How far has the organisation of the UNO hindered its effectiveness?
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How far has the Organisation of the UN hindered its effectiveness? The United Nations is composed of a Security Council, a General Assembly, a Secretariat, a Trusteeship Council, an Economic and Social Council, an International Court of Justice and various Specialised Agenicies. All these bodies aim to make the UN a highly effective organisation. The question, however, remains to what extend can they achieve that. The General Assembly is a place of discussion of world issues. It can make recommendations, but which are not binding on members, so it has no real power. The superpowers can no longer control the decisions passed in the General Assembly, and countries with a common ideological or geographical interest tend to make a collective decision on how to vote.
Therefore it is true that the organisation of the UN hinders its effectiveness. It was agreed that if the Security Council could not reach an agreement to intervene in a crisis, then the General Assembly could recommend the use of armed force. This is the 'Uniting for Peace' resolution. However, problems occurred like in the Hungarian Uprising when the Soviets refused to comply with the resolutions passed and they were safe behind the 'iron curtain'. Therefore no restructuring of the UN could overcome the determination of superpowers to refuse co-operation and other external factors such as the Cold War, which hindered its effectiveness. Under the leadership of Dag Hammarskjöld the UN was capable to re-unite Congo, restore law and order and remove foreign troops from the country.
Following this the UN experienced some financial problems and thus some work programmes had to be cancelled. Therefore the superpower rivalry had negative effects even on the UN's specialised agencies, suggesting that the manner in which the UN is organised hinders both its financial wealth and development programs, further reducing its effectiveness as a humanitarian body. In the 1965 war between India and Pakistan the Security Council called for a cease fire, sent missions to both countries and thus brought the war to an end. This shows how well the UN can act when its members co-operate. Therefore the UN can be an effective organisation - despite its organisation - but only it its member's interest coincide. This is all too rare. ?? ?? ?? ??
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