• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did the Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain? The Government tried very hard to keep the effects of the Blitz from the British public. They used a number of different ideas and a lot of these were very successful. The Government used its powers to control outgoing information. It aimed to: * Boost the morale of the British public and get support for the war effort. * Provide important information and instructions to help the British civilians to come through the difficult times. * Make sure the press did not publish, and the radio stations did not broadcast anything that might be helpful to the enemy. * Suppress any negative images such as British deaths and losses, and heavily bombed areas. In the propaganda war, the first casualty was often the truth. The Ministry of Information, set up in 1939, was in charge of giving people in Britain the official news on the war and informing the Government about public opinion. ...read more.

Middle

Most reports were uplifting and encouraging concentrating on how well people were coping with the bombs, and the numbers of enemy planes that we had shot down. Though the BBC accepted censorship, its Director, General Lord Reith, complained at one point that people were tuning into Berlin because there was so little real news at home. English language broadcasts were made by William Joyce, nicknamed 'Lord Haw Haw'. Joyce was executed after the war as a traitor. The British public needed something to give them a break from the grimness of life and in a pre-television age, they would go to the cinema. Before the films a newsreel was shown with images of the war. These were edited by the censor to highlight British victories or at worst brilliant retreats from the jaw of defeat, showing the German planes being destroyed and interviews with British soldiers, promoting them as heroes. People would leave the cinema feeling very patriotic and proud of their country's pilots and soldiers. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the way in which newspapers, newsreels and the BBC reported him made him an almost legendary figure. Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in 1940 and was excellent at writing and making speeches. He wanted to make everybody feel they were 'all in it together' and that this was a 'total war'. 'Total war' meant that every person had a part to play and could all make an important contribution to the war effort. From growing vegetables in the garden, to working in a factory producing weapons, everyone was doing their bit to help Britain become a stronger country and to win the war. The combination of controlling the information to highlight the positives whilst suppressing the negatives, as well as involving everybody, ensured that the British built up an enduring spirit to support the war effort. Keeping the British morale up was key in this and the propaganda and the censorship were the main reasons the morale was maintained. If the morale was to drop, people might have started slacking in their jobs which would have brought everyone down and affected the whole country. ?? ?? ?? ?? Charlie Bryant ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. 'In what ways did the British government attempt to hide the effects of the ...

    These were able to take people's minds off the Blitz temporarily. It enabled to relax, even if it was only for a short period of time. It was an escape from the war for many people. The cinema, in particular, kept morale up.

  2. Assimilation. The problem with immigration in Britain was that the people werent coming from ...

    In my opinion assimilation was flawed because of the way it was introduced. The process of assimilation was expected to happen quickly but the real problem was that people failed to recognise this situation as a delicate one. This proves that assimilation was flawed because people would use immigrants as

  1. In what ways did the British government attempt to hide the effects of the ...

    Black propaganda was also used by the Nazis who broadcast programs by the English traitor known as Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) who initially made the British very amused by his satirical stance on the war but as times progressed began to make some government officials concerned.

  2. How did the Blitz affect the British people?

    There is a possibility that it could have been used as a piece of propaganda by the government. Therefore the source is a primary piece of evidence, showing us that it is real therefore it could not be set up.

  1. IN WHAT WAY DID THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT ATTEMPT TO HIDE THE EFFECTS OF THE ...

    be like when they won the war, to help overcome the demoralizing effects of the bombings. Documentary films were made in order to keep the nation as informed as possible and radio was used increasingly for spreading information, but also as a way of keeping up moral.

  2. Sourcework - The impression that the British faced the Blitz with courage and unity ...

    Source C is a photograph published on 15th September 1940 (start of the Blitz), with its original caption "During raids on London last night some North London houses were bombed. Their houses are wrecked but the tenants of the buildings still showed the British "grit".

  1. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45

    It is hard to make an informed decision over the reliability of these sources due to the limitations to the information that these sources can give. In Source B we do not know what time of day the school was hit, so we cannot assess the extent of the damage and the number of lives that were lost.

  2. what ways did the British Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz ...

    This left people with a boost of confidence and made them think that Britain was definitely going to win the war. However they were not told about the attacks on Britain due to the fact that it would drop morale and would result in loss of support for Britain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work