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How Did The Tsar Survive The 1905 Revolution?

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Introduction

How Did The Tsar Survive The 1905 Revolution? The 1905 revolution was a dangerous time for the Tsar of Russia at the time, Nicholas II. There was much unrest among the Russian people during the early years of the 20th century and many revolutionary groups were beginning to emerge as an immediate threat to the Tsar and his regime. The tsar had been the unquestioned autocratic leader in Russia for generations but the Russian people where getting tired of this way of governing one of the largest empires. They felt that they were beginning to become outdated in their ways compared to the western civilisations of Europe who had all now become democratic. Many people believed that in order for Russia to remain a strong country than a democratic system was needed to keep the provinces of Russia under control. Nicholas II however, felt that their was no need for change and had grown up under the tutor of Konstantin Pobedonastev who had taught the Tsar from a young age that the autocratic system was the best and that it should remain intact at all costs. Because of this talk of revolt became rife among many of the Russian people and the Tsar issued concessions in order to save his power as best he could. ...read more.

Middle

Unlike during the revolution of 1917, the opposition were not one big group and worked more or less against each other instead of joining powers and uniting against the Tsar. In this effect, if the opposition had have become more organised I think that the Tsar would indeed have been overturned in 1905 but the opposition did not organise themselves in the proper way and so the Tsar had the upper hand. When the tsar issued the concessions in the October Manifesto, all the social groups thought that this was their chance to make a difference and so they all had their own agendas. These did not all go together and so much of the Duma, which the Tsar had set up, was groups arguing over things and actually rarely getting things done. This could have been sheer luck for the Tsar or he might have planned it to go this way as he knew that the groups would not have got along or agreed on matters. Nevertheless this was a good move on the Tsars hand and once again he had the upper hand. Many of the motives that were passed in the Duma were also far more economical than they were political. This meant that in actual fact the tsar still held a lot of power. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the space of those 11 years many things were done to try and keep the unrest of the people at bay but it was "Too little, too late". The revolution of 1905 wasn't really a revolution at all but was more of an uprising against the system of leadership at the time and the term revolution suggests that the system is totally turned around and a new governing body is brought in. this however was not the case in Russia. After this so called revolution the Tsar still held most of his powers he did before the revolution and so it in fact did nothing to take away any of his powers. All the concessions did was to grant the people the right to a duma and the freedom of speech and meeting for political parties. But the Tsar watered down the Duma so much that no one voter really had much effect in the way the country was run and if the Tsar didn't like what the duma was doing than he had the power to dissolve it at his own will. The people that did eventually make it to the Duma found that it was mostly run and controlled by the nobility. This eventually led to the unrest of the people emerging again in the years leading to and during the war and an eventual revolution. Nigel Caunt 12:3 Tuesday 14th October 2 Nigel Caunt 12:3 Tuesday 14th October ...read more.

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