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How did the Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain?

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Introduction

How did the Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain? The Government tried very hard to keep the effects of the Blitz from the British public. They used a number of different ideas and a lot of these were very successful. The Government used its powers to control outgoing information. It aimed to: * Boost the morale of the British public and get support for the war effort. * Provide important information and instructions to help the British civilians to come through the difficult times. * Make sure the press did not publish, and the radio stations did not broadcast anything that might be helpful to the enemy. * Suppress any negative images such as British deaths and losses, and heavily bombed areas. In the propaganda war, the first casualty was often the truth. The Ministry of Information, set up in 1939, was in charge of giving people in Britain the official news on the war and informing the Government about public opinion. ...read more.

Middle

Most reports were uplifting and encouraging concentrating on how well people were coping with the bombs, and the numbers of enemy planes that we had shot down. Though the BBC accepted censorship, its Director, General Lord Reith, complained at one point that people were tuning into Berlin because there was so little real news at home. English language broadcasts were made by William Joyce, nicknamed 'Lord Haw Haw'. Joyce was executed after the war as a traitor. The British public needed something to give them a break from the grimness of life and in a pre-television age, they would go to the cinema. Before the films a newsreel was shown with images of the war. These were edited by the censor to highlight British victories or at worst brilliant retreats from the jaw of defeat, showing the German planes being destroyed and interviews with British soldiers, promoting them as heroes. People would leave the cinema feeling very patriotic and proud of their country's pilots and soldiers. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the way in which newspapers, newsreels and the BBC reported him made him an almost legendary figure. Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in 1940 and was excellent at writing and making speeches. He wanted to make everybody feel they were 'all in it together' and that this was a 'total war'. 'Total war' meant that every person had a part to play and could all make an important contribution to the war effort. From growing vegetables in the garden, to working in a factory producing weapons, everyone was doing their bit to help Britain become a stronger country and to win the war. The combination of controlling the information to highlight the positives whilst suppressing the negatives, as well as involving everybody, ensured that the British built up an enduring spirit to support the war effort. Keeping the British morale up was key in this and the propaganda and the censorship were the main reasons the morale was maintained. If the morale was to drop, people might have started slacking in their jobs which would have brought everyone down and affected the whole country. ?? ?? ?? ?? Charlie Bryant ...read more.

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