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How effective was the Evacuation?

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Introduction

The evacuation of children in the Second World War has both its up and downsides. With various degrees of intensity however each one being important to Britain, the children themselves and of course how the success of the evacuation can be measured. The evacuation came about as the British government was worried that a new war might begin when Hitler came to power in 1933. They were afraid that British cities and towns would be targets for bombing raids by aircraft therefore people were evacuated. By the end of the Second World War around 3.5 million people, mainly children had experienced evacuation. No one was forced to go but parents were encouraged by posters and told that their children would be safer from German bombs if they moved to the country. Source D is trying to convince rural Scottish adults to provide homes for evacuees and it's very effective although it doesn't prove evacuation is a success because it is incredibly biased in favour of it. ...read more.

Middle

Source A also shows the reader how apparently successful evacuation with all the happiness that is given off from the children going to be evacuated. This makes the reader think that evacuation can it can only be a good thing however. This is suspect to suspicion as I know from my own knowledge of the evacuation that children were often upset and miserable about being taken from their homes to strange places. Looking at the photograph we can see anxious Mothers bringing up the rear of the group which we know was the case during these times. We can see the gas mask boxes, traveling bags and tags on the children which we know to be authentic. These items were typical of evacuees during the evacuation. However this source may not be reliable in the fact that it is an example of evacuation from one place at one time. Although the photograph shows visual evidence of the evacuation situation it shows no opinion and little insight into the effect of evacuation. ...read more.

Conclusion

The interview is simply about the atmosphere in the station when they left, the mood is slightly gloomy as it says that the children were afraid to talk. This paints a very different picture from the one of the government. This interview took place in 1988 that makes this source a bit unreliable because she could be exaggerating and we don't know how accurate her memory is and its also only one memory of evacuation which therefore can't be the way all evacuations went. Source E is negative source when compared with the rest it is an extract from and interview with a father with seven year old son. The father tells the observer that his child isn't going anywhere and the data is accurate because it comes from 1940 which proves that it is reliable. It shows other readers of the time that evacuation has its critics and isn't all that the government say it is. Although, the piece only contains the opinion of one person so it can't represent a common opinion even if other people still thought the same way it can't prove it. ...read more.

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