• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Soviet Union deal with Eastern Europe, 1945-1956?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did the Soviet Union deal with Eastern Europe, 1945-1956? After the Second World War there were disagreements between the USA and the Soviets over how Germany and the rest of Europe should be governed. The soviets wanted the Germans to be punished and they also wanted to take control of the Eastern European countries or at least make sure they were under communist control. They wanted to control these countries to make sure that they had some power in the world and had some say on how things were run with an empire behind them. They also wanted to spread their ideological beliefs across Europe showing that in their opinion communist control was the best way forward. The Soviets took control of East Europe by using their force and other methods, which will be described later in the essay, but in the end they nearly controlled the whole of Eastern Europe. After the Second World War had ended the leaders of the USA, Soviet Union and Britain met to decide what they were going to do about Europe and more specifically what they were going to do about Germany, know as the German question. ...read more.

Middle

He now had almost complete control over Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania. When the communist first took over in Eastern Europe it gave the people of those countries a lot of hope as the ideology of the party was good and they thought that they would be in for good lives. However the reality was very different, these countries had for along time had freedom and free speech but this was now gone, they would find that they now had no say over how their country was run. Although people in these countries were given jobs it was only in factories and producing goods for the Soviet Union and not their countries. The people in these countries were starting to see what Stalin was doing and when they did protest the Soviets just brought in tanks and the army to stop this happening. This showed that if anyone protested about what the Soviets where doing they would be treated with severely, there were many examples of this happening. In 1948 the Soviets tried to take their control one step further when they blockaded Berlin. They were worried that people in East Berlin saw the lives of people in the West and would try to flee. ...read more.

Conclusion

However Khrushchev then went and talked out about Stalin criticising his policies and him as a person. Stalin was a hero in the USSR and had the respect of people in Eastern Europe so what Khrushchev said shocked everyone. Many countries saw this as there chance to get out of communist control and one example of this was the Hungarian Uprising. This was the most successful of the rebellions with many Hungarians fleeing and at first Khrushchev didn't do much about it but when Hungary asked to leave the Warsaw Pact he realised he had to act. So like Stalin he sent in the troops and thousand of Hungarians were killed including Imre Nagy who had led the strike. In conclusion, the Soviets needed protection against future attacks so they set about controlling Eastern Europe they felt that if they could build a big enough empire they would be able to defend themselves against any attacks. They did this by using bullying methods and often made sure that elections were rigged to make sure they were in control. There were many times that countries went on strike against them but whenever that happened the Soviets just sent the army in. There was one thing The Soviets did with Eastern Europe and that was control them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain why the USA and the Soviet Union did not trust eachother after the ...

    The reason for this being that he didn't want Stalin to realise that his chance to gain land in Japan was in jeopardy which could cause him to start an invasion. The USSR still however agreed that they would invade by the 8th of August.

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    His actions destabilized the USSR because they were bad choices, and this would have a negative impact on the strength of the USSR. Historians believe he "yielded one position after another" (ZA P87) and this can be demonstrated in Poland, where he told the communists under Rakowski "the time has come to yield power" (CW P382).

  1. Deng and the Gang of Four

    "Only socialism can save China." Socialism can make use of the market just as capitalism makes use of planning. He has seen as someone that freed China and made them more independent. However, his policies are now very much discredited.

  2. In February 1943, the German army surrendered at Stalingrad. Was Hitler's interference the main ...

    This was demoralising to the rest of the line, as it was a defeat. The overstretch also meant that supply lines were stretched, having to supply such a broad front. This weak front also contributed to the lack of supplies to the 6th army, as it meant that German territory, thus airfields, was moving further away.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Describe one decision made about nuclear weapons in the SALT in 1972 (2 marks) The superpowers agreed to reduce the numbers of ICBM?s, ABM?s and SLBM?s so as to slow down the Arms Race as well as to stop spending so much money on it.

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe and the USSR?

    This was exactly what happened; by 1985 Gorbachev realized he could not continue pumping funds into the war so he decided to withdraw soviet troops from the area. Soon after this withdrawal, he started START talks with the USA, which would limit the amount of nuclear weapons being manufactured, saving money for Gorbachev to put back into the economy.

  1. How did Stalin take over Eastern Europe between 1945 and 1949?

    To tighten control, he created the Cominform in 1947. The cominform's aim was to coordinate the work of the communist governments and to allow Stalin to keep an eye on all of the communist leaders to see if they were still loyal to him.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    played by out on firegn shores - crucial moment in Cold War's development The Cuban Missile Crisis Nature - Cuba was under the rule of corrupt Batista government who was supported by the US - 1st of January 1959 - Fidel Castro & Che Guevara revolution - Castro takeover -->

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work