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How far do the sources support the idea that Germanywas warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914?

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Introduction

Part A Objective 2 How far do the sources support the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914? Introduction Between 1899-1916 Germany had a change in the Kaiser. In the year 1890 Bismark had been replaced by Nicolas II. During the year of Bismark Germany had not at all warlike and aggressive, various incidents Germany had been involved in peace keeping. When Nicolas however came to power things changed. Germany was no longer a peaceful country any more. During Nicolas period of being Kaiser, Germany became warlike and aggressive. Source one, both supports and contradicts the statement. Simply because the character speaking is the German Chancellor, "Prince Von Bulow" to the German Parliament. The Chancellor is manipulating the parliament in to funding him so that he can build up their naval argument "without a strong army and a strong navy, there can b no welfare for us." This shows that Germany is warlike and aggressive. The source also mentions "there is a great deal of envy of us in the world, political envy and economical envy.' This shows that Germany as a country has done well, and other countries are jealous of the comeback and the way they have managed. The Chancellor is directing this at Britain, France and Russia as being jealous. ...read more.

Middle

The source concludes by saying "of thy love for foreigners" this shows that war has resulted in Germany. The message of this source is to get the people of Germany to have hatred towards the enemy. Using very powerful and aggressive language. Now Germany are acting warlike and aggressive. The source is reliable as it was written from a German point of view "Heinrich Vierordt" after the outbreak of war in 1914. Therefore it is obvious why people felt like this. Source both supports and contradicts the statement, as figures show a clear increase in the army and navy expenditure. It is known that in 1880, Germany was spending approximately � 18 million on her navy. By 1914 however, show that Germany was spending around �88 million. Whereas, Britain was only spending �29 million. In actual fact from 1880 and working towards 1914, Germany are spending 4.8 times as much. This is a dramatic increase. Britain are spending 1.9 times as much. This clearly supports the statement as Germany are being warlike and aggressive. If they weren't they wouldn't be spending so much on their army or navy. The figures of the navy on the other hand, show in 1880s Germany are spending about �3 million, Austria Hungary between �0-8 million whereas Britain are spending around �10 million. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the source doesn't mention whether Germany is warlike and aggressive. As a result of the source being produced from opposition, who have every right to be against and give false statements of Germany, this source is reliable. Source four contradicts the statement simply because it mentions from the German point of view who is at the roots of the war to be triggered off. "Our dilemma over keeping faith with the old honourable empire has been exploited to exploit the situation which gives England the excuse she has been seeking to annihilate us with her spurious appearance of justice." This shows that Germany believe it is Britain stirring up trouble, and that they want to dominate Germany. The source goes on to say "celebrated encirclement of Germany has finally become an accomplished fact." This again shows Britain being the dominant power and against Germany. Britain's wish has come true. The fact that they want Germany 'encircled' has come true. The Germans believed that this is something the British believed to always want. This source does not show Germany as being warlike and aggressive. It actually shows that Germany didn't even want a war; it was Britain who were stirring up trouble and were waging war against Germany. This source is not very reliable as it a secret memorandum from the 'German Kaiser'. As he is German he has every right to be biased, as he would want to defend his country. Faisal Mahmood ...read more.

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