• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Hitler establish a dictatorship?

Extracts from this document...


How did Hitler establish a Dictatorship? Introduction When Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 it was easy to forget that he was in a very precarious position. Few people thought he would hold on to power for long. Even fewer thought that by the summer of 1934 he would be the supreme dictator of Germany. He achieved this through a clever combination of methods - some legal, others dubious. He also managed to defeat or reach agreements with those who could have stopped him. His first actions Adolf Hitler, the new Chancellor of Germany, had no intention of abiding by the rules of democracy. He intended only to use those rules to legally establish himself as dictator as quickly as possible then begin the Nazi revolution. Hitler moved quickly to establish a dictatorship. He used terror to gain power while maintaining an air of legality throughout. On his first day as chancellor, Hitler manipulated Hindenburg into dissolving the Reichstag and calling for the new elections he had wanted - to be held on March 5, 1933. Hitler also reassured the generals there would be no attempt to replace the regular army with an army of SA storm troopers. For years this had been a big concern of the generals who wanted to preserve their own positions of power and keep the traditional military intact. That evening, Hitler attended a dinner with the German General Staff and told them Germany would re-arm as a first step toward regaining its former position in the world. ...read more.


With no money problems and the power of the State behind them, the Nazis campaigned furiously to get Hitler the majority he wanted. On March 5, the last free elections were held. But the people denied Hitler his majority, giving the Nazis only 44 per cent of the total vote, 17, 277,180. Despite massive propaganda and the brutal crackdown, the other parties held their own. The Centre Party got over four million and the Social Democrats over seven million. The Communists lost votes but still got over four million. The goal of a legally established dictatorship was now within reach. But the lack of the necessary two-thirds majority in the Reichstag was an obstacle. For Hitler and his ruthless inner circle, it was obstacle that was soon to be overcome. As for Van der Lubbe, the Communist arsonist, he was tried and convicted, then beheaded. Enabling Act For Adolf Hitler, the goal of a legally established dictatorship was now within reach. On March 15, 1933, another cabinet meeting was held during which Hitler and G�ring discussed how to obstruct what was left of the democratic process to get an Enabling Act passed by the Reichstag. This law would hand over the constitutional functions of the Reichstag to Hitler, including the power to make laws, control the budget and approve treaties with foreign governments. As Hitler plotted to bring democracy to an end in Germany, Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels put together a brilliant public relations display at the official opening of the newly elected Reichstag. ...read more.


The SA was not disbanded afterwards. It remained as a Nazi paramilitary organization, but was very much subordinated to the SS and never regained the influence of 1933. The army and the SS absorbed many of its members. Der F�hrer Soon after the Night of the Long Knives, Hindenburg died, and Hitler took over as Supreme Leader (F�hrer) of Germany. On 2nd August 1934 the entire army swore an oath of personal loyalty to Adolf Hitler as F�hrer of Germany. The army agreed to stay out of politics and to serve Hitler. In return Hitler spent vast sums on rearmament, brought back conscription and made plans to make Germany a great military power again. Conclusion It was due to many facts all mentioned above that Hitler established a Dictatorship. But I think the main reason is that Hitler had in a way power over Hindenburg as Hindenburg being an old and befuddled man signed anything put infront of him by Hitler. He trusted and believed in Hitler so if Hitler gave him something to sign he thought it was for the good of the public and the country. For example Hindenburg thought that signing the Emergency act was "for the Protection of the people and the State." Really this was another step, which helped Hitler to establish a Dictatorship. But if you took any one of the points above than I don't think that Hitler would have established a Dictatorship as each point helped a little bit and had some sort of input in helping Hitler establish a Dictatorship. Debbie Lord 08/05/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How significant was The Night of the Long Knives in the establishment of the ...

    Roehm regularly talked of his desire to amalgamate to SA into the army and for him to become the leader of the new army.

  2. Studies of Sources from the Reichstag Fire - who was responsible?

    Although, this again cannot be completely reliable as it was published outside Germany during the Second World War and because he left Germany due to a falling out with the Nazis, this may make him very anti-Nazi therefore he may be biased.

  1. IGCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Source Analysis of the Reichstag Fire

    Without Lubbe's communist identity card, the Nazis could not fully prove that Lubbe is a communist. In conclusion, it is clear that the judgement of Lubbe being used by the Nazis and that Reichstag Fire situation was exploited is best supported.

  2. adolf hitler

    His commanding officer wrote: "As a dispatch-runner, he has shown cold-blooded courage and exemplary boldness. Under conditions of great peril, when all the communication lines were cut, the untiring and fearless activity of Hitler made it possible for important messages to go through".

  1. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    One of the greatest and most significant disagreements between the sources is that one is of British origin; the other is of Nazi German origin. This means that both sources are very unreliable and will show a great deal of bias and difference of perspective.

  2. An evaluation on the personal and political nature of Adolf Hitler during the years ...

    The fact that Hitler was able to blend these two personalities together and as suggested at the start of this evaluation on Hitler's Vienna period, his time in Vienna was very influential on him on how he would behave and react with the power he would later gain politically.

  1. To What Extent Had Hitler Legally Achieved A Dictatorship in Germany by 1934?

    Being in the midst of economic instability, the German people did not oppose sacrificing their rights for a more stable economy and future. Further examples of suppression of individual rights can be seen in the Nazi control of schools - religious education was limited to once a week and only the Fuhrers' viewpoint was taught.

  2. Was the Reichstag fire the main reason why Hitler was able to establish a ...

    Subsequently the Communists were banned from taking their 81 seats in the Reichstag; therefore there was less opposition for the Nazis. The General election results of 1933 were also an important factor in Hitler?s road to a dictatorship. The Nazis gained 288 seats; the Communists gained 81 seats but were banned from taking them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work