• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Nazis gain and maintain power in Germany?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Nazi regime: How did the Nazis gain and maintain power in Germany? * Why did no one succeed in stopping Hitler? o 37% of votes in July o Higher than any other party o Good reason for Hitler to take control and power o Hitler had learnt the only way to achieve real power was through democracy thanks to the Munich Putsch o Hitler established a secure position very quickly once he came to power o Papen and the other Weimar politicians believed that the constitution would stop revolutionary movements o Hitler turned down the position of vice-chancellor, good move, he wanted to become the chancellor which would give him far more power. o Papen and Hindenburg failed to stop Hitler; Hindenburg was old and tired. He was frustrated in the way he was made to involve himself in government. Her may have been sick and or mentally weakened due to his age. o There is definitely evidence that Hindenburg was tired of politics o Weak democratic roots in Germany o Not used to elected politicians, too shallow roots of democracy, Hitler exploited this. o Failure of left wing to unite against Hitler o Communists and socialists were not on talking terms, very different ideas and plans o Success in March 5th election: 44% of the vote o Gives them lots of power o Process of Gleichschaltung (co-ordination) o All institutions drawn under the Nazi regime o People like the idea of unification o Whole apparatus of state now at Hitler's disposal o Greater effect of Hitler because of years of Message of rebirth hammered home. ...read more.

Middle

while the right wing was let off leniently o War had been brought to an end o Economy was returned to peace time status o Treaty of Versailles was not as harsh as it had once been o The German industrial areas had not been invaded so they were not damaged. o Treaty of Versailles was psychologically damaging more than it actually crippled the economy. o Anti-Semitism present throughout Europe. o Elected president, Chancellor relied on the Reichstag for support. o Women could vote too. * 1923 o French invaded Ruhr o Government printed money and caused hyperinflation. o The Munich Putsch was an indication of the weak situation in Germany o Hitler learnt from the Putsch o The Rentenmark stabilised the currency. o Finance minister Luther helped to stabilise the currency. o Hitler failed in his Putsch, showed his inadequacies. * 1924-1925 o Legacy of bitterness, middle-classes was very badly affected by inflation. o Treaty of Versailles remained o Loans brought in o Foreign policy effective o Wanted to revise eastern borders o Governments were short lived o No more coups or assassinations o French troops left the Ruhr o Germany was respected abroad o Economic collapse in 1929 was negative o Germany was not well governed. The Weimar republic could not survive and did not. Was there a social revolution in Nazi Germany? * Social revolution involves fundamental social change. Class reversal. Change in ownership of property. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Olympics held in 1936 in Germany, Berlin was 'cleaned up' for the outside world, all the anti-Semitic behaviour was hidden from visitors. * Hitler didn't want negative foreign opinion during peace time * November 1938 Kristallnacht * Stigmatisation against Jews, but people were being pressured to leave. No genocide yet. * 1939-41: resettlement plans for Jews. They were poorly treated on purpose to increase the number of Jews who died 'naturally'. * Polish elites killed in mass shootings * The euthanasia programme * 1941, Russia was invaded on the 22nd of July * Hitler is loosing it - mood swings, ageing rapidly * Racial war against sub-humans in the east * 23 June; Einsatzgruppen went into Russia, atrocities all over Russia * August 1941, rapid escalation of number involved in both those doing the killing and those being killed * Hitler never gave a written order to start the holocaust * 3 September; test of Zyklon B gas * Mass shootings were difficult and inefficient. Soldiers had to be made drunk to start killing and when they went home they would tell people about the killings * Gassings using car exhausts at Chelmino * Germans start to make techniques more efficient and professional * Start using gas chambers disguised as showers * Hitler's role was central, he set the tone * It was not totalitarian, people worked to please Hitler, didn't need to be given orders * How were the people who carried it out so radicalised History conference notes ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How did Hitler and the Nazis change the German economy and the lives of ...

    And Hitler's ideal of a stay-at-home German housewife was all the more easy to achieve when war was on the horizon. It seemed that Hitler's plans for a war-ready Germany were advancing on schedule, and the Allies and the German people, were doing nothing to stop him.

  2. How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

    By 1939 370000 Jews and 30000 Jewish supporters had fled the country, many more had been sent to concentration camps with pacifists, beggars, alcoholics, travellers, and sexual deviants. During the war these camps were turned into death camps with mass gassing almost every day.

  1. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    He used the enabling act to ban all other parties making Germany a one party state. On the 14th July Hitler passed a law against the formation of parties, anyone attempting to run or form a party would be jailed.

  2. How far was the Nazi Euthanasia Programme based on racial purity theories?

    The euthanasia programme can actually be looked at in two stages between 1939-41 the programme when at the start of the war with a stronger economy was indeed more centred on the idea of purifying the German race. However the program was halted for a short time in 1941, after

  1. To what extent did the Nazis achieve an economic miracle in Germany between 1933-1939?

    But this only created a second problem. The demand for raw materials for its rearmament caused an increase in imports and the strength of the Reichsmark meant that these imports were expensive, especially when other countries had thrown up protective tariffs.

  2. What was the role and significance of Joseph Goebbels in the Nazis regime 1933-45?

    He also lost favour with Hitler because of his erotic activities. He spoke about Hitler behind his back, in 1920 he said: "...the petty bourgeois Adolf Hitler show be expelled from the National Socialist Party." He found Hitler's talk of Bolshevism, foreign policy, redemption of rights and holidays of the princes and private property "terrible.

  1. adolf hitler

    He spent his time reading, walking and being driven fast around the countryside in his new supercharged Mercedes. For the first time in his life he began to take a serious interest in women. Hitler liked the company of beautiful and frivolous women and avoided women who wanted to discuss political issues.

  2. Nazi Germany Revision 1918-45

    1923: Putsch failed ? but by 1933 Nazis largest political party in Germany. 1923: Hitler relatively unknown, but by 1933 he was nationally known. During election campaigns used posters and mass meetings to hammer home his messages; flew across Germany to address meetings in every major city.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work