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How did the Second World War effect life in wartime Britain?

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Introduction

How did the Second World War effect life in wartime Britain? The war that changed the world began on the 3rd of September 1939 and lasted six long years. During this time it took the lives of over forty million people including 20 million civilians, never has a single war before or since claimed so many lives. In the Battle of Britain forty thousand people were killed if operation sealion had been carried out many more would have perished. This war was truly a world war, battles raged not just in Europe but also in Africa, Asia and in North America. This war left many cities including most of Eastern Europe in ruins and created a rift between East and West that only officially ended at the fall of the USSR in 1989, but I believe it is still going on. Many people at the time put the blame squarely on the German leader Adolph Hitler who is now forever associated with evil and spoken of with hatred. His Nazi party had almost completely indoctrinated Germany with their ideas such as the Aryan race theory. They had made Hitler into a God like figure who they would die for without a word. The Nazis had achieved this through a revolutionary form of politics master minded by Joseph Gobles, which was propaganda. The streets of Germany were overflowing with Nazi posters, every building waved the swastika and every radio simultaneously played Hitler's speech. ...read more.

Middle

Also I know that 40,000 people were killed so this meant that there was a constant threat of death for the citizens to deal with. Source A4 shows us first hand experience of the carnage caused by a single bomb; Londoners will have heard these stories and would be very scared. Other effects that caused suffering to the people of London is that 1.5 million children had to be evacuated to the countryside for their safety in Operation Pied Piper. Also with many of the men away from their homes the birth rate decreased. Another effect was rationing when food was limited to British citizens, as food could not come in and a lot of it went to the army. The Blitz caused suffering also in every day life as people had to carry gas masks everywhere in case of gas bombs. Source A2 (i) and (ii) how people could not be safe in there own homes and had to find shelter elsewhere. From my own knowledge I know that Anderson shelter were cramped and often damp. The London Underground was ill equipped to house the refugees, as even basic needs such as toilets were not provided. These are some of the ways the people of London have suffered. SECTION B 1. The difference between Source B1 (i) and B1 (ii) is that one working class boy found life much better living in the country side as he had for the first time tools of hygiene that we take for granted. ...read more.

Conclusion

'Some workers, doing heavy jobs like mining or steel-making, did not get enough food' Source C5. I know that the weekly amount is just below the amount of calories an adult man has in seven days and men working in heavy manual labour will need much more food. 'The worst aspect of rationing, for most people was that it made life even more of a struggle, even more tedious'. From the ration list I know that there was no variety thus making cooking very boring as new recipes were running out. 5. There were many changes forced upon to the British public during the war to get much needed supplies to the front. These changes were enforced by the laws and the police, as they became a priority for the government. Children had to be evacuated out of the major cities as they were targeted by the German air force. This cased a lot of heart ache as we read from many Sources, many children had no idea were very unhealthy as a result of this. Also all men from 18 to 40 was conscripted to the army this meant that they would not see their families for many years. There were some good changes like women getting a higher social standing and more freedom to do what they want. With women conscripted in organisations they became more independent as they had jobs. Another unlikely good change was for some working class people who became healthier as a result of rationing. Farhat Hasan History Coursework ...read more.

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