• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do the sources support the idea that Germanywas warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Part A Objective 2 How far do the sources support the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914? Introduction Between 1899-1916 Germany had a change in the Kaiser. In the year 1890 Bismark had been replaced by Nicolas II. During the year of Bismark Germany had not at all warlike and aggressive, various incidents Germany had been involved in peace keeping. When Nicolas however came to power things changed. Germany was no longer a peaceful country any more. During Nicolas period of being Kaiser, Germany became warlike and aggressive. Source one, both supports and contradicts the statement. Simply because the character speaking is the German Chancellor, "Prince Von Bulow" to the German Parliament. The Chancellor is manipulating the parliament in to funding him so that he can build up their naval argument "without a strong army and a strong navy, there can b no welfare for us." This shows that Germany is warlike and aggressive. The source also mentions "there is a great deal of envy of us in the world, political envy and economical envy.' This shows that Germany as a country has done well, and other countries are jealous of the comeback and the way they have managed. The Chancellor is directing this at Britain, France and Russia as being jealous. ...read more.

Middle

The source concludes by saying "of thy love for foreigners" this shows that war has resulted in Germany. The message of this source is to get the people of Germany to have hatred towards the enemy. Using very powerful and aggressive language. Now Germany are acting warlike and aggressive. The source is reliable as it was written from a German point of view "Heinrich Vierordt" after the outbreak of war in 1914. Therefore it is obvious why people felt like this. Source both supports and contradicts the statement, as figures show a clear increase in the army and navy expenditure. It is known that in 1880, Germany was spending approximately � 18 million on her navy. By 1914 however, show that Germany was spending around �88 million. Whereas, Britain was only spending �29 million. In actual fact from 1880 and working towards 1914, Germany are spending 4.8 times as much. This is a dramatic increase. Britain are spending 1.9 times as much. This clearly supports the statement as Germany are being warlike and aggressive. If they weren't they wouldn't be spending so much on their army or navy. The figures of the navy on the other hand, show in 1880s Germany are spending about �3 million, Austria Hungary between �0-8 million whereas Britain are spending around �10 million. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the source doesn't mention whether Germany is warlike and aggressive. As a result of the source being produced from opposition, who have every right to be against and give false statements of Germany, this source is reliable. Source four contradicts the statement simply because it mentions from the German point of view who is at the roots of the war to be triggered off. "Our dilemma over keeping faith with the old honourable empire has been exploited to exploit the situation which gives England the excuse she has been seeking to annihilate us with her spurious appearance of justice." This shows that Germany believe it is Britain stirring up trouble, and that they want to dominate Germany. The source goes on to say "celebrated encirclement of Germany has finally become an accomplished fact." This again shows Britain being the dominant power and against Germany. Britain's wish has come true. The fact that they want Germany 'encircled' has come true. The Germans believed that this is something the British believed to always want. This source does not show Germany as being warlike and aggressive. It actually shows that Germany didn't even want a war; it was Britain who were stirring up trouble and were waging war against Germany. This source is not very reliable as it a secret memorandum from the 'German Kaiser'. As he is German he has every right to be biased, as he would want to defend his country. Faisal Mahmood ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Dad's Army" - How much can you learn from these sources about the work ...

    They patrolled streets and rivers to ensure that no enemy on foot or water could get far enough to cause trouble. This worked well because there were a group of patrollers and they could help other members if they were faced with Germans.

  2. "Tension between the countries of Europe increased in year before 1914 due to the ...

    While they were distracted by this attack Balkan nationalists formed the Balkan league and declared war on turkey forcing them out of Europe for good. The members of the league were Serbia, Greece, Bulgaria and Montenegro. By November 1912 turkey had been forced from Europe.

  1. "Castlereagh's foreign policy 1815-1822 was more successful than Canning's foreign policy 1822-1827" - Explain ...

    He instead sent his half brother, Lord Stuart, as an observer. The Congress of Laibach 1821 was the same as Toppau in reference to Castlereagh's disapproval and he again sent Lord Stuart to show his disapproval. At Laibach, Austria and Russia were ready to send soldiers against Italian revolts and

  2. How successful was Bismarckas Chancellor in his foreign policies between 1871-1890?

    What could he then do? In order to guarantee all those he established an alliance with Russia and Austria-Hungary, the Dreikaiserbund (League of the Three Emperors), in 22 October 1873. It consisted of a series of military agreements promising aid to any party in case they were attacked by a fourth power.

  1. "William II's foreign policy contributed greatly to tensions in Europebetween 1890 and 1914." Discuss.

    France, more than eager to come out of isolation, aided Russia. Such a partnership was reaffirmed by the Franco-Russian Friendship Alliance in 1893 and later, by the Franco-Russian Military Alliance in 1894. Germany was left without an ally on the eastern flank.

  2. German Foreign Policy - To what extent was the German Foreign Policy responsible ...

    The German naval expansion program had many domestic supporters. The Kaiser deeply admired the navy of his grandmother, Queen Victoria of Britain, and wanted one as large for himself. Powerful lobbying groups in Germany desired a large navy to give Germany a worldwide role and to protect a growing German colonial empire in Africa and the Pacific.

  1. The most important aim of wartime propaganda was to encourage hatred of the enemy. ...

    Also to show the British public the destruction that the German?s would cause if they won the war, so that they unite together to defeat their enemies, which in this case, is the Germans. From my own knowledge, I know that the government censored the magazine to show only British?s point of view, through DORA.

  2. The main cause of World War One was the alliances. How far do the ...

    This shows that the reason the pressure built up in Europe was because of militarism and the race to build up weapons. To assess this source?s reliability, its nature, origin and purpose needs to be observed. It is part of a lecture, so what he is saying is most likely

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work