• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far does Haig deserve to be called the Butcher of the Somme?

Extracts from this document...


How far does Haig deserve to be called the Butcher of the Somme? This essay will argue that Haig was not the butcher of the Somme and will not agree with the title of my essay will also give reasons why Haig was the butcher of the Somme. The reasons why Haig was not are that the French were hard to cope with and the state of the British army and the reasons why Haig was the are of his personality, his tactics and the poor choice of the battle field Haig was not the butcher of the Somme for lots of reason the France had a lot to blame for the Somme, before the Somme the French had committed the same amount of soldiers as the British but as the battle at Verdun went on they were pumping more soldiers into Verdun so this made the amount of soldiers they could put into the battle of the Somme they went form putting 25 legions to 2 legions which made a considerable difference to the battle at Verdun. ...read more.


Also they lifted the barrage 10 minutes early which allowed the Germans to get to the machine guns and artillery which lead to a lot of deaths, this was not just the artillery crew fault it was also to do with the difficulties in the communications department. Also to no ones fault 1 in 3 artillery shells failed to explode. There were problems with new weapons in WW1 the gas was not working very well in the attack of the Somme and had only just come out in the war at this time but at the beginning the gas came from canisters and gas can kill both sides because they did not have any gas masks. Also what else was there that Haig could have done, and he did achieve all of his plan for the battle of the Somme, his aims were to relieve the French at Verdun which he did do, his next aim was to "break out" and capture the high ground where the German trenches were which he did do and his last aim was to kill as many Germans as possible which he did also. ...read more.


His tactics were not well thought through his plan firstly depended on the German defences not being very strong, which they were not they were very strong as a matter of fact. He also relied on 5 day bombardments which later lead to 7 days of bombardment instead. He was going to use the strategy of attrition this was to wear the Germans down which expected to take a long time and cause a lot of casualties on both sides this was his fault for deciding to have a war of attrition, this is why I think he was a butcher because he knew lots of people where going to die and he did not do anything about it. My conclusion is that Haig does not deserve to be called the butcher of the Somme because all he did was try to win a battle and achieve his aims which he did very successfully, even though there reasons to suspect that he was the butcher of the Somme but I still think that he does not deserve the title "Butcher of the Somme." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. General Haig - Butcher or Hero?

    Question 6b: Why is the impression so different from that expressed in sources 8, 9 and 10? In a letter to his wife in November 1918 (after war ended), we see that Haig has put considerable thought into the treating of Germany after the war.

  2. Haig, Butcher of the Somme

    His comments such as 'Haig was a second rate commander' (Source 2) were widely published and spread by the soldiers and relatives who felt similarly. As past Prime Minister his views would have been accepted by many as the definitive truth.

  1. Does Haig Deserve To Be Called The Butcher Of The Somme?

    Haig also told King George V that French was 'a source of great weakness to the army and no-one had confidence in him anymore'. This was true, but Haig also said that he would be prepared to do his duty in 'any capacity', implying that he would be happy to take French's place.

  2. Haig butcher of the Somme?

    It was shown in the 90's, so the interpretation that Haig was a butcher would have been passed down to many generations and told many times. Therefore this source isn't so much reliable, because not only do they ridicule the war generals but by doing so they take the solemnity

  1. Does General Haig deserve to be remembered as the Butcher of the Somme?

    Another reason that historians came up with this interpretation is because the people gave him support this I shown in source 11, which is an article, by Military Historian John Keegan in the Daily Mail in 1988. This source states that Haig was believed to not give up and he

  2. Does field Marshall Haig deserve his title as the Butcher of the Somme?

    A modern historian, Llewellyn had this to say, "Haig method of winning the war was clumsy, expensive in loss of life and based on a misreading of the facts. As a modern historian he would have clearly analysed the facts. This means that this opinion is based on reliable evidence.

  1. history somme

    One of the reasons I agree is because in Source D it describes how Haig's decided that their going to go over the top, then it leads to the other man saying 'you mean are we going to get killed?

  2. was haig butcher of the somme

    Bombardment of rest billets by night. (f) Intermittent smoke discharges by day, accompanied by shrapnel fire on the enemy's front defences with a view to inflicting loss. (g) Raids by night, of the strength of a company and upwards, on an extensive scale, into the enemy's front system of defences.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work