• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far did Germany undergo a Social Revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far did Germany undergo a social revolution? The question asks whether actions in Germany concerning the Nazi Party versus the state, the army, SS terror and violence, propaganda, propaganda and culture, education and youth, women and the church contributed to Germany undergoing a social revolution. Hitler claimed the "Nazi party has become the state". This suggested that the church, army and civil service were all controlled by the Nazis but in reality a dual state was in existence. This meant that for every state institution, there was a Nazi equivalent. Hitler may have allowed this to happen through indecision, laziness or the fact that his interest had been diverted elsewhere by his foreign policy and anti-semitism. An alternative to this is that Hitler may have tried to strengthen his own position while the state and party institutions were busy arguing between them-"divide and rule." But, later Hess and then Bormann took control and Nazified the civil service. So, the fact that the Nazi run state was efficient was just a myth as the party was only geared towards winning power and was unsure how to maintain it. Also there were too many groups with too many members within the Nazi party, therefore violence may have been needed to keep it all together. ...read more.

Middle

Nazi culture was a huge contrast with the new and exciting modern Weimar style. Nazi culture was used to promote Nazi ideas and persecute the Jewish, socialist, pacifist and liberal culture. Culture was seen as a means of spreading the Nazi message. Within the world of literature book burning was popular, particularly with books from Jewish authors such as Einstein. Chivalric novels which portrayed Nazis as heroic were popular and the country's best selling book was "Mein Kampf." However, just because everyone owned a copy of Hitler's autobiography doesn't necessarily mean they read it. Theatre was popular, especially traditional plays such as Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice in which the villain was a Jew. Thing spiel pageants took place on regular occasions which saw citizens march whilst dressed in medieval clothes. Art was clear, direct and heroic whilst Hitler favoured classical composers with jazz strictly frowned upon. Film was also geared towards spreading propaganda through epics such as "Triumph of the Will" and although this was Goebbels enthusiasm, the growing audience preferred the limited America choice. This lead to many talented German actors such as Marlen Dietrich leaving the country in favour of Hollywood. As with propaganda, the impact of culture in Germany was difficult to judge although the intent was certainly revolutionary. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was little protest from the Catholics apart from the Bishop of Munster who successfully got the policy of Euthanasia dropped. Within the Lutheran church Martin Neimoller was opposed to Hitler's control so formed the rival Bekennende Kirche (confessional church) in 1934. Dietrich Bonhoeffer was also opposed to Hitler and labelled him the anti-Christ. The Nazi "German Faith movement," which involved no Christian ethics or ceremonies was introduced although few joined it. Many high profile figures from the Church were sent to concentration camps and fear of state persecution of independence along with communism meant little opposition to the Nazis. However there was some resistance in that the Roman Catholics and Lutherans remained united and the Nazis dared not inflict outright repression upon the church as they feared this would alienate their support. The Nazi persecution of the Roman Catholic Church could be described as revolutionary in that the intent was certainly revolutionary, as was the degree of control. However, there was opposition and the Nazis did not crush the Church completely as they feared loss of support so despite the attack the church remained strong. The attack was not a revolutionary concept in that Bismark had previously targeted and persecuted the Catholic Church. In conclusion, to a certain extent Germany did undergo a social revolution as in all situations the intent of the Nazi party was revolutionary however the impact may have been difficult to judge and other factors may have contributed to social change. Hannah Reynolds ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Did Nazi rule in Germany result in a social revolution.

    Other Historians may also base their judgements on their own personal definition of what a social revolution really is and also on their own bias. This means then that there is not a clear answer as to whether or not a social revolution occurred in Nazi Germany.

  2. How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

    However this went directly against one of the clauses in the treaty of Versailles, which stated Germany could only have an army consisting of up to 100000 men, also forbidden was an air force, conscription, submarines, tanks or heavy artillery, for a navy they were only allowed a maximum of 6 warships.

  1. The Nazi Police State

    The events were arranged to perfection, for example; in 1937, 100,000 men marched exactly 0.75 metres apart, carrying 32,000 flags and banners whilst 150 vertical searchlights shone into the night sky, creating a dome of majestic light visible 100 km away.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    Catholic bishops issued a joint condemnation of Kristallnacht, which had occurred a month earlier. (It was the first Protestant/Catholic joint statement on a social issue in this country.) In December 1942, after reports of genocide began to reach the Allied countries, the Federal Council of Churches passed a resolution protesting the "virtual massacre" of Europe's Jews.

  1. Nazism and the New Age.

    know that the god of the Germans is Wotan and not the Christian God." ("Wotan", essay by Jung - emphasis his, quoted by Sklar, p.134) The Nazis reciprocated by making Jung President of the German Medical Society for Psychotherapy in 1933, at which time he finally found a forum from

  2. "The July Plot Failed Largely Because of Popular Support for Hitler." How valid is ...

    Once that was done, it was planned for troops in Berlin to seize key government buildings, telephone and signal centres and radio stations. The Kreisau Circle was a group of German professionals, army officers and academics who were opposed to Nazism.

  1. How far was the Nazi Euthanasia Programme based on racial purity theories?

    used in the purification of humankind. Immediately following their rise to power in 1933, the Nazis implemented their policies on 'racial hygiene'; on the 14th of July the Sterilization law was brought into being, it allowed the involuntary sterilization of any person deemed to be suffering from a genetic disease.

  2. History controlled assessment - Germany between the wars

    -Only about 10% of German Jews had left the country by this time, having had to forfeit most of their property as the price for emigration. Apart from this forfeiture of property, emigration as impoverished refugees to countries which were themselves suffering harsh economic depression was not an option that many Jews wanted to consider.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work