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How far do you agree that the New Deal was more focussed on relief than recovery and reform?

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Introduction

How far do you agree that the New Deal was more focussed on relief than recovery and reform? When Franklin. D. Roosevelt was elected as President of the United States of America in the 1932 Presidential election, he promised his people a "New Deal." In this New Deal, Roosevelt pledged to tackle the economic crisis America was in at the time, which was caused by the Wall Street Crash. Roosevelt's main focuses were on "The three R's:" relief (immediate health for victims of the depression,) recovery (the restoration of the economy and end of the depression,) and reform (the prevention of future problems.) The new President planned to use the full power of the American government to achieve his goals. In his first hundred days of presidency, Roosevelt worked relentlessly with his group of advisors (later known as the "Brains Trust") ...read more.

Middle

At the same time, it helped farmers to modernise their techniques to protect the soil. Although it helped the farmers enormously, the modernisation of farming methods put more farm labourers out of work. Roosevelt set up many more organisations however most of which were indeed on a relief basis. For instance, the Federal Emergency Relief Administration or FERA, set about meeting the urgent needs of the poor. It spent $500 billion on necessities for the poor as well as employment schemes and nursery schools. Another short-term organisation was the Civilian Conservation Corps. It focussed on unemployed young men in particular. These young men were able to sign on for a 6 month period, which could be renewed if they still could not find work. Most of the work done by the C.C.C. ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to the failure of the NRA, Roosevelt's Second New Deal provided a solution called the Wagner Act, which introduced legal protection for trades unions. In conclusion, I believe that the New Deal was intended to focus on all three factors: relief, recovery and reform as Roosevelt set up organisations which were aimed at all three. With regards to relief, Roosevelt set up the Emergency Banking Act, the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the National Recovery Act (which consisted of the Public Works Administration and the National Recovery Administration) were all focussed upon recovery and reform. Although there were many critics of the New Deal, I believe Roosevelt acted wisely and in the countries best interests and although the NRA was not a success, his other organisations were and it was Roosevelt which brought America out of depression. ...read more.

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