• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Protestants explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholics and Protestants?

Extracts from this document...


How did Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholics and Protestants? Many of the differences faced by Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland were due to official laws, so Protestant politicians had to explain them. These explanations varied, depending on how extreme a politician was; however all of them were based on facts, about either the Republic of Ireland, or about Catholic attitudes in Northern Ireland. One reason, used by moderate Unionists, was that the differences were due to Catholics segregating themselves. Many Catholics living in Northern Ireland wanted to protect their heritage, so sent their children to summer schools to learn Irish Gaelic and Irish traditions; continued to play Irish sports; and attended Catholic schools. ...read more.


An alternative explanation, also used by moderate Unionists, was that discrimination was not occurring. They argued that the depression of the 1960s meant everyone in Northern Ireland was experiencing difficulties. The economic situation was also used by extremist Unionists, who said that, as Northern Ireland was experiencing a period of depression, jobs should be given to "loyal workers," (Protestants) over Catholics. Another justification used by extreme Unionist politicians, for example Paisley, was the Catholic Church's special position in the Republic of Ireland's constitution. They claimed it meant that the Republic of Ireland was not a free state, because there was too much religious interference in their citizens' lives; and, in order to prevent a similar situation in Northern Ireland, Catholic citizens had to be controlled. ...read more.


The support that "Republicanism" received in Northern Ireland also contributed to the Protestant's fear, because they were afraid that if Catholics were given too much freedom, they might elect Republican councillors; threatening the British way of life in Northern Ireland. Some Unionist politicians claimed that these factors showed the threat that Northern Ireland was under from Republicans, and the Catholics in Northern Ireland had to be controlled for protection. In conclusion, the explanations for the differences between Catholics and Protestants ranged from; there being no differences or Catholics segregating themselves; to the Catholics needing special treatment, either due to the depression, or to protect Northern Ireland from the influence of the Catholic Church and the Republicans who wanted the reunification of Ireland. Word Count: 448 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    They saw the agreement as a terrible deal, and were extremely against it. There were no disagreements as such within Unionism, as in general they didn't like the agreement, but there were different levels of feeling and action. Ian Paisley, leader of the DUP, made reference to 1912, comparing the current situation to that of the struggle against Home Rule.

  2. What are the main differences between the Catholics and the Protestants

    This previously violent group has had a recent ceasefire and has started to decommission its weapons and is now for peace. A recent break within the movement who don't agree with decommissioning is the Real IRA who still uses violence for the aim of a United Ireland.

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    These too were violent to the Catholics, Catholic marches were banned. Student demonstrations ended up in violence. This angered the Catholics; they felt that if the Protestants should get to March then why shouldn't they. Housing conditions were appalling for Catholics, they marched and campaigned about their unfair housing, yet again nothing was done.

  2. How did Protestant Politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholics and ...

    They were scared of the Catholics getting back in control as they feared that Britain wouldn't be able to protect them if they needed it, and they might have to leave their homes. Because of all of the discrimination that was going on, NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association)

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    They didn't command. It was the IRA who commanded. But Sinn Fein had refused to organize politcally so it was never a serious political force within the Catholic community, as evident in its refusal to stand in Parliamentary elections, whether in Westminster, Stormont or Dublin.

  2. Ireland's incredible economic success has left many countries in complete fascination.

    It was the stepping away from old conventions and the opening up of Ireland in the 1960s that has to be regarded as Ireland's route to success. Sean Lemass, who was Taoiseach between 1959-66, can be given the praise for stepping away from the protectionist economics of early Ireland.

  1. what are the differents between nationlist and protestants

    and Sinn Fein. Although both the Unionists and Nationalists have hard-line and moderate views, there are some major differences between them. Firstly, the Nationalist SDLP wants reform in Northern Ireland and believes the Republic should have influence on how Northern Ireland is run; the SDLP has a moderate stance and

  2. How did the Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholic ...

    They did not see why they had to help, or give jobs to the Catholics who were loyal to the pope, Rome and the Republic of Ireland. The Republic, with the majority Catholics, had many laws which the Protestants didn't want to abide by.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work