first step was to ban the communists from serving in the Reichstag. That was relatively simple under emergency powers. But he still needed to convince the members of the other parties. The newly elected Reichstag members met for the first time in the Kroll opera house in Berlin on 23^rd march. Despite this pressure many social democrats still voted against the enabling act, but to no effect. All the other parties gave in the Nazi pressure. The enabling act was passed by 444 votes to 94. The act gave Hitler the power to make laws without the approval of either the Reichstag or the president. The Reichstag had in effect voted itself out of existence. It had voted to introduce a Nazi dictatorship. Through the next eleven years of Nazi rule the Reichstag met twelve times, but simply to listen to Hitler speaking. They never held a debate. They had no say on policies. The Weimar republic was over. The Enabling Act triggered a six month period of rapid change thought Germany, which is known as the Nazi revolution. ...read more.

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