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How did life for a typical soldier serving in a trench on the western front during the First World War compare with a parliamentary infantryman serving in the English Civil War?

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How did life for a typical soldier serving in a trench on the western front during the First World War compare with a parliamentary infantryman serving in the English Civil War? - Carys Edwards 9F The typical soldier serving in a trench on the western front during the First World War compared with a parliamentary infantryman serving in the English Civil War was very different compared to the typical soldier serving on the western front during the First World War mainly because the two wars were both at different times and settings. The English civil war took place during the 1640's and the First World War took between 1914-1918, 270 years between the two conflicts. The World War was widely based and the English civil war was only in England. But what were the other differences between the two wars? The reasons for fighting were very different. The English Civil War started with an argument between King Charles I and the members of Parliament which were often called parliamentarians. The Parliament thought they should have their own rights and freedom from the king and Charles claimed to rule by divine rights. The king refused to compromise with the Puritans who wanted their own privileges and more power for themselves. ...read more.


The British infantryman had a khaki uniform made of a fabric of twilled wool, webbing and a Lee Enfield rifle with a bayonet. He wore knee length boots and a hard metal helmet. Officers had flat caps and carried pistols. So overall the uniforms were better in the World war because they had more protection and they didn't have to rely on soldiers to get their own uniforms. They knew who was on their team or not even if they didn't know each other because of their hats. The weapons they used were very different. In the English Civil War they had soldiers called Pikemen. Pikemen carried a 5m long ash staff pike and a short bladed sword known as a "Hanger" for hand to hand fighting. Pikes were heavy and unwieldy and it required a strong man to use one correctly. The most common weapon used by a musketeer was a Matchlock Musket. A good well-trained musketeer could fire three rounds a minute unless his gunpowder became damp. He had a wooden ramrod to ram down the charge and the bullet made of cast lead which he usually made himself, a powder horn made from a cows horn used for carrying priming powder, and a fuse of slow-burning cord that had been boiled in vinegar then dried, kept lit at both ends during battle. ...read more.


So overall, life for a typical soldier in the First World War was nothing like that of a soldier in then English Civil War. In the First World War they had a lot more travelling to do and were fighting far from home, while in the English Civil War the soldiers stayed to fight in their own counties near their homes. Many of the soldiers were defending the country houses and castles. When the weather was poor some would even go home and others left the fighting all together. The soldiers in World War 1 were in trenches where the conditions were bad, they had no proper sanitation and suffered from dysentery, trench foot and trench fever caused by lice, and they lost more British soldiers in 1918 The victory year, than the whole of the world war 2 because of the men running into bullets when they had to go 'over the top' causing a big bombardment. During the winters the weather in Europe was bad and the men had to move through the deep snow with their weapons and heavy guns. There was more danger involved with more and better weapons and the heavy guns of the First World War, also the over head danger from planes. ...read more.

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