• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise in power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise in power? The Treaty of Versailles was imposed on Germany in 1919 by the winning allies, who included Britain and France. The Treaty consisted of five main points. The first was stated in clause 231 and blamed Germany and Germany alone for the war. This point angered the Germans as they felt it was extremely unjust. Great Britain had been involved in the naval race with Germany and so Germany was hostile towards being singled out and punished. Germany now saw Great Britain as an aggressive colonial power. The second point was reparations. Reparations called for Germany to pay �6600milion, as they were responsible for the war. Obviously if they didn't feel as though they started the war why should they have to pay? This anger wasn't just directed at the winning allies. The Germans felt betrayed by the politicians who had signed the Treaty of Versailles. They believed that politicians were supposed to look after their interests and yet they were seen to be giving money to Great Britain, USA and France when people were starving. ...read more.

Middle

Each one of the points of the Treaty is branded in the minds and hearts of the German people... We will have weapons again". Again he condemned the Treaty saying "sixty million men and women find their soles aflame with a feeling of rage and shame". The fourth point removed land from Germany. Losses include the following: Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, after a plebiscite North Schleswigg went to Denmark, the Polish corridor was created, the Saarland was to be run by the League of Nations but France had control of the coal mines for fifteen years and the German colonies became mandates of the League of Nations. Out of the mandates Britain gained Jordan and Tanganyika and France got Lebanon. The Germans bitterly resented their loss of land and they also felt desperation, as they saw no way of paying back the reparations without their prime industrial land. This was a double punishment. The fifth point was the League of Nations. This was set up as an international "police force". ...read more.

Conclusion

As Carr states " it was not the contents of his speeches" that drew the middle-class audiences to him but "the denunciation of the Versailles Treaty, rhetorical talk about German's future glory and promises of tax reductions" (Carr: The 20th Century). Hitler was a great orator and leader and his oratory skills are linked to how the Treaty of Versailles contributed to his rise in power as without them he would not have been fully able to express his feelings and opinions to the people. The Treaty of Versailles gave Hitler ammunition. It led directly to the invasion of the Ruhr (as it allowed France to) and hence to hyperinflation. As Walsh states "The Treaty of Versailles destabilised Germany politically but the German's also blamed it for another problem - economic chaos". The Treaty imposed reparations, which the German's did not pay. The lack of repayment led the French into invading the Ruhr to confiscate raw materials and goods. The strikes that followed directly led to hyperinflation. As MacKichan states "the causes of hyperinflation were varied and complex but the German's did not see it that way. They blamed reparations and the Weimar Republic". The Treaty also therefore emphasised the weakness within the Weimar government. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    This was 10% of Germanys land taken away from them. In addition industrial areas such as the Saar land was given to the French to help France raise money to repair itself as most of the fighting had taken place on French soil.

  2. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    depression and so all loans to Germany were recalled by the USA. The USA was unwilling to support Germany when its own economy was in a mess. Industries suffered and so cut jobs. Therefore all Stresemans work was for nought as Germans only got short-term good economic times.

  1. Was the Treaty of Versailles fair on Germany?

    Therefore, she had to pay reparations, the bulk of which would go to France and Belgium to pay for the damage done to the infrastructure of both countries by the war. Quite literally, reparations would be used to pay for the damage to be repaired.

  2. Hitlers rise to power

    He gained very important publicity from his trial of which he was sentenced to five years in prison. This was great for Hitler because it gave him a chance to show his leadership skills and he also revealed a strong belief of his which happened to be a popular belief of the general public at the time.

  1. What was the overall impact of the treaty of Versailles?

    The issue of financial burdens imposed upon Germany as compensation for the losses incurred by the Allies was most certainly an important impact of the Treaty of Versailles. The pessimists say that the compensations which the Weimar government was forced to pay were largely due to the fact that Germany

  2. Hitler's Rise to Power

    The Treaty of Versailles didn't directly effect Hitler's rise to power however it caused the economic depression which aided greatly because it angered the people and made people desperate enough to attend Hitler's rallies. The Munich Putsch was Hitler's first attempt in gaining power, although it failed in the short term, there were great effects in the long term.

  1. Versailles Effect On GermanyThe Treaty of Versailles: Prelude to WWII The Treaty of Versailles ...

    Germany's future was not looking bright. The Allies had created impossible reparations to pay, (which had resulted in the invasion of the Rhur Valley by the French in 1923, adding to hate towards the French) they had left no industry to rebuild the economy with, Germany's territory and population were greatly reduced, and there was tremendous resentment.

  2. Germany, 1918-1945 - Treaty of Versailles.

    Nazis their full support by putting a gun to one of their heads. Hitler gained recognition not only for the Putsch but also for the trial that took place later. His 24-day trial reached the front page on a daily basis.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work