• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far has the USA role in world affairs developed from 1929 to 2000?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alvin Nelson History Mr Englefield How far has the USA?s role in world affairs developed since 1929? America had adopted a policy of isolationism following the events of WW1, stating openly that the US wanted to stay out of world affairs. They believed that they were geographically isolated ? sufficiently protected from potential enemies by the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. They wanted to avoid sending US soldiers on another ?death march? and instead focus on US economic problems such as the Depression. They managed to keep their role in world affairs to a minimum by not joining the League of Nations and passing a series of Neutrality Acts after 1935 which made them neutral. However, they did not suppress their role in world affairs completely. They were still involved in foreign affairs ? they loaned money to Europe to help them recover after WW1 and they signed the Kellog-Briand Pact in 1928 which renounced war as a means of settling disputes. ...read more.

Middle

America role in world affairs developed as they emerged from WW2 as a paramount nation that had survived the war with its economy rebuilt and other nations had turned to them for protection from emerging communist countries like the USSR. America had started to play an international role in world affairs when they adopted a policy of containment, announced by Truman in an important speech in March 1947 which marked a turning point in US foreign policy as it was the start of a proactive policy. He backed this policy of containment with the Marshall Plan announced in June 1947 which would provide economic aid to European countries that had suffered badly as a result of WW2 and were struggling to deal with the damage. America played a part in leading the West in the Cold War. America?s involvement in world affairs increased when they sent forces to Korea, Vietnam and Cuba in an attempt to contain communism, which shows they had a more proactive role in world affairs. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1985, the new USSR leader Gorbachev and Reagan returned to the policy of detente and the Cold War ended in 1989. In the 1990s, America had become increasingly involved in the Middle East such as the conflicts of Iran and Iraq. America fought in the Gulf War in 1990 to protect oil supplies in Kuwait, as oil was important to the US economy. This conflict showed that America were still proactive in world affairs and were involved in most of the conflicts. Since 1929, America?s role in world affairs has developed increasingly. They were isolationist and inactive in world affairs in the 1930s. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour forced America to become reactive in world affairs and enter WW2 in 1941. In 1947, America?s role in world affairs had become proactive, attempting to prevent the spread of communism. In the 1970s, America attempted to reduce its role in world affairs by following the policy of detente but the conflicts in the Middle East showed their role to be more proactive in world affairs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    In January 1987, at the annual Central Committee Plenum "Gorbachev raised for the first time...that reform entailed...competitive elections" (MG+tEoSP P46) and that Gorbachev persuaded the party to undertake larger changes during September 1988 (MG+tEoSP P49). This is corroborated when in December 1988, where he hinted at the underlying principles of

  2. How the vietnam war affected america

    A quote form Source B to support this is when John Kerry says, "taught to deal and trade in violence", meaning that they know nothing apart from violence.

  1. How Far Was Detente Successful in the 1970's?

    But the USA were positive as they hoped the Communist countries would allow people more human rights like freedom to express their views without fear of imprisonment. The USA also began to be on reasonable terms with China, as it began in a sporting event, with both sides participating in a table tennis game in Peking in 1971.

  2. How did the Red scare and McCarthyism become such a dominant force in the ...

    By far the most important person in whipping up hysteria in the public was Senator Joseph McCarthy. McCarthy was a republican from Wisconsin who was very strongly anti-Communist. McCarthy was ruthleslessly aware of the vote winning potential that anti-communism had.

  1. In What Ways Did The Nazis Attempt To Eliminate All The Jews In Europe ...

    Further on, the Nazis introduced the final solution. This was initially the final act in which total destruction of the Jewish race within the European community was to take place. The final solution itself was decided by the Nazi leaders and held at a conference at Wannsee. The Final solution was the decided policy in which the all the Jews under Nazi control would be exterminated.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    The USA did not want destroy the detente that had formed between the two superpowers after the Cuban missile crisis. A further key feature was the creation of the Brezhnev Doctrine which stated that a threat to one communist country is a threat to them all.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    - he wanted to trust the USA, but Soviet Hawks criticised his friendship towards Eisenhower Vienna Summit 1961 - Between Kennedy and Khrushchev - Little agreement - Kennedy recovering from Bay of Pigs - Khrushchev fearful that US aid to poor countries would stop the spread of communism - Khrushchev

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    The soviet Union needed Czechoslovakia in the Warsaw Pact to help keep the Eastern bloc stable. 1. June 1968 ? Soviet tanks remained in Czechoslovakia after Warsaw Pact military exercise 2. July 1. Brezhnev met with leaders of the Warsaw Pact countries and shared his concerns over the events in prague.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work