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How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

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Introduction

How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933? In this project I intend to explain how the Nazis controlled everyday life in Germany from 1933 onwards. I shall look at how Youths, Women, Workers, Control and Propaganda and the Jews, were all either part of the control or a victim of it. Adolf Hitler was born on the 20th of April 1889 at Braunau, on the Austro-Bavarian frontier. He was the son of a customs official, in the Austrian government. His family was middle class and in an extreme nationalist area, so he had learnt to distrust capitalists and the working class alike. When he was 19 with both parents dead Hitler moved to Vienna looking to get into the arts college, they rejected him. For 3 years he stayed in Vienna finding money from odd jobs and sleeping in hostels. During this time he learnt to hate Internationalism, pacifists and above all he learnt to hate the Jews. When war broke out in 1914 Hitler joined the German army, he served 4 years on the western front, was wounded, temporarily blinded by Gas and was captured but released. He was awarded 4 military medals including the iron cross for bravery. When the war ended in 1918 Hitler remained in the army and was posted in Munich. His orders were to report on the Fringe Political groups appearing at that time. The group that caught his eye was the German workers party. In September 1919 Hitler attended a meeting f the party and was so impressed he decided to join. In 1920 the German workers party changed their name to the Nationalist Socialist German workers party and in 1921 Hitler was elected its leader. On 8th November 1923 at the height of the Weimar republics economic and political crises with runaway inflation and foreign forces occupying Germany's main industrial region Hitler and his followers attempted to stage a putsch in Munich. ...read more.

Middle

Dr Ley drew up massive leisure programmes for the working classes. These programmes included cheap holidays; two 25,000 tonne cruise ships were built to take workers on ocean cruises at extremely low prices. A cruise to the Canaries would cost 63 marks, the same as two weeks wages. Even still, loyal hard working members of the Nazi party received priority when it came to booking any holidays. Also on offer were trips to Italy and Switzerland, skiing in Bavaria or walking holidays in the mountains. Every year the KdF organised huge sport gathering, mass outings to the theatre, they had a touring orchestra that went to places not usually visited by travelling entertainment and put on evening classes for adults. Dr Ley's organisation also was involved in a scheme to provide everyone with cheap cars, this turned out to be a scam. Hitler ordered an Austrian engineer-Ferdinand Porsche- to build a People's Car or Volkswagen, he specified it had to look like a beetle. The retail price for a beetle was set at 990 Marks and workers could buy one in instalments. Despite all the promises not a single beetle was built for a German customer. At the outbreak of war the Volkswagen factory was converted to produce munitions instead of the now famous Beetle. It is clear that Hitler had almost total control over workers from the start of his reign. Even still there was the problem of the lack of workers in the later years leading up to the war so he had to resort to using women. This did go against the idea of the "Nazi woman" yet it was the only way he could keep the work place full and controlled. Control and Propaganda Hitler's head of propaganda was Doctor Joseph Goebbels. Goebbels used every type of media to win people to his side however his main three were: first he made sure newspapers printed only stories favouring the Nazis, any paper that published a different story was closed down instantly. ...read more.

Conclusion

The control was often applied mainly by fear, or desires for a fresh start at life e.g. the workers. Hitler controlled the government by using democracy to get into power and then destroy it from within. In the youth he used compulsory organisations to focus the young minds solely on Nazi ideals. In the workers he offered them work and better standards. Women he controlled by imposing strict regulation to shape the women to be perfect Nazi housewives. For the Jews it wasn't so much of a control as a death sentence, he even managed to turn children against them by rewriting schoolbooks. There was also a fear factor in the Jews as most of them were rapidly disappearing into concentration camps and never returning. Propaganda was a major tool in Hitler's application of control. Hitler once stated: "The receptivity of the great masses is very limited, their intelligence is small but their powers of forgetting are enormous. In consequence of these facts, all effective propaganda must be limited to a very few points and must harp on these slogans until the last member of the public understands what you want him to understand by your slogan." This shows he understood the force of propaganda and used it to his advantage. On the other hand almost every aspect had a minority that rebelled against the control, for example the pirates in the Youth, refusing to join the organisations. In conclusion, despite the heavy effective measures the Nazis had imposed there were always groups which did not comply with the harsh laws, like the hidden Jews, the women who wore trousers, make-up etc, the pirates in the youth who evaded capture despite Nazi attempts, the other political parties which still attempted to function during Hitler's reign, like the Social Democrats and the Communists. This shows that the Nazis could control the majority of the population but were unable to win the minds of every person that they attempted to control. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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