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How did Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X influence the Black people's oppression in North America?

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Introduction

How did Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X influence the Black people's oppression in North America? Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X grew up in different environments. King Jr. was raised in a comfortable middle-class family where education was stressed. On the other hand, Malcolm X came from an underprivileged home. He was a self-taught man who received very little schooling and rose to greatness on his own intelligence and determination. Martin Luther King Jr. was born into a family whose name in Atlanta was well established despite segregation; Martin Luther King Jr.'s parents ensured that their child was secure and happy. In contrast, Malcolm X was born and raised in a completely different atmosphere than King; an atmosphere that was filled with fear and anger. Martin Luther King was one of the first, and certainly the most effective of the civil rights leaders that led the struggle into the North. Martin Luther King Jr. was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15 to Alberta Williams King and Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr. In 1935-1944 Martin attended and finished his early education at David T. Howard Elementary School and Atlanta University Laboratory School. He attended Booker T. Washington High School and left before graduation due to his acceptance and early admission in Atlanta's Morehouse College program for advanced placement In the Fall of 1944. He was 15 years of age. ...read more.

Middle

Malcolm was twelve, Malcolm also lived through an ignored childhood and did not receive as much attention as Martin due to his several brothers and sisters. Malcolm lived through the lurid nightmare of an America closed to black people, although not legally closed as in the south, and thus open to legal solutions, but closed in practice, systematically, and institutionally as no white man would stand up for them and neither would the system which claimed equality. With no family, education, or middle-class economics to protect him, Malcolm never developed the hope that sustained Martin. In an effort to revolt against the institutional racism of the north, Malcolm despaired, turned to crime, and eventually to jail. In jail, Malcolm discovered the words of Elijah Muhammad. In the Nation of Islam's strict moral code Malcolm found freedom from alcohol and crime. In Elijah's account of the history of the black race and his words of inspiration, Malcolm found a foundation on which to re-build his self-esteem. Malcolm learned that the white man was the devil, which at the time he felt could have been easily proved by examining his own life, and he learned that Allah would destroy them, this is similar to the comfort that Martin found in Ghandi's teachings that God would help the oppressed. In Black Muslim theology God needs no help in overcoming injustice, thus Malcolm was not called to develop practical solutions whereas Martin believed that blacks could not depend on God to do all the work, but that they also needed to do their part. ...read more.

Conclusion

The popularity of the blacks oppression rose greatly and caused leaders from various corners of the globe to comment on this, Leon Trotsky, a Russian Revolution Bolshevik once commented: "I do not propose for the party to advocate, I do not propose to inject, but only to proclaim our obligation to support the struggle for self-determination if the Negroes themselves want it." Bibliography * Autobiography of the life of Malcolm X - Malcolm X 1925 - 1965 * Malcolm X - By any means necessary - by Walter Dean Myers * Malcolm X - by Jack Rummel * Martin Luther King, Jr. I have a Dream Writing and Speeches that changed the world - Edited by James M. Washington * Martin Luther King Jr - A man who change things - Carol Greene * Website on the life of and experiences of Martin Luther King Jr http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/ * Malcolm X and his life and work - http://www.brothermalcolm.net/ * The official website f Malcolm X - http://www.cmgww.com/historic/malcolm/index.htm * The life of Martin Luther King - http://www.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/mlking.htm Malcolm X during an interview with A.B. Spellman once said, when Spellman asked about his program for achieving 'your goals of separation.' Malcolm said: "A better word to use than separation is independence. This word separation is misused. The 13 colonies separated from England but they called it the Declaration of Independence; they don't call it the Declaration of Separation, they call it the Declaration of Independence. When you're independent of someone you can separate from them. If you can't separate from them it means you're not independent of them. ...read more.

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