• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do these two accounts agree about prohibition?

Extracts from this document...


History Source Coursework A Study Sources A and B How far do these two accounts agree about prohibition? Sources A and B are both about prohibition. They explain why prohibition was introduced and the consequences it produced and agree on some points to a certain extent but disagree on others. Both sources are from American history books and therefore have an American view on it. Both sources start with the causes of prohibition and then go onto the consequences it brought. Both sources mainly agree on the consequences brought on by prohibition although source B goes into more detail. Source A explains how prohibition brought about the greatest crime boom in US history because no other law before had gone against the will of so many Americans. Source B goes further and talks about how 30,000 speakeasies opened in New York alone by 1928. 1500 prohibition agents could not enforce prohibition, and avoidance of prohibition turned into big, violent business with the involvement of gangsters such as Al-Capone and Dutch Shultz. Each source begins by stating reasons why prohibition was introduced. This is where they begin 2 disagree, source A describes five interlinked reasons why prohibition was introduced, these are: the bad influence of saloons, wartime concern for preserving grain, the feelings against German-Americans, who were important in brewing and distilling, the influence of the anti-saloon league and the association of alcohol with communism. This is different to source B, which focuses on one main reason for prohibition, the pressure that the women's temperance and anti-saloon league put on congress. They believed that alcohol was the great evil of their time and that they were leading a crusade against it. Source B also goes on to explain how transportation, sale and manufacture were banned in 1919. So although the two sources do not agree on everything there are strong similarities between them. They mainly agree on the areas concerning the consequences that prohibition brought around but disagree on the reasons why it was introduced. ...read more.


Source H is a chart of statistics published by the Philadelphia Police Department showing the number of arrests for drink related offences from 1920 to 1925. The number of arrested drunks rises dramatically over the years from 14,313 to 51,361 people; however, this again does not prove anything because it does not state how many drunks there were overall so it is possible that the only reason that the number of arrested drunks was rising was because there was more of them. The number of drunk drivers arrested also grows over the years, however the number of people arrested for drunk and disorderly conduct arrested falls. It is possible that this number falls because less people are drinking openly because of prohibition, the reason why there is more drunk drivers is probably because people are driving home rather than walking to avoid being spotted so easily. So these sources are not as useful as they first may seem. They have strong limitations as they only show half the data required to judge the success of prohibition in most cases. The sources could be more useful in proving that prohibition was a success if more information was shown, for example the whole number of drunk drivers there were instead of just those who were arrested. E Study Sources I and J How far does source I prove that the policeman in source J is telling the truth? Both sources J and I are about the corruption that prohibition caused among Americans throughout the 1920s and early 1930s. Source I is a cartoon from the time of prohibition. The title given to the cartoon is "The National Gesture". The image is of seven people with different occupations, such as a prohibition agent, policeman and a clerk. Each person is standing with the same posture they are all facing forwards with their hands out behind them as if ready to take a bribe. ...read more.


Where it is not obeyed it will be enforced." Kramer is determined to make prohibition a success and he has great confidence in it. Sources G and H are both statistical sources, which show information such as how much illegal alcohol was seized, and how many people were arrested for alcohol related offences. It is not possible to tell whether these sources think that prohibition will fail or succeed because the statistics do not give additional information that is needed. For example the number of gallons of spirits seized rises from 414,000 in 1921 to 11,860,000 in 1929, at first this seems like prohibition is being successful but it does not tell us how much alcohol is being produced in the first place but not being seized. So the figures given cannot be justified and therefore these sources are unsure whether prohibition will fail or succeed. Sources I and J both give the same sort of message about prohibition. Source I is a cartoon that is implying that most of the people of America are corrupt. It shows seven people standing with their hands out ready to take bribes. A policeman wrote source J. He is talking about how he was bribed without even knowing about it straight away and how his senior officers were corrupt and willing to support gangsters in exchange for money. The message behind these sources is that prohibition is just fuelling a huge crime wave, which is not stopped at all because the police force is taking bribes and therefore prohibition is never going to work. The majority of the sources believe that the failure of prohibition was inevitable. This is mainly because of the huge crime wave that the Volstead Act produced in 1920 and how most Americans wanted alcohol and prohibition had taken it away from them. Sources C and D believe that prohibition would work but these were published long before prohibition was introduced and therefore the cartoonist would have had no idea what was going to happen. Tom Wright ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. To What extent was Prohibtion doomed to fail from its inception?

    grown to the extent it did, they may have been able to deal with it better and possibly they could have helped maintain prohibition. The main evidence which would suggest that prohibition was doomed to fail from its inception is that alcohol was still easily available in other places, for

  2. Why was prohibition introduced

    In a situation like this Whites turned on Blacks. Black men were seen as filling white men's jobs; instead, the reality was that Black people became a cheap source of labor, often doing menial jobs eg. Cleaning toilets simply to make a living .Poor harvests meant those Americans living in rural areas of the "deep south" were hard hit,

  1. To what extent was organised crime the main factor that led to the failure ...

    This was mainly owing to the illegal liquor trade that had been developed to overcome Prohibition, led by the gangsters, especially in large cities such as Chicago. All the main cities in America suffered from this problem but the most violent and corrupt was Chicago.

  2. Prohibition - How far does Source I prove the policeman in Source J is ...

    It showed that the policemen that actually wanted to enforce Prohibition were forced not to enforce it, otherwise they faced a punishment. However this was only one state, the state of Chicago and it doesn't say that this was the situation across the rest of America.

  1. Study sources A and B - How far do these sources agree about prohibition?

    the country went 'dry' and they both agree that a large part of this was played by the campaigns by pro-prohibition groups. However, source B shows that these groups were created before the war and it shows the time scale that these organisations existed before the war.

  2. History depth study coursework-USA 1919-1945.

    As unreliable these statistics maybe, they do show an increase in the amount of illegal stills seized, gallons of alcohol seized and the amount of drunks which does show to some extent that Prohibition was unsuccessful, but these are only a portion of reasons for why Prohibition was unsuccessful. (e)

  1. GCSE Coursework: Prohibition

    Also because it is a specialist book it's target audience would be people who are interested in that one particular area of time, so it would go into a lot of detail about that particular area of time in America, to increase sales.

  2. Prohibition. Source A is from an American history book it was published in ...

    will not take proper care of them and will use money which should be used to buy essential things for children, that money will be spent on alcohol. c) Source E is a letter which was written by John D Rockefeller, a wealthy industrialist.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work