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How far did the 1905 revolution weaken then Tsarist regime?

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Introduction

How far did the 1905 revolution weaken then Tsarist regime? Although the 1905 Revolution did not bring over throw the Tsar it had important consequences on Tsarism. It showed the problems of Russian society and exposed the government's weaknesses. Nevertheless, the Tsar managed to suppress his opponents and bring down riots, saving his regimes from collapse. However, this security was only temporarily as the root of Russia's problems were not solved and WWI in 1914 was the last straw for the Tsarist regime. The problems in Russian society were never dealt with properly by the Tsar. The peasants suffered from the problem of land hunger, the workers had poor working conditions and almost everyone wanted reforms, leading to the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution. The war against Japan was supposed to be an easy victory, and would also serve as a way to unite the Russian people behind the government against a foreign enemy. Unfortunately, this turned out to be a great mistake. The Russian army was in poor condition; little to no training, and unsuitable equipment. ...read more.

Middle

Petersburg, led by Father Gapon went on a peaceful march to hand over a petition to the Tsar. This petition requested that the Tsar overrule his, "corrupt," government officials, and call for better conditions for the workers. The protesters were not opposing the Tsar they just wanted the opinion heard by a high power. Although they were warned not to continue by the surrounding soldiers, the people had ultimate faith in the Tsar, their, "Little Father of Russia," and were convinced he would protect them. The protesters held crucifixes and pictures of the Tsar, proving their peaceful nature and demonstrating their adoration of Nicholas. However, the Tsar had ignored the rise of tension in St. Petersburg, and was enjoying a weekend in the countryside. Confusion broke out, and the soldiers fired on the peaceful protesters, killing many. At that moment, the protesters absolute loyalty disappeared, and faith was replaced by anger and hatred. Nicholas had failed to protect his people, and this was the point where Russia realized that he did not care about his people. ...read more.

Conclusion

With them under command of the Tsar large crowds were easy to deal with as people were afraid to stand up to the Army in fear of being killed. In December 1906, an insurrection in Moscow was crushed by the army, taking about 1200 rebel life's. Veterans were suppressed along the route of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Field court-martial was used to deal with terrorists and rural troublemakers. Pressure was added upon the unions to attack the bases of radical politics, this showed the loyalty been given back to tsar securing his control and power of Russia. In 1908, the number of political assassinations had dropped to 365, showing the Tsar had effectively curbed his opponents and in doing so, securing his power. Despite its unpopularity, the Tsarist regime had managed to survive the 1905 Revolution. The liberals and peasants were willing to cooperate with government while other opponents were suppressed. The Tsar had his power back but mainly because he still commanded the loyalty of the army which formed a main source of his power. However it is fair to say that without the Tsar having to make concessions and having the armies loyalty, he may no have been successful is upholding the Tsarist regime. ...read more.

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