• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Far Did Russia Change between 1856 and 1894

Extracts from this document...


How Far Did Russia Change between 1856 and 1994? During the years of 1856 and 1894, Russia changed immensely in its policies and general state. It went from being an ageing superpower into a country with internal problems and an ambience of civilian unrest. Alexander II realised the need to modernise Russia in order to prolong their status as a superpower. This stemmed from their defeat in the Crimean war. To modernise and industrialise Russia, a free workforce was needed and this could only be made available if people were freed from the land. This meant that Alexander II would need to somehow release the serfs from their owner's land. Another reason for emancipation was made clear in a quote from Alexander II in March 1856: "It is better to abolish serfdom from above than to await the time when it will begin to abolish itself from below". ...read more.


In conclusion, Russia made a great deal of progress during Alexander II's reign as they began to lay the foundations for creating a new, more powerful Russia. However, not all of Russia's problems were solved and indeed some of the reforms created new problems. But generally, Russia changed a great deal during Alexander II's reign and the majority of change was constructive. Alexander III was faced with a number of dilemmas when he came to power. The assassination of his father had a huge impact on him. He believed that all attempts at reform were futile and so followed a policy of counter-reform. His repressive measures became known as "the Reaction". Some examples include Russification, where national minority influence was limited and the Statue of State Security, where judges, magistrates and officials sympathetic to liberal ideology were removed. ...read more.


Both Alexander II and Alexander III decided to change Russia in a bid to prolong autocracy. Despite the reform and counter-reform taking place in Russia, some aspects of life stayed the same. Generally in Russia, there was some kind of repression occurring. Although the Duma was meant to represent the people of Russia, the tsar still had the power to simply over rule any decisions. Also, the average peasant life was not much better than pre emancipation as they were crippled by redemption payments. In conclusion, Russia changed immensely between 1856 and 1894. When recognised as being an ageing superpower by Alexander II it was inevitable that some sort of change would take place in Russia in the hope of modernisation. We can see that the changes were mostly political and economical. During Alexander III's reign we can see that the changes were suppressive although it ultimately led to further change in the form of revolution in the future. ADAM KHANCHE ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why and with what results did Alexander II abolish serfdom in Russia?

    The Tsar feared a revolution from the serfs; however, he also wanted to protect the autocracy. Instead of emancipating from the position of "tsar liberator", he did it from the decisively conservative and selfish stance of not wanting anything to interfere with or even overthrow the autocracy, or jeopardize his position and the divine rights of the tsar.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    Despite the terrible blow to agriculture by Stalin's forced collectivisation in the early 1930s, from which agriculture never fully recovered, progress was made, allowing Russia to feed her population adequately. Such economic advance, in so short a time, has no parallel anywhere in the world.

  1. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    Republicans said this was an inhumane thing, especially at a time when many Americans were going hungry. The Supreme Court agreed with the Republicans and declared the AAA 'unconstitutional' in 1935.

  2. 'Only Alexander II's policies made significant progress in avoiding revolution in Russia.' How valid ...

    Indeed, as the article in the History Review goes on to say: 'However, [the reforms were] accompanied by a changing and underlying pattern of social tensions.' In local government reforms which followed there certainly seems evidence that he did intend to alter Russia system of government ever so slightly.

  1. How valid is the view that the reign of Alexander II achieved nothing of ...

    The State peasants, although granted their freedom much later in 1866, were given much better treatment and held lands almost twice the size of those held by the privately-owned serfs. Freedom, the basic human right, had been achieved for the serf population of Russia and the reform was praised as a moral success.

  2. How valid is the view that the reign of, Alexander II achieved nothing of ...

    The gentry were also unhappy with the reform because they were unwilling to sacrifice their land, although the state did handsomely reward them for doing so. To allow the newly liberated peasants in the countryside to enjoy their freedom, in 1864 Alexander instigated far-reaching democratic reforms in the Russian countryside.

  1. How successful was Tsar Alexander 2nd in Solving the problems facing Russia During his ...

    Once the Serfs had bought into the contract there was no way of getting out of it, and therefore sometimes their children had to continue to pay of their parents or Grandparents debts. The Landowners controlled the Serfs in both their work and social lives, where severe beatings were a common occurrence.

  2. Who had the biggest Impact on Russia – Alexander II or Alexander III?

    The over inflated land prices resulted in the repayments being greater than their production, leaving the peasants in poverty throughout and beyond Alexander III reign. Although Alexander III never reversed the emancipation of the serfs he didlinit their freedom. Alexander II had created the Zemstvos assemblies as a replacement of the serf-owning landlords who's function included the admin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work