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How Did The Nazis Take And Maintain Control 1933 - 1941?

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Introduction

How Did The Nazis Take And Maintain Control 1933 - 1941? Germany. The First World War had ended and the Allies, France, Britain, Russia and the USA had succeeded and won the war whereas the Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungry and Turkey failed to win the war. A treaty was then brought up to keep peace after the war by the three leaders of the allies, better known as the 'Big Three' Georges Clemenceau the French Prime Minister, Woodrow Wilson the American President and finally Lloyd George the British Prime Minister. The treaty was better known as the Treaty Of Versailles, the treaty focussed on mostly Germany however three other treaties were signed, St. Germain with Austria, Trianon with Hungry and Neuilly with Bulgaria in the year 1919. Georges Clemenceau was fiercely determined to gain revenge on Germany and ensure that it could never threaten France again. He also wanted to make sure that France received full reparations for the damage done by German invasion and occupation. David Lloyd George was determined to maximise British gain from the treaty but then to avoid complete humiliation for Germany. He realised that it would be in Britain's long-term advantage to have a restored Germany with which to trade. However, he also knew that public opinion in Britain was in favour in punishing Germany. Woodrow Wilson believed that the strength of his own personality would prevail over what he saw as the petty self-interest of the European leaders. He wanted a peace based on the ideas outlined in his fourteen points, written in January 1918. The terms of The Treaty Of Versailles left many Germans bitter as the treaty made Germany responsible solely for the war as in Article 231. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler felt that the education taught to the youth and the generations to come should portray how important and successful his party, the Nazis, were. The teachings for the German children were very different from that of the past; Hitler took great trouble to make sure that young people were loyal to him. In schools, textbooks were rewritten to paint a good picture of the Nazis. However both sexes were taught differently to one another as girls were prepared for mother hood and home craft whilst boys should be steered towards an acceptance of war. But both sexes had to learn the Nazi way and were taught anti Jewish views and anti Jewish propaganda in race studies. Hitler also thought that it was important to allow the youth to attend groups that supported his movements, and therefore without hesitation he made these groups compulsory. Outside the classroom the youth of Germany were organised into several monuments targeting both boys and girls from ages 6 to 18. These groups were known as the Hitler Youth Movement, there were 5 in total. Every year, Hitler Youth Members had to go to training camps where they learned how to read maps, did sports and gymnastics and were taught Nazi ideas. Camp training was taken very seriously and all there scores were recorded for analysis from the events. Those with the best marks were sent to special schools where they were trained to be the leaders of the future. By 1939 some eight million young Germans belonged to the Hitler Youth Movement. Mothers and teachers of these students opted for change but the Nazi movement was too strong despite all their concerns about education and the well being of their students or children. ...read more.

Conclusion

After the beginning of 1938 the situation deteriorated rapidly as the Nazis felt mare confident and less concerned about what the rest of European views. Over the next 7 years the Nazis exterminated about 6 million Jews in camps such as Auschwitz, Treblinka and Sobibor, the decision was taken by Hitler and forced terror upon the Jews. One of the most important ways of maintaining power and control was to set up a security system, which could make sure that Nazi ideas and policies were enforced and wipe out any opposition. The two organisations responsible for these tasks were the SS and the Gestapo. The SS consisted of the main sections. One was responsible for security. Another was the Waffen SS, who were the most committed and dependable units within the armed forces. The third were the death head units during the Second World War these manned the concentration camps and were responsible for carrying out the extermination of the Jews. The main purpose of the Gestapo was to make sure that any opposition was dealt with the most ruthless measures. Many Germans feared the SS and the Gestapo because they knew that they were liable to arrest and questioned under torture, if they challenged Hitler's authority. The Nazis used terror and aggressive behaviour to control any anti-Nazi campaigns. This is one of the many reasons to why Hitler's scheme was successful. Overall, it can be said that Hitler and the Nazi's regime was successful between 1933-1941. They took control in many ways, through persecution and terror, the strong and effective propaganda and censorship strategies, improving the economy of the country, changing youth and education plans, introducing better working conditions and modernising leisure time. It was through these measures the Nazi's took and maintained control until 1941. ...read more.

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