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How did the American people react to the New Deal in 1933?

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Introduction

How did the American people react to the New Deal in 1933? After the Wall Street crash of 1929, America went into a state of depression and poverty, something that they were not prepared for. When Roosevelt took over as president he wanted to bring America out of depression and work towards economic recovery. He wanted to do this by introducing a New Deal, new legislations and policies that would restore hope in the American people and reassure them that the government would take responsibility for the welfare of its citizens. In this essay I will try and display a true picture of what the American peoples reactions were to this New Deal and why they reacted in the way they did. In his first one hundred days as president, Roosevelt set about restoring people's faiths in banks by, because most were closing either because it didn't have enough money to support itself or not enough people were depositing money into the banks. Roosevelt decided to close banks across 38 states, and within ten days passed an act that enabled the government to support these banks with government money and aids and close those that were weak. By the end of this ordeal, customers had deposited more cash than they withdrew and gradually other banks opened and failures ceased. This showed that the American peoples trust had been restored especially with banks and with Roosevelt. ...read more.

Middle

These benefited farmers greatly as they were also given a new opportunity to raise their own income and promote confidence amongst other farmers who would soon catch onto this scheme. It also taught farmers about conservation of their crops and fields, generally modernising farm equipment and tools that they could use to develop the land. An example of how the government intended to decrease the number of people unemployed was in the Tennessee Valley Act. This was to generate cheap electricity for thousands of people living there. Dams were set up to generate this cheap electricity whi0ch created thousands of jobs for also constructing power lines. It also tempted industrialists to set up factories in one of the most under industrialised regions of the USA. New houses were built and a sense of confidence and rehabilitation was building amongst communities situated there. They felt pride in what they were doing for once and felt it was a step into the right direction. Poverty was being relieved as well as under funded schools. The most important thing being that people were finally taking money home and spending it on necessities, rather than having to beg for the most simple of things. As a result of these changes to even the smallest of states, many people appreciated the efforts of Roosevelt by even sending him letters, with addresses such as, "God's gift to the USA" or "To the Greatest Man in the world". ...read more.

Conclusion

These views seemed a far cry from those, realistic offers that Roosevelt had given to the American people and so the only people who did support this cause were the desperately deprived, seeking immediate salvation from the destruction Depression. Most ordinary Americans always gave their support to Roosevelt, the most surprising of all being the black community across America. This group were hit hardest by the Depression because of the inequality and lynching abuse that they faced. Although Roosevelt refused to take steps to help black people gain equal rights, he supported the anti-lynching Bill giving him support from the relieved black community who were also funded by programmes set up by the New Deal. In some states they're incomes matched that coming from private firms. This is why 85% voted for Roosevelt across America as they were lifted out of poverty and deprivation. Most Americans believed that they had the right to prosperity. For many it was a main aim in life to have a nice house, a good job, plenty to eat and for their homes to be filled with the latest consumer goods. Consuming more and more was seen as part of being American. Most Americans would agree though that although the New Deal did not bring instant relief to the economy or health, but in its frenzied way started the wheels of industry turning again and brought the American people back from the brink of Depression. By Arun Joshi ...read more.

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