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How do the philosophies of President Hoover with those of President Roosevelt compare, in the effects these philosophies had upon America and in their approaches to relieve America of the Great Depression?

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Introduction

How do the philosophies of President Hoover with those of President Roosevelt compare, in the effects these philosophies had upon America and in their approaches to relieve America of the Great Depression? Brenna Tyler 1065 029 Word Count: 1995 Mr. Rob Ayres February 2003 Table of Contents Title Page..............................................................................Page 1 Table of Contents.....................................................................Page 2 A. Plan of the Investigation.........................................................Pages 3 B. Summary of Evidence............................................................Pages 3-6 C. Evaluation of Sources............................................................Pages 7-8 D. Analysis............................................................................Pages 8-12 E. Conclusion.........................................................................Pages 12-13 F. Sources and Word Limit.........................................................Pages 13-14 A. Plan of Investigation: This investigation seeks to evaluate the differing philosophies of President Herbert C. Hoover with those of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in their approaches to end the Great Depression of America. The "Summary of Evidence" will list and compare these philosophies. In the "Evaluation of Sources," the credibility of the two most important sources used for this investigation, (The Great Depression: Opposing Viewpoints and The American President), will be evaluated. The philosophies of the presidents from "Summary of Evidence" will then be further analyzed in "Analysis" including how their actions during their administration reflected their philosophies from relief of the Great Depression, and how these actions affected America, shared through varying viewpoints. B. Summary of Evidence: The "Roaring 20's" was a celebration of the American dream of prosperity and life after WWI. ...read more.

Middle

If any limitation exists, it may be it's publishing date of 1994, since new evidence may have subsequently been revealed of the depression. However for the purposes of this investigation, this is insignificant as this source is used to express the views people had during the time of the depression. D. Analysis: The investigation of evaluating the philosophies of President Hoover and President Roosevelt's, in their approach to end the Great Depression is important. The Great Depression from 1929 until WWII was the first major economic crisis of America. The ways in which both President Hoover and President Roosevelt handled this 'crisis,' had a powerful influence on the future of America and how the government and American society forever changed in order to prevent such an occurrence. After the crash of 1929, President Hoover decided to withhold federal funds from interfering with private enterprises, because of his "strong philosophical convictions of the proper limits of the federal government. (Greenhaven Press 24)." However, Hoover took considerable action towards the relief of the depression. On November 21, he summoned industrialists, business, farm, and labor leaders to the White House for a conference encouraging them to maintain workers wages and hours, avoiding unemployment and declining of consumption levels (Kunhardt). Although this approach worked for a year, it was less than successful. ...read more.

Conclusion

President Roosevelt succeeded in relieving America of its depression. His philosophies did fail in a number of ways, with opportunities that fumbled, and groups who were neglected, but his "New Deal" "gave far greater amplitude to the national state, expanded the authority of the presidency, mandated minimal working standards, unemployment insurance and aid for dependent children, provided jobs for millions of unemployed, and transformed the economy of agriculture." "The New Deal accomplished all of this at a critical time, when many were insisting that fascism was the wave of the future and denying the democracy could be effective." (Greenhaven Press) F. Sources and Word Limit: The American Presidency. 2000. 31 Jan 2003. < http://gi.grolier.com/presidents/nbk/side/newdeal.html> Greenhaven Press. American History Series: The Great Depression Opposing Viewpoints. William Dudley, Book Editor. San Diego, California: Green Haven Press, 1994. Gupta, Pranav. Philosophies of President Hoover and President Roosevelt. 7 March 1996. 21 Dec. 2002 <http://www.bergen.org/AAST/Projects/depression/>. Hughes, L. Patrick. Herbert Hoover's Tragic Presidency. 1999. 31 Jan 2003. < http://www2.austincc.edu/lpatrick/his2341/tragic.html> Kunhardt, Jr., Philip B. Franklin Delano Roosevelt . 2000. 28 Dec. 2002 <http://www.americanpresident.org/kotrain/courses/FDR/FDR_In_Brief.htm>. Kunhardt, Jr., Philip B. . Herbert Hoover . 2000. 28 Dec. 2002 <http://www.americanpresident.org/kotrain/courses/HH/HH_Issues_to_Ponder.htm>. New York Times. The New Deal. Carl N. Degler, Book Editor. New York, N.Y.: The New York Times Company, 1970. Presidency. 31 Jan 2003. <http://www.iowa-city.k12.ia.us/hoover/presidency.html> Rublowsky, John. After the Crash. New York, N.Y.: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1970. Word Count: A.) 111 B.) 450 C.) 360 D.) 832 E.) 236 TOTAL: 1995 1065 029 - 1 - ...read more.

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