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How far can the Civil Rights Movements be seen as a success by the end of 1962?

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´╗┐How far can the Civil Rights Movements be seen as a success by the end of 1962? America is commonly known as ?the land of the free and the home of the brave?, the first great democracy and a country where ?All men are created equal? and they have the right to ?life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness?. They used this ideology as vindication for invading over countries to ?make them like America?. However as this was happening, a large proportion of Americans were, like the countries America was trying to change, oppressed and treated like second-class citizens. Having been shipped over as slaves, African Americans were eventually freed at the end of the Civil War in 1865 as slavery was abolished, theoretically making them equal, but despite this, there was still an unfair mentality about them, a large reason why the Civil Rights Movement faced such a great task, as they had the change preconceived ideas about the Blacks before any legislation would be followed. ...read more.


At the start of the war, the army refused to train black officers; the air force would not let them train as pilots; and the navy would only use black servicemen in the kitchens. Black peoples? blood could not be used for wounded white servicemen. Some of these barriers were broken down by government pressure during the war: 600 black pilots saw combat before the end of the war, and all three of the services eventually had black officers. However, all black servicemen had to fight in segregated units. Blacks were not allowed to die alongside whites. In 1948 President Truman officially banned the segregation of black and white people in the armed forces. However small, this marked a large step in equal rights for black people. Segregation between whites and blacks was a prominent issue. It needed to be broken down before the two races could be equal. Both segregation on buses and schools were abolished due to blacks? peaceful protests. Famously Rosa Parks, who was sitting in the Negro section of a bus, refused to get up for a white man. ...read more.


and involves governors and state troops, especially against children who are innocent in this race war. With the media, their aggression shows their weakness. However blacks are portrayed very well to the media as they use non-violent protest contrary to the whites. They also get the support of the military which is ideal as they do not need to be shown being violent. It also shows that some white people seem to have been changing their minds, caused by violence and black?s peacefulness and Christianity. The Civil Rights Movements laid down the opportunity for equality between whites and blacks; the legislation needed was put into place, however the whites themselves needed convincing. The same people, who were in the Ku Klux Klan fighting against the blacks, were now expected to support equality. Despite this, mentalities were starting the change. Due the non-violence and innocence of their campaign, whites were starting to support the blacks in their struggle for equality. In this way, the Civil Rights Movements can be seen as a complete success, but a little more is needed to convince the inherently racist white southerners that this was the right thing to do before there is absolute equality. Half Term ...read more.

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