• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Second Balkan War of 1913 change the relations between the powers in both eastern and western Europe?

Extracts from this document...


How did the Second Balkan War of 1913 change the relations between the powers in both eastern and western Europe? Introduction It was only after one year from the outbreak of the First Balkan War, that the Second Balkan war began in 1913.. Like the first one, this war was also confined to the newly independent Balkan powers. Its cause, likewise, was again the boundary conflict. Since the Balkan peninsula was not a big place, if the Balkan states wanted to enlarge their size by getting more territories, war became inevitable. At this time, Bulgaria sparked the fire by secretly attacking Serbia. This was primarily because Bulgaria thought that Serbia had got more that she deserved after the First Balkan War, and Bulgaria wanted to get back Eastern Rumania from Serbia by the use of force. When the war started, the Turks, Rumanians and Greeks joined in to support Serbia in her fight against the Bulgarians, Since the war was a four to one competition, Bulgaria was defeated. ...read more.


Bulgaria, Austria and Germany As the only defeated country, Bulgaria was the loser of the Second Balkan War, From this war, she learned the lesson that she should never attempt to fight alone. She then gradually tried to side with Austria and Germany because when she was forced to give up the gain that she had got in the First Balkan War in he Bucharest Conference, Russia did not help her. The occasion clearly manifested the Russian support of Serbia. Tough Germany had also not helped Bulgaria in the war because of the German linked with turkey, Romania and Greece, Germany did help prevent the others to take advantage from her during and after the war. Bulgaria also considered Austria to be a friendly state because Austria had appealed to Germany for a joint intervention on the Bulgarian side during the war, though it was turned down by Germany. As a result,, Bulgaria began to look to Germany and Austria for support after the Second Balkan War and Germany helped her to reform that further consolidated their friendship, Turkey and Germany Other than Bulgaria, Turkey also gradually looked to Germany for support. ...read more.


She decided, then to support the Austria expansion in the Balkan Peninsula in order to stop the Russian advancement there, hoping to create a new balance of power in the Balkans. The only reservation of this diplomacy was the attitude of Germany towards the Eastern Question. Anyway, it seemed to be the only thing that she could do if she wanted to continue her splendid isolation. Conclusion The situation in the Balkan peninsula after the Second Balkan War was now very clear, though it was quite complex. Russia helped Serbia' Austria created and supported Albania; Germany seized the friendship of Bulgaria and Turkey ; and Serbia and Austria were deadlocked enemies. According to these relationships, once conflicts occurred, it was very likely that Russia and Germany would come in and with their intervention, the problem would most likely escalate. Since Serbia and Austria were likely to have an armed showdown , and since Russia and Germany were their close allies, a local war between the former two would invite the coming of the latter. The local war would then become a European war and Britain. France and Italy would all be forced to join in. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Notes on International Relations 1919-1939

    the Weimar Republic, were blamed for the Treaty of Versailles * The German people thought that Ebert and the socialists were traitors of Germany * Cartoon = starving child (The Well Fed German?) o Social comment on how the reparations were effecting the people of Germany * i.e.

  2. "Tension between the countries of Europe increased in year before 1914 due to the ...

    France were given control of the Moroccan State Bank and police and the Entente Cordiale strengthened even more - Britain and France were now making joint military plans together. The reason why war was avoided was Britain, Germany, France and Morocco discussed the Moroccan crisis in the Algeciras conference.

  1. The Western Front

    Treaty of Sevres , between the Allies and Turkey, signed 10 Aug, 1920 5. Treaty of Lausanne between the Allies and Turkey, signed 24 July 1923 World War I: chronology 1914 28 June: Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria 28 June.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    Russia - too occupied by internal problems Britain - policy of isolation But in 1914, everyone expected war to come Alliance system Balkan wars __ intensified international Nationalism relationship Armament Race They expected war - they thought war was inevitable, war was the only way to solve the problems.

  1. The Rise of Nation States in Europe

    * They chose Louis Napoleon (nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, a conservative) to be the president. * These ideas of revolution, however, spread to other European countries. Lots of revolutions stared in Europe (although all of them failed). We call 1848 "The Year of Revolution".

  2. Summary of the Situation of Europe in the 1900s

    They were allied for security. They wanted to gain some land from the Ottoman Empire, join the Slavic people and also gain Constantinople. Turkey or the Ottoman Empire had a sultanate ruling. The sultans had absolute power but it was contest by the Committee of Union and Progress.

  1. Which Had A greater impact on the Second World War

    We know that the treaty was unsuccessful as it leads to another war; Hitler came into action and firstly stopped paying the reparations which caused stress between the Germans and French, Hitler did this so he could restore Germanys former glory.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    Mussolini did not offer support to Austria and Britain and France did not intervene. The plebiscite held in 10th April 1938 showed that 99.75% of Austrians who voted supported joining Germany. Hitler saw the League?s appeasement as further proof that they were not prepared to take action to stop him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work