• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the new economic policy cosolidate the boshevik rule?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did the New Economic Policy consolidate Bolshevik rule? The new economic policy helped the Bolsheviks consolidate power in multiple ways. It abolished grain requisitioning, reopened small businesses and removed the ban on private trade. However there were many other ways in which the Bolsheviks consolidated their power. The leadership of the Bolsheviks was excellent with powerful figures such as Lenin and Trotsky. The Bolsheviks removed all opposition, and red terror kept people loyal to the Bolsheviks through fear and discipline. The Bolsheviks also massively increased their popularity releasing a mass of decrees and by giving the Russians what they wanted and had been promised, Peace, Land and Bread. Although war communism had been effective in winning the Bolsheviks the civil war, it had caused terrible hardship for the Russian people. Peasants refused to produce food as it just got taken away by the government. This, along with the terrible weather of 1920 and 1921, led to a huge famine. It is estimated 7 million Russians died as a result of the famine. ...read more.

Middle

He also knew he needed to keep strict discipline and remove all opposition. Lenin immediately set up the Council of people's commissars (Sovnarkom). The Sovnarkom issued their first decree on 8 November announcing that Russia wanted peace with Germany. They then released a massive amount of decrees to try and strengthen the Bolshevik hold on Russia. Peasants were given the lands of the Tsar and the churches. Factories were also put into the hands of the workers, and the Bolsheviks were given the power to deal ruthlessly with opposition. Lenin had also promised free elections to the new constituent assembly. Elections were held in 1917, and as Lenin had feared the Bolsheviks did not gain a majority. Their rivals, the peasant based social revolutionaries won the elections. Lenin solved this problem in his typically direct way, and sent Trotsky and the red guards to close down the assembly and put down the protests as a result of it. Lenin now instead used the congress of soviets to pass his laws as it contained a Bolshevik majority. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the new economic policy was very effective in consolidating the Bolshevik power. It banned grain requisitioning which gave the peasants incentive to work, and also increased food production and therefore stopped the famine. It also allowed reopened small businesses under private trade meaning the Russians could earn a living, and spend what they earnt to strengthen Russian economy. The NEP lastly removed the ban on private trade, removing the need for a black market and allowing the flow of goods between towns and the countryside to flow more easily. Rationing was also abolished meaning people had to spent what they earnt on food and goods, this strengthened the financial economy. However the Bolsheviks also consolidated their power in other ways. They removed all opposition through the political system, the Cheka and the power that the Bolsheviks held to deal ruthlessly with opposition. They also gained support from the Russians by giving them Peace through the Brest-Litovsk treaty, and land through Bolshevik decrees which gave peasants the Tsars and the churches land. Lastly during the civil war, the Bolsheviks used red terror and the Cheka to keep loyalty to the reds, and to destroy the whites and any other opposition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Stalin and Lenin

    So Stalin used this law in 1934 and launched huge purges of all the people in the communist party and top government officials, who were rivals and threats to him, than Stalin out these people on a show trial in order to give a message of warning to anyone who

  2. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    In the Hundred Days, Roosevelt sent fifteen proposals to Congress and not one was refused. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration set about meeting the urgent needs of the poor. A sum of $500 million was spent creating soup kitchens, handing out blankets, creating employment schemes and nursery schools.

  1. Write an explanation of how the Bolsheviks made their rule more secure. Mention the ...

    All seemed well, but there was one problem. The Mensheviks, who were the less radical majority of the Social Democratic Labour Party, argued that the revolution had gone far enough; however the Bolsheviks insisted that it go further until a new, soviet state was established.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    He had already blocked some of Stolypin's plans to bring about basic education for the people, and regulations to protect factory workers.The Tsar however was easy to influence, and the Landlords and members of the court did so very well.

  1. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    collectivisation only meant that the peasants had signed a piece of paper, nothing solid had been achieved. In fact the whole of agriculture had moved backwards as resentful peasants proceeded to destroy equipment, farm buildings and crops as well as slaughtering and eating their livestock.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    In order that the strength of the working class should cease to be a mere potential and become a reality, it must be organised and concentrated in a single point. This can only be done through a political party with a courageous and far-sighted leadership and a correct programme.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work