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How Far Did The German Economy Sacrifice Their Ideology

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Introduction

How Far Did the German Economy's Recovery Sacrifice Their Ideology? In 1933 when Hitler was appointed Chancellor it was clear that Germany was in a state of depression. Germany had faced invasion of its major industrial area, the Ruhr, hyperinflation had left most penniless and with ineffective savings, unemployment was rife, the army was not completely under government power, political opposition from both the left-wing spartacist rebellions and the right-wing terrorism had weakened the government meaning it spent more time on attempting to consolidate its power rather than use it to aid its country and with no clear economic programme the situation seemed unlikely to improve. In order to restart their economy the Nazi party had to appeal to all levels of people within their citizenship and effectively applied logic that seduced those affected by the 1920's depression. Even the name NSDAP showed their ambition to bring people of all political views under their power as they stood for Nationalists, Socialists, Germans and Workers. To bring these conflicting populace under their control the Nazi's offered ideals which seemed to most as an escape from their torment. The Nazi ideology was simply lebensraum (or living space), fuhrerprinzip, to promote the 'Aryan' race, to establish Germany as self-sufficient, to rearm and reclaim her role as an international power and persecute sub groups, although initially the latter was not a factor it grew into an obsession for the party. ...read more.

Middle

For example the Volkswagen or 'peoples car' scheme, which symbolised the co-operation of the Nazi's to help potentially anyone and which a worker had to save and labour hard towards, was sacrificed once the economy was stable as there was no need to drain the countries finances with free cars once the workforce was unitedly controlled by the Nazi's and when the money would instead go towards funding further Nazi ideologies such as rearmament. Once self-sufficiency had been established, the labour incentives were sacrificed to a lesser degree. Hitler's initial ideological plan of a united political Germany was also unrealistic as the party stood for nationalists, socialists, Germans and workers, all with conflicting political opinions, motivations and interests. It would be impossible to satisfy all as communism claimed to, and the Nazi party was strongly anti-communist and therefore he would have to sacrifice the idea of a united Germany. Yet Hitler overcame this problem by creating a dictatorship by the introduction of his 'fuhrerprinzip' where he had supreme power over the governing of the country and the Nazis were the unopposed political party in Germany. The role of the state having greater control was not made for ideological reasons. Instead Hitler used his ideology to maintain the economy as fuhrerprinzip was made for practical reasons to maintain a managed economy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Women were both encouraged and forced from their jobs to make way for this Nazi ideal and action was taken to reduce the number of women working in the professions. Married women doctors and civil servants were dismissed in 1934 and from June 1936 women could no longer act as judges or public prosecutors. However this ideology also had to be sacrificed to maintain the economy when war was imminent and soldiers were conscripted into the army. Women were drafted back into their previous occupations and many took up new employment in manual munitions factories. The Nazi ideology of a Greater Germany had brought war and as a consequence the Nazi principle idea of reproducing a traditional Aryan race was sacrificed to aid the economy's recovery. It is clear that rebuilding the economy was more important to Hitler than satisfying the ideological desires of the more radical Nazis. However to achieve this his ideologies were key because he used certain ideals such as autarky to make Germany self-sufficient and as a consequence Germanys economy recovered to a stable position from which he could continue to achieve his ideals such as anti-Semitism and lebensraum. Therefore the Nazi party only sacrificed certain ideals temporarily in order to achieve a stable economy and pave the way for the remaining ideals that would not have been achievable without the initial sacrifice. ...read more.

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