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How did the Soviet Union deal with Eastern Europe, 1945-1956?

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Introduction

How did the Soviet Union deal with Eastern Europe, 1945-1956? After the Second World War there were disagreements between the USA and the Soviets over how Germany and the rest of Europe should be governed. The soviets wanted the Germans to be punished and they also wanted to take control of the Eastern European countries or at least make sure they were under communist control. They wanted to control these countries to make sure that they had some power in the world and had some say on how things were run with an empire behind them. They also wanted to spread their ideological beliefs across Europe showing that in their opinion communist control was the best way forward. The Soviets took control of East Europe by using their force and other methods, which will be described later in the essay, but in the end they nearly controlled the whole of Eastern Europe. After the Second World War had ended the leaders of the USA, Soviet Union and Britain met to decide what they were going to do about Europe and more specifically what they were going to do about Germany, know as the German question. ...read more.

Middle

He now had almost complete control over Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania. When the communist first took over in Eastern Europe it gave the people of those countries a lot of hope as the ideology of the party was good and they thought that they would be in for good lives. However the reality was very different, these countries had for along time had freedom and free speech but this was now gone, they would find that they now had no say over how their country was run. Although people in these countries were given jobs it was only in factories and producing goods for the Soviet Union and not their countries. The people in these countries were starting to see what Stalin was doing and when they did protest the Soviets just brought in tanks and the army to stop this happening. This showed that if anyone protested about what the Soviets where doing they would be treated with severely, there were many examples of this happening. In 1948 the Soviets tried to take their control one step further when they blockaded Berlin. They were worried that people in East Berlin saw the lives of people in the West and would try to flee. ...read more.

Conclusion

However Khrushchev then went and talked out about Stalin criticising his policies and him as a person. Stalin was a hero in the USSR and had the respect of people in Eastern Europe so what Khrushchev said shocked everyone. Many countries saw this as there chance to get out of communist control and one example of this was the Hungarian Uprising. This was the most successful of the rebellions with many Hungarians fleeing and at first Khrushchev didn't do much about it but when Hungary asked to leave the Warsaw Pact he realised he had to act. So like Stalin he sent in the troops and thousand of Hungarians were killed including Imre Nagy who had led the strike. In conclusion, the Soviets needed protection against future attacks so they set about controlling Eastern Europe they felt that if they could build a big enough empire they would be able to defend themselves against any attacks. They did this by using bullying methods and often made sure that elections were rigged to make sure they were in control. There were many times that countries went on strike against them but whenever that happened the Soviets just sent the army in. There was one thing The Soviets did with Eastern Europe and that was control them. ...read more.

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