• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did The Purges affect Russia?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In the 1930's the USSR faced a climate of terror known as the purges. The results of the purges caused millions of deaths of people from all social classes and resulted in Stalin being labelled as paranoid and delusional. The victims of the purges ranged from the class enemies to the Red Army and it seemed as though Stalin had not spared any social class in being victims of the purges. There were many reasons for the horrific events of the 1930s in the USSR, ranging from Stalin's personal desires for power to specific reasons for each social class. The event that sparked off the beginning of the purges was the assassination of Sergei Kirov in 1934. As Communist Party leader in Leningrad, Kirov posed a threat to Stalin and his economic policies. He was popular in the party and his power base was the former centre of opposition that had supported Zinoviev, so Stalin had reasons to mistrust Kirov. ...read more.

Middle

A further explanation of why the Purges began in 1934 is because of the war scare. The reason for the wave of terror may not have been just to boost Stalin's personal power within the Soviet Union, but may have had a genuine reason to protect the revolution. With the increasing threat coming form Germany, a genuine fear was placed within the Party about the loyalty of certain members, so Stalin thought it necessary to remove these members who had the potential of becoming spies for the opposition or criticising Stalin's handle on foreign policy or conduct of war. By removing potential rivals of the Communist Party, it gave Stalin a sense of comfort in knowing that they would not be present to potentially destroy the Communist Policy that the Bolsheviks had worked so hard to achieve during the revolution. Stalin had made sure that every social class in society had been thoroughly 'cleansed' of any person who had the potential of becoming a rival to Stalin. ...read more.

Conclusion

also, the growth of the army's importance and increase in defence resources posed a threat to Stalin, so the power of the army had to be cut down through the purges. The secret police, the NKVD, were even purged to make sure that even they posed no threat to Stalin. Class enemies like the Kulak's and spies were also purged due to having capitalist-like tendencies and going against the Communist policy which shows that all people are equal. In conclusion, there were many reasons as to why, in 1934, a climate or terror, known as the purges, began in the USSR. Some of these reasons were to enhance Stalin's power within the Soviet Union; other reasons were to do with removing specific social groups within society for different reasons. All of these reasons, however, contribute to the why the USSR was faced with a climate of Terror during the 1930s. Page 1 of 2 Shaheen Munshi 62B Why in 1934 did a Climate of Terror Begin in the USSR? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How did the rule of Stalin affect the Soviet Union?

    Some women took on jobs such as construction, steel making and engineering, which before were only done by the men. Women still got paid les than men and were not as likely as men to receive a promotion. Since there was a shortage of workers women had to work long hours.

  2. Why Did Stalin Use Terror and Purges in Such a Comprehensive Way during the ...

    However, his fear of being ousted from power was not necessarily unfounded. There is a possibility that the military leaders, such as Marshal Tukhachevsky really were planning a coup against Stalin. So, Terror might have arisen out of a genuine, though brutal, desire to protect the Revolution not simply to enhance Stalin's personal power.

  1. "Stalin was personally responsible for the Purges in Russia in the 1930s". Agree or ...

    It will be evident therefore that Stalin believed that these differing viewpoints were an unacceptable threat. Anyone not unquestioningly loyal to Stalin were to be "weeded out" and this is only one of the reasons put forward by historians as to why the purges began.

  2. Source related questions on Joseph Stalin

    People had everything to fear. Source C is an extract by H Ward, from the GCSE textbook 'World Powers in the 20th Century'. This text is written with hindsight; therefore the author knew what had happened previously. It is also an overview, and H War can write whatever she wants, as she will not face any repercussions.

  1. Stalin and Purges

    Once the Bolsheviks took power, he held a succession of posts that allowed him to build himself a strong position in the Party. By the time of Lenin's death, he was well placed to deal with his rivals in the struggle of leadership.

  2. Russia's sense of uniqueness

    Everybody got a bit of a slagging off-Lenin was a mardy old man towards the end therefore maj of Bols didn't want it 2 come out.) * ?????????????????MAKES STALIN LOOK GOOD?????????????????????? * T calls 4 more democracy within the party- this looses him support amongst privileged ranks.

  1. Purges and Hysteria in the Soviet Union

    A new breed of Soviet citizen was developing. Young adults were grateful for the opportunities that had been denied their poor parents - opportunities at occupations such as teaching, medicine and engineering. For many of them Stalin was a symbol of unity, and they believed that unity was necessary in the face of a world hostile to their nation.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    Under these circumstances, the policy of the regime was decisive. It was the blind alley of bureaucratic rule that brought the fireworks display of economic advance to a shuddering halt. Unlike the development of capitalism which relies on the market for the allocation of resources, a nationalised economy requires conscious planning and direction.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work