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How did the Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between the Catholics and the Protestants?

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Introduction

How did the Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between the Catholics and the Protestants? For the social side of things, the Protestant politicians explained that both sides were at fault. Education for example, was a problem between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. However, they were equally determined to have a segregated education as they both wanted little contact with each other as possible. The Protestants politicians believed that if they had different religions then their education from their church would be different as well. Both Catholics and Protestants views were based on their upbringing and as they were only taught one view they are not open minded to any other beliefs or vision. What the politicians said about the separate education is true. Both Protestants and Catholics were brought up and taught to hate each other. The main aim for the loyalists was to protect unionism; therefore education and socialising were all separate. Their lifestyles were different as well. Catholics were not allowed to have an abortion and were not allowed to use contraceptive, and on the other hand Protestants were allowed to use these things. ...read more.

Middle

the groups thought to be responsible were the NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association), RUC (Royalist Ulster Constabulary), the Unionist Government, Loyalists, People's Democracy and the Irish government. NICRA's main concern was their civil rights campaign. It seems that the only part NICRA played in the arrival of the troops in Northern Ireland, was so that the troops could be protected, from the increasing violent behaviour of the loyalists. NICRA even showed calm and a peace, by stopping all the marches and campaign, when O'Neil promised them that his new reforms would give them equality in Northern Ireland. Yet it can be argued that some of NICRAs action could have provoked the loyalists. The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Associations had support from many Protestants. However the leaders in NICRA were mainly Republican Nationalists, even though the Unionists were campaigning for the same things as the Catholics. The civil right campaigners may have been peaceful but they may have provoked the loyalists by exaggerating about their situation. The Catholics were complaining that they were being treated unfairly such as the poor housing conditions and low paid jobs. This angered the loyalist, as they believed that the some Protestants were treated the same way and they were in the same situations as the Catholics. ...read more.

Conclusion

This only made the Catholics and Protestants lose their faith in O'Neill therefore he had lost control as well. However out of all the groups mentioned, their common denominator was the Loyalists. Nearly every group were provoked by the loyalists or were part of the loyalist groups. They brought increasing fear among both Catholics and Protestants. They were the only group who were violent all the time and did not show calm at all. Some Protestants were on the Catholics side, helping them with their civil rights campaign, loyalists called them the enemy within, as they were seen as helping the enemy. The loyalists were so determined to get everyone against the Catholics; they targeted bombs at other Protestants so that the Protestants would think that the Catholics were responsible. They destabilised and increased tension when Ian paisley said that the IRA was in action again. This made all the Unionist MPs turn against O'Neill because they believed that the IRA were really in action again. As a result the British troops were sent in to prevent the IRA up rise. However, there was no IRA and Ian Paisley and the loyalists were responsible for spreading fear among the people. Therefore the main group, responsible for the arrival of the British troops were the loyalists. The common denominator for all of the problems is the loyalist. ...read more.

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