• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do the sources support the idea that Germanywas warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Part A Objective 2 How far do the sources support the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914? Introduction Between 1899-1916 Germany had a change in the Kaiser. In the year 1890 Bismark had been replaced by Nicolas II. During the year of Bismark Germany had not at all warlike and aggressive, various incidents Germany had been involved in peace keeping. When Nicolas however came to power things changed. Germany was no longer a peaceful country any more. During Nicolas period of being Kaiser, Germany became warlike and aggressive. Source one, both supports and contradicts the statement. Simply because the character speaking is the German Chancellor, "Prince Von Bulow" to the German Parliament. The Chancellor is manipulating the parliament in to funding him so that he can build up their naval argument "without a strong army and a strong navy, there can b no welfare for us." This shows that Germany is warlike and aggressive. The source also mentions "there is a great deal of envy of us in the world, political envy and economical envy.' This shows that Germany as a country has done well, and other countries are jealous of the comeback and the way they have managed. The Chancellor is directing this at Britain, France and Russia as being jealous. ...read more.

Middle

The source concludes by saying "of thy love for foreigners" this shows that war has resulted in Germany. The message of this source is to get the people of Germany to have hatred towards the enemy. Using very powerful and aggressive language. Now Germany are acting warlike and aggressive. The source is reliable as it was written from a German point of view "Heinrich Vierordt" after the outbreak of war in 1914. Therefore it is obvious why people felt like this. Source both supports and contradicts the statement, as figures show a clear increase in the army and navy expenditure. It is known that in 1880, Germany was spending approximately � 18 million on her navy. By 1914 however, show that Germany was spending around �88 million. Whereas, Britain was only spending �29 million. In actual fact from 1880 and working towards 1914, Germany are spending 4.8 times as much. This is a dramatic increase. Britain are spending 1.9 times as much. This clearly supports the statement as Germany are being warlike and aggressive. If they weren't they wouldn't be spending so much on their army or navy. The figures of the navy on the other hand, show in 1880s Germany are spending about �3 million, Austria Hungary between �0-8 million whereas Britain are spending around �10 million. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the source doesn't mention whether Germany is warlike and aggressive. As a result of the source being produced from opposition, who have every right to be against and give false statements of Germany, this source is reliable. Source four contradicts the statement simply because it mentions from the German point of view who is at the roots of the war to be triggered off. "Our dilemma over keeping faith with the old honourable empire has been exploited to exploit the situation which gives England the excuse she has been seeking to annihilate us with her spurious appearance of justice." This shows that Germany believe it is Britain stirring up trouble, and that they want to dominate Germany. The source goes on to say "celebrated encirclement of Germany has finally become an accomplished fact." This again shows Britain being the dominant power and against Germany. Britain's wish has come true. The fact that they want Germany 'encircled' has come true. The Germans believed that this is something the British believed to always want. This source does not show Germany as being warlike and aggressive. It actually shows that Germany didn't even want a war; it was Britain who were stirring up trouble and were waging war against Germany. This source is not very reliable as it a secret memorandum from the 'German Kaiser'. As he is German he has every right to be biased, as he would want to defend his country. Faisal Mahmood ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "William II's foreign policy contributed greatly to tensions in Europebetween 1890 and 1914." Discuss.

    The conference, contrary to the Kaiser's expectations proved to be Germany's major diplomatic defeat. France and Britain attained international backing of Russia, USA and Italy and thus opposed Germany, sided by Austria-Hungary. Germany came out defeated from the conference and lost much of its international prestige, but what is more

  2. How far did Bismarckachieve his foreign policy aims in 1870-1878?

    This was a turning point for the German Prime Minister because both of his allies were feeling hostile towards him but because he was so determined to ensure that the Great Powers would turn to Germany for support and not form anti-German alliances, Bismarck chose to form an alliance solely with Russia.

  1. How successful was Bismarckas Chancellor in his foreign policies between 1871-1890?

    In part this agreement could be maintained: the parties involved were under conservative regimes and therefore had interest in fighting against leftist ideals such as socialism, liberalism and democracy. However, the alliance was harder to be maintained than Bismarck would imagine.

  2. "Tension between the countries of Europe increased in year before 1914 due to the ...

    Another example of how tension was caused in the years before 1914 was the First Moroccan Crisis in 1906. In 1904 Britain and France signed the Entente Cordiale, which solved tensions of who was to dominate different areas of Africa.

  1. German Foreign Policy - To what extent was the German Foreign Policy responsible ...

    In 1898, after the Reichstag passed the first Naval Bill, Anglo-German relations deteriorated. The Supplementary Naval Act of 1900 further strained relations with Britain, as did a proposed Berlin-Baghdad railroad through the Ottoman Empire, a project that threatened British as well as Russian interests in the Balkans.

  2. "Dad's Army" - How much can you learn from these sources about the work ...

    However, despite this organisation we can see in source B that some actions served little purpose. For example, in source B the obstruction gang tried to delay German tanks but we know that this didn't happen because the author, who was a member of the gang himself, said; 'our best

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    Bismarck was not over-eager to enter into alliance. They implied obligations besides advantages. But, on the other hand, it would have been folly to stand alone. And it was imperative that Germany selected her partners before France found hers, as she was eventually to do after Bismarck had stepped down from the Chancellorship.

  2. The most important aim of wartime propaganda was to encourage hatred of the enemy. ...

    Furthermore, a cartoon is someone?s creative work; therefore it?s someone?s opinion. This also makes it bias, as they could have created this cartoon showing the Germans were to blame. The purpose of this source was to encourage hatred of the Germans to middle class people and the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work