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How far do you agree that without the support of the conservative right in Germany the Nazi party would never have achieved power in January 1933?

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Introduction

How far do you agree that without the support of the conservative right in Germany the Nazi party would never have achieved power in January 1933? The conservative right included groups in German society such as the elite, big businesses, the army, Junkers and other powerful groups in society. It has been argued that the conservative right was responsible for Hitler coming to power in January 1933. However, it was not just the work of the conservative right but other factors were also at work, which played a role in Hitler coming to power in 1933. On 30th January 1933 Adolf Hitler was appointed as Chancellor by President Hindenburg (against his best judgement), in an effort to break the frustrating political stalemate caused by the collapse of the Weimar Republic. The Great Depression of 1929 produced a crisis in Germany, which the Weimar Republic politicians were unable to solve. It was thought that if the Nazis were bought to power Hindenburg and the government could maintain power and influence. Hindenburg was 'manipulated' by the ambitious Kurt von Schleicher into appointing a series of inexperienced Chancellors. The first of these was Bruning who became Chancellor in 1930. Bruning ruled with emergency decrees signed by Hindenburg. Schleicher reminded Hindenburg that Germany's economy had not improved under Bruning and in 1932 he was replaced by Franz von Papen. ...read more.

Middle

Germany was forced to accept reparations and war guilt; this was hard and humiliating and angered many German people. The Weimar was economically unstable, as firstly Germany had to pay reparation and then suffered from hyperinflation in 1923. In 1923 the Weimar Republic said it could no longer pay the reparations. The French invaded the Ruhr intending to be paid in kind. The German miners, encouraged by the government went on strike. The miners still had to be paid and this led to the government printing off more and more money. The currency soon became worthless and prices went up alarmingly, this was hyperinflation. Overnight the savings of the German people became worthless and lost support in the Weimar Republic. This led to the German people losing faith in the Weimar Republic and started to support political extremes in an attempt to return things back to normal and improve their standard if living. This was the first step in the building of support for the Nazi party and in the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the German people had become so desperate they were prepared to listen to anyone who promised they could solve their problems. The Wall St Crash started a world wide economic crisis. Due to the falling share prices in America the US stopped lending money and began to call back its loans. ...read more.

Conclusion

This in turn led to people wanting the Nazi party in power and they were less likely to oppose them. Thus this concludes that without the support of the German people the Nazi party would not have been able to gain power in 1933. Finally it can also be argued that it was due to the use of violence and the fear of the Nazi party that their support increased and led to them achieving power in 1933. The SA (Stormtroopers, Brownshirts) was made up by the unemployed, ex-soldiers and was led by Ernst Rohm. The SA was used to eliminate opposition. The SA used to streetfight with their opposition mainly the KPD. Through the use of fear, intimidation and terror the SA got rid of opponents to the Nazi party. In conclusion, it was due to a combination of the above factors and their support that the Nazi party gained power in 1933. However, if it had not been for the support of the conservative right who held the most power in society the Nazi party would never have come to power in 1933. The conservative right played not all but the most important role in the success of the Nazi party this was mainly done by the negotiations and plotting of the elite in the Backstairs Intrigue which allowed Hitler to be invited into power. Sharon Chahal ...read more.

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