• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the role of the superpowers change in the Middle East in the years 1945-93

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked One way in which the superpowers played an part in the Arab-Israeli conflict was through the support of the foundation of Israel in 1948. Golda Meir?s fundraising efforts were very successful, as she was able to procure $50 million in private donations from the US, showing the initial stages of US support for the Israelis. These donations proved useful for the purchase of armaments by the Israelis. Both the Soviets and the Americans immediately accepted the formation of the new state of Israel, but it was the Americans who were more overwhelmingly supportive. This links to way in which the Soviet Union was also increasingly supportive of states in the Middle East, namely the Arab states. ...read more.

Middle

It is estimated that the US donated $2bn to Israel and the USSR donated $2.5bm to the Arab states during the Six Day War of 1967, and this is not excluding the tanks and MiG fighter planes loaned out to Egypt by the USSR before the war. After the Six Day War, Israel became the primary ally for the Americans in the Middle East, and was the prime recipient of armaments and economic funding. This shows the increasing influence of the superpowers in the Middle East, and the increasing use of the Middle East in the proxy war between the US and the USSR. This links to another way in which the superpowers were involved in the conflict in the Middle East, but this time, to partake in peace talks to end the Yom Kippur War. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows how the superpowers became so involved in the conflict, in the way that they began to resolve the conflict. Overall, the ways in which the involvement of the superpowers in the Arab-Israeli conflict were through the initial support of Israel through private donations from the US, linking to how the USSR began to support the opposite side - the Arabs, to gain a Cold War foothold in the Middle East, linking to how the superpowers became increasingly involved in the conflict, to the point where the Middle East became a site for the proxy wars of the Cold War, linking to how the focus shifted to preventing further conflict in the Middle East, to prevent the war from expanding further. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    which left the leader of the state open to attack. As a result Gorbachev allied himself with the "aligned urban democrats of Yeltsin's Russian regime" (MG+tEoSP P52) further polarising the rifts in the CPSU. All these reasons show why Gorbachev might have contributed indirectly to the coup.

  2. Why did the relations between superpowers worsen between 1945-1949?

    In June 1948, Britain, France and America united their zones into a new country, West Germany. On the 23rd June 1948, they introduced a new currency, which they said would help trade. Stalin was extremely hostile towards these actions taken by the US, he wanted a weak Germany, not a reunified one.

  1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Israel wanted recognition of state, and they got this when Yasser Arafat took over. They also wanted an end to all terror and violence, but still did not want Arab refugees returning. They wanted to keep territory, and wanted Jerusalem to be an occupied area.

  2. Why has there been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours since 1973?

    Hamas and Hezbollah is another contributing factor for the conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours. Hamas is a Palestinian Islamist organization that forms the main party of the Palestinian National Authority. Hamas is known outside the Palestinian territories for its suicide bombings and other attacks against Israel, specifically civilians, as well as military and security forces targets.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    During this time the world held its breath. However, USSR agreed to withdraw missiles from Cuba is USA (secretly) withdrew missiles from Turkey. Briefly explain the key features of the Prague Spring reforms in 1968 (6 marks) When Brezhnev became the leader of the USSR, he brought about the idea of ?socialism with a human face?.

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Missiles would be removed from turkey but well after the removal of missiles from Cuba. Results of the crisis Kennedy seemed to gain popularity through the publicised war. The deal over Turkish missiles was not made public at the time.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    dominos - referring about the nations of Asia and the prospect that if one became communist than the rest would follow * Domino Theory, was a simple rationale for US policy of containment. Influential as it seemed to describe what was actually happening - spread from USSR, to China to Korea and on to Indochina and South East Asia.

  2. What were the key features of the Yom Kippur War 1973

    War became international crises when the Soviet Union threatened to send in troops. Henry Kissinger, the US secretary of state, was sent to Moscow to negotiate a cease-fire. Kissinger managed to agree to the UN revolution 338, which pronounced an immediate cease-fire.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work