• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far has the USA role in world affairs developed from 1929 to 2000?

Extracts from this document...


Alvin Nelson History Mr Englefield How far has the USA?s role in world affairs developed since 1929? America had adopted a policy of isolationism following the events of WW1, stating openly that the US wanted to stay out of world affairs. They believed that they were geographically isolated ? sufficiently protected from potential enemies by the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. They wanted to avoid sending US soldiers on another ?death march? and instead focus on US economic problems such as the Depression. They managed to keep their role in world affairs to a minimum by not joining the League of Nations and passing a series of Neutrality Acts after 1935 which made them neutral. However, they did not suppress their role in world affairs completely. They were still involved in foreign affairs ? they loaned money to Europe to help them recover after WW1 and they signed the Kellog-Briand Pact in 1928 which renounced war as a means of settling disputes. ...read more.


America role in world affairs developed as they emerged from WW2 as a paramount nation that had survived the war with its economy rebuilt and other nations had turned to them for protection from emerging communist countries like the USSR. America had started to play an international role in world affairs when they adopted a policy of containment, announced by Truman in an important speech in March 1947 which marked a turning point in US foreign policy as it was the start of a proactive policy. He backed this policy of containment with the Marshall Plan announced in June 1947 which would provide economic aid to European countries that had suffered badly as a result of WW2 and were struggling to deal with the damage. America played a part in leading the West in the Cold War. America?s involvement in world affairs increased when they sent forces to Korea, Vietnam and Cuba in an attempt to contain communism, which shows they had a more proactive role in world affairs. ...read more.


In 1985, the new USSR leader Gorbachev and Reagan returned to the policy of detente and the Cold War ended in 1989. In the 1990s, America had become increasingly involved in the Middle East such as the conflicts of Iran and Iraq. America fought in the Gulf War in 1990 to protect oil supplies in Kuwait, as oil was important to the US economy. This conflict showed that America were still proactive in world affairs and were involved in most of the conflicts. Since 1929, America?s role in world affairs has developed increasingly. They were isolationist and inactive in world affairs in the 1930s. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour forced America to become reactive in world affairs and enter WW2 in 1941. In 1947, America?s role in world affairs had become proactive, attempting to prevent the spread of communism. In the 1970s, America attempted to reduce its role in world affairs by following the policy of detente but the conflicts in the Middle East showed their role to be more proactive in world affairs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    The aversion to the use of force destabilizes the USSR because it makes it look weak, its prestige and authority suffer, and this would spur on those who would go against it. For examples, rebels in Chechnya would more likely to be deterred if they new that the USSR was strong and powerful.

  2. How the vietnam war affected america

    They were also very hard to find as they did not wear any uniform, making it easier for them to blend in with the innocent civilians. American soldiers also could not adjust to what had happened in Vietnam to them going into America, in such a short space of time.

  1. Discussing Hiroshima.

    These symptoms included blood disorders, a drastic drop in white blood cell count (WBC), a rise in infections due to the drop of WBC, hemorrhages, slow healing of simple wounds, and anemia. The third stage followed after, and lasted anywhere from one week to several months or longer.

  2. Keeping Mandela in prison between 1964 and 1990 was a mistake(TM)

    This source is not very relevant however it does show that Mandela's power wasn't broken in prison which relates again to the title. During Mandela's imprisonment the white's thought that thing could break his spirit and be silenced, however this did not work and did the complete opposite as he received world news coverage and was therefore not silenced.

  1. How Far Was Detente Successful in the 1970's?

    But the USA were positive as they hoped the Communist countries would allow people more human rights like freedom to express their views without fear of imprisonment. The USA also began to be on reasonable terms with China, as it began in a sporting event, with both sides participating in a table tennis game in Peking in 1971.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Another reason was because of the Paris Summit in 1960. In this summit Khrushchev demanded an apology over the U2 crisis. Although the USA agreed to not spy on the USSR anymore, Eisenhower refused to apologise. Khrushchev stormed out of the meeting.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    A few days later Brezhnev met with Dubcek. Agreements were made that they would stay in the Warsaw Pact and criminalise the Social Democratic Party. He insisted on his reforms 1. August 1. 3rd August Brezhnev declared his faith in communism in the ?Bratislava Declaration? 2.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    demanded a favourable solution to the Berlin situation Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 1963 - Kennedy and Khrushchev - Banned nuclear testing in space, in the atmosphere & underwater - Led to the Nuclear non-proliferation Treaty - limited nuclear weapons to those countries that already had them - Ironically, As the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work