• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Mao Zedong secure control of China in the 1950's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1) In what ways did Mao secure the control of China in the 1950's? In 1949, Mao Zedong was appointed the undisputed leader of China. As well as this, he was chairman of the CCP. China became the 'People's republic of China.' Mao was still not satisfied. Although he had become the leader of China, this did not mean that he had total control. For that reason, the CCP put in a number of policies to make sure they could have total control over China. The first policy put in place, was that China became a one-party state. This meant that all other parties other than the CCP were banned. The term 'counter-revolutionary' came into place to describe those who showed any opposition to the communist party. Counter-revolutionary described someone who was against the communist revolution. ...read more.

Middle

In addition to this, Mao also targeted religions and closed down churches; communists believed that people should not worship anyone but obey the government. Maoist slogans were plastered all over China. The carrot method was much more beneficial towards the development of China. They were also put in place to gain more people's support. China had just suffered 40 terrible years of war. As a result of this, people were poor and illiterate. Mao helped society by creating things like the Marriage Law in 1950. This banned arranged marriages, the marriage of children, the killing of unwanted babies, and bigamy. As planned, all of these things helped improve the lives of women. Maternity benefits were introduced in China in 1951. Nurseries in work places were set up, allowing women to get back to work as soon as possible if they wanted to. ...read more.

Conclusion

Mao and the CCP wanted to 'serve the people' before themselves. Things called 'struggle meetings' and compulsory lessons were introduced in schools and work places. They taught people about Mao, and persuaded people to get rid of any selfish thoughts. These could be as ridiculous as wanting to own a possession, no matter how small. Sometimes people were even bullied into confessing to having any 'wrong ideas' or misdeeds.' Everyone would be interrogated and then humiliated and made to feel guilty about these bad thoughts. If they didn't confess, they would be punished. Therefore, many people simply made things up. People were sent to 're-education' clinics to enable them to think and believe in communism, and to think like a communist. They had to promise to 'serve the people.' Others who didn't agree with this were sent to labour camps or had to work with the peasants in the fields for their 're-education.' ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why were Mao and the Communists able to gain control of China in the ...

    All of this helped Mao gain popularity, as he was then seen as a heroic person who wanted to drive the Japanese out and truly cared about China, while the people thought Chiang was weak. The invasion then led on to the war against Japan, which is the second reason why the Communists were able to gain control over China.

  2. Castro's revolution: WOMEN

    playing more the central roles of lawyers for the imprisoned revolutionaries, fighters, and even martyrs. Though women were disallowed to participate in the Moncada attack as soldiers (many women protested this), they played a large organizational role during Castro's subsequent imprisonment.

  1. Why did the USA believe it was losing the Cold War in the 1950's?

    In 1950 things went from bad to worse with the communist forces of South Korea launching a surprise attack on the recently divided South, within two weeks the North Korean forces had reached the capital of Seoul and the USA felt obligated to take action to prevent yet another country falling to communism.

  2. Why the CCP won the civil war

    They had control of the main business and economic centres in China (Eastern Seaboard) and had support of the wealthier landowners and middle classes. They had all the money and equipment as well the better trained army. Unfortunately, they did not have the support of the common peasants; which the CCP did.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    Recognised as a military equal to the West 2) Diminished concerns over rivalry with China 3) Access to US trade, technology & investment 1) Soviets might influence North Vietnam to accept peace in Indochina 2) USSR provided a new market and area for investment 3)

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    SDI was located in space so that it could use lasers to intercept soviet missiles before they could reach the USA. The USA would be able to attack without fear of retaliation. This would lead to the end of MAD.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work